Australia has three main parties: Australia Labor Party, Liberal Party and the National Party of Australia. The minor parties are: Australian Greens, Australian Democrats and Pauline Hanson’s One Nation. This discussion will look at the nature of Labour, Liberal and the Greens party. The argument will be against the parties. Before the formation of the political parties the Australian society was unified. The political system was homogeneous in language, religion, culture race and ethnicity expect for the Aborigines who were excluded.
With the emergence of the parties the society was divided into class (Jaensch 1998). The Australian labour party was formed in 1891. It has been in existent for more than a century. It became a federal party in 1901. Other labour parties were established in the 1890s in colonies. The trade union movement sponsored them. In 1899 the labour party took office and it was the first labour government. The party’s essence was to represent the social and economic interests. This party’s membership is mainly the middle class and the country people (Jaensch 1998).
Most Catholics were members of the labor party and they were the working class. The party was urban based. The labor party is in power and it has been criticized for a number of issues. When the prime minister read the budget he did not mention the deficit in the budget. It is wrong when the level of debt is kept as a secret. The debt level has increased to as twice as great in a short time. The debt is estimated to be about $300 billion and it will take decades to repay. Our children will have to pay high interest and tax rates to clear labor’s debt (Turnbull 2009).
The health insurance promised to the people by the labor party has not been delivered. In fact the private health insurance will be more expensive and out of reach for many Australians. The future of the next generation is not secure. We cannot guarantee opportunities for the future generation. Yet this has been possible for the last six decades. The additional debt level is attributed to ‘Labor’s additional spending’ (Turnbull 2009). The labor party borrowed money despite the decline in revenues to give away. The money was not used to create employment or even improve infrastructure.
But now there is nothing to show for the $23 billion borrowed. By failing to invest in infrastructure this is leading to business failure and affecting families. This is seen with the massive power blackouts because the government has failed to plan for power needs adequately (O’Farrell 2009). With this high level of debt and outrageous spending by the government it will lead to unemployment and many Australians will find themselves out of work. The labor party should be transparent with the Australian people and tell them what is going on so that the can operate from a point of knowledge.
The labor party wants to impose censorship of the internet. This would make the internet slow and add additional costs which would hit the consumers plus the businesses very hard. This also amounts to inhibiting free speech. Here the government will be seen to be taking away the parental role of parents control on what their young ones may view (O'Farrell 2009). The Progressive Labour Party (PLP) is a party on the left. It stands the welfare of the small businesses, the wage earners, the unemployed. It fights for an inclusive society that is just.
This can be achieved if policies and practices are democratic and champion for equality for every Australian. ” The party’s core policies are many such as: right to quality health, housing, education, and welfare; funding of education for the underprivileged areas; a policy that supports full employment; favour a Marxist republic; protect the environment; oppose racism, ageism, sexism and discrimination of disabled persons; seek peaceful resolution of international conflicts and review the anti-terrorist legislation. PLP supports redistribution of resources and wealth by having them controlled by the public ownership.
This would be disadvantageous to the average working Australian who has worked so hard to acquire wealth and then it is taken and redistributed. By having resources and wealth controlled via the public the spirit of working hard would be killed. This is because with communalism the spirit of competition is killed and it is this spirit that leads to progress in the industrial and technological level (Politics of Australia). The liberal party was founded in 1944. It believed in personal freedom and more choice. The party was formed after members were dissatisfied with the labor party policies.
The name was chosen to represent the progressive nature if its policies. The liberal party was formed by both the rural based members and urbanites too. Most of the members were mostly Protestant. The liberal party has failed to tap into the modern day online community to advance its agenda. It is still relying on the mainstream media to ass its message across. Yet more people do not depended on the mainstream media for information. By failing to capitalize on this opportunity they are wasting very good opportunity to make the party more elect able.
The Green parties originated from a need to conserve the environment for instance the worlds’ first green party was formed to oppose the construction of a dam at Lake Peddler’ (Dann 1999). Most of the green parties have extended their mandate beyond the environment and some have political powers in their countries. The green party in Australia has influenced the major parties and it appeals to the younger generation that is disappointed with the major political parties. The Australian greens were focused on two major concerns; protecting indigenous forests also the nuclear energy and the weapons.
The movements were opposed to mining and use of uranium in nuclear weapons (Dann 1999). The green parties are seen as a nuisance to the already established parties. The major political parties think that they would cause impediments to ‘good government’ if they got a chance to hold power (Jaensch 1998). The green parties are criticized for opposing globalization. Yet in this era of technology the world is brought much closer. By understanding the political institutions it is possible to understand how a political nature works.
In Australia one is able to understand why the major political parties have been dominant in politics for a long time. Its political nature is based on the American and British models. The political system is not welcoming to minor new parties. They have to fight to survive in the political environment dominated by the major political parties. The small parties have a challenge in their future because they have limited resources. They are unable to access the media to advance their policy and make them popular. The major parties try to destroy the small parties or nullify them.
They have to fight very hard to survive in an environment that is hostile to them. The electoral laws formed by the major political parties’ governments are not likely to bring change to help the minority parties. The political environment is likely to change with the explosion of a middle class that is ‘relatively untied from labor and liberal parties’ (Jaensch 1998). The decline in trade union appeal hence reduction in membership and the coming to power of the liberal party in 1996 suggest a chance for minor parties to gain support at higher levels. The new politics can produce more minor parties.
The political system may be transformed as suggested by analysts this is as a result of radical changes seen in social attitudes and in ideologies. The major parties can try to hinder these developments though they have not been able to adapt to the new political environment. Parties that were based on religion have lost ground. The society is becoming more secularized. The major parties will also be challenged because they do not include moral issues in their agendas. They will have to bring back ‘issues to the main stream political agenda (Jaensch 1998).
In conclusion the Australian political parties need to work together. This will ensure that the country is not divided along political lines. The parties should seek to address the issues that are affecting the country like racism, immigration issues etc. this will make the political system more accommodating of all political parties. It is important that the minority parties are given a chance to articulate issues that the major political parties have not been able to address so far. The minority parties need to seek for finances so as to be in a position to compete with the major parties.
When that is done democracy can be exercised on a fair ground by all the political parties. Perhaps the people should be allowed to vote directly for the leader of government. That way they can have control of who takes office. This will ensure that the leader will be accountable to the electorate. This would increase responsibility and perhaps then the government will not spend so much money and put the country into huge debt levels that will make the future generations suffer. Works Cited Dann, C . 1999. Green Party of Aeteorea/New Zealand.
Chapter one, from her Ph. D. thesis, ''From Earth's last islands. The global origins of Green politics'' (Lincoln University, NZ, 1999) Global Green Party history - 'Time, Space and the Greens' 23th may 2009. <http://www. globalgreens. org/literature/dann/chapterone. html> Green party. 23th May 2009. <http://www. ashgate. com/default. aspx? page=637&calcTitle=1&pageSubject=321&title_id=10502&edition_id=11428. Jaensch, D. 1998.
A plague on both your houses: minor parties in Australia, London: Allen & Unwin Politics of Australia 23th May 2009,<http://www.bambooweb. com/articles/p/o/Politics_of_Australia. html O'Farrell, B 2009. Labor’s Failure To Plan Behind Power Blackouts. 23th May 2009. <http://www. nsw. liberal. org. au/public_news_and_events/media_releases/labors_failuret o_plan_behind_power_blackouts. html. Turnbull, M 2009. Address to the south Australian Liberal Party-budget response. 23th May 2009. Available from <http://malcolmturnbull. com. au/Media/LatestNews/tabid/110/articleType/ArticleView/articleId/482/Address-to-the-South-Australian-Liberal-Party-Budget-Response. aspx. >