Democracy is generally understood to be the voice of the people in the governance of a nation. In this “rule of the people,” the common folks have the power to control their own policies, that is, how they want to be ruled; and the elected leaders of the people are required to apply reason when listening to the voice of the people in planning and decision matters (“Democracy”). In common terms, a democracy may be compared to ‘freedom of press,’ wherewith the media has the power to turn the events of the nation through the messages it imparts.
John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty explained the ‘freedom of speech’ of the people in a land of rule. However, democracy goes beyond both ‘freedom of press’ and ‘freedom of speech. ’ Democracy is a concept that is used to express the freedom of an entire country’s peoples to elect their own lifestyles. In so doing, the people must elect leaders who would keep their promises to help the nation generally. While the common people live their ordinary lives, their elected officials are meant to make law and order in the country.
Seeing that economic development is one of the basic features of civilization, as a rule democratic countries are richer, too, because it is their people who work to achieve economic goals with the government playing out its economic roles only in the background. The governments of democratic nations are required to make legislative decisions for the business sector; nevertheless the people have a say in whether they would like certain laws and regulations to remain. Moreover, it is known that the people often make their political decisions (that is, who to elect and what policies to support) from the standpoint of economic issues.
As an example, we are aware that industrialization has brought much money into America; besides, the new energy needs of the United States have to be satisfied mainly through petroleum imports. Imported oil still accounts for approximately two-thirds of the U. S. consumption of oil (“United States”). As a matter of fact, oil imports are so important to the economy that Timothy W. Maier has written: “What has thrown three incumbent presidents out of office and threatens to pull down the Democrats' bid to keep the White House?
Oil – or lack of it. ” This is because the U. S. consumer cannot imagine now a life without petrol in his or her car, and heating in his or her home – also using oil as its energy source. Therefore, any president of the United States who fails to let enough oil into the nation is in trouble, seeing that the economic growth of the country is generally fueled by oil. The president of the democracy should be one who occupies his position of power through effective politics, both foreign and local.
Democracy is not a new concept in our world. Civilizations of old have applied democracy successfully for centuries. At times that democracy failed, or the civilization in question had to take a new turn and come under a dictatorship, the essence of democracy came under rule. In other words, wherever democracy is absent, only the monarchs or principle rulers of the state have the authority to make or change decisions. The people are not obliged to be listened to in the process. In a democracy, on the other hand, the process is reversed.
It is the people who have the choice to support presidential decisions or not. Furthermore, the modern media with ‘freedom of press’ is quick to inform the entire nation about decisions that need to be changed or rearranged. A political regime is built on the basis of power. Politics entail authority and ‘voice’ in the government. Politicians would have to make decisions for the people, in a democracy. But in a police state, or an authoritarian regime which is most probably not a democracy, the ruler(s) or chief(s) may or may not make the right decisions for the people.
Moreover, in authoritarian regimes, the people have no say in removing the government to form a democracy especially when the authoritarians of the nation are strong enough to silence the public quickly and easily. Various authoritarian regimes in the world, such as Saddam’s, have known to have been cruel and barbaric, if not downright stupid. The Aral Sea disaster is a typical illustration of governmental policies gone astray. As expected, governments that make bad policies or wrong choices can only make profits in the short run. In the long run, however, everyone must pay for faulty policies.
Those who are subjected to the government in question have to pay through the disastrous effects of the policy on an immediate level. Their fault seems to be that they did not protest soon enough. The international community must also suffer because the world is economically interlinked. As in the case of the Aral Sea, it is also important to note that ecological disasters affect everyone on the planet. The international community must pay the price of bad policies in a particular country because it did not intervene soon enough to put an end to unmindful practices (“Aral Sea”).