The role of the legal counsels should not be ignored in the justice process. Stephen (2000) observed that the legal officers play a big role in defending the accused in criminal cases. Where a case is represented by a counsel, the court tends to pay much attention to the issues than where a suspect undertakes to represent themselves. A lawyer can influence a case to be heard speedily if they argue about the urgency of the matter and an accused in such a case can easily be acquitted because the counsel can use points of law to portray the innocence of their client.
Those who cannot afford the legal counsels spend many days in custody while their files pend in court, when they finally get to be heard they end up being convicted due to ignorance of their legal rights. A just criminal system should be one that avails the services of the legal counsel to all. The government should undertake to provide legal services to the minority in the community so that the rights of the poor who are accused can be administered. The judges being the final decision makers must always act independently to ensure that their only aim is to pursue justice.
Boeles (1997) stated that judges must always treat all the accused equally without discrimination on the basis of race, sex or class and they should always distance themselves from any form of corruption. When making the ruling the judges must always be very keen to act within the limits of the law with the principle of maintaining natural justice being at the back of their head. The very critical decision makers in the criminal courts as mentioned above are the magistrates who decide on whether an accused should be sent to prison if they consider the offense done to be serious and calling for such an action.
The Judges also play the same role as the magistrates though at a higher level. According to (Antonio, 2003) these judges are given very wide discretion which include imprisoning a person deemed guilty or using any other measures they consider fit like community work or even probation. In doing these, they should consider methods that would help the accused reform and be a better person to live in the community in future rather than just punishing the accused. Systems where the government plays an active role in educating the citizen about legal issues and their rights end up with effective systems of justice.
We have a good example of the Canadian government which has promoted its justice system especially to the youth. The government of Canada responds to victims who have been accused by funding free legal aids to represent the poor victims of crime in courts. The government also built various institutions of rehabilitation for the convicted offenders. The government of Wales is also very committed in ensuring a fair system of criminal justice where the principles state that discrimination in all areas should be avoided while dealing with the offenders as well as ensuring that all citizens are protected.
If all the work groups in the justice system from the police to the judges who pass the sentences can corporate and form a good relationship, then there would be an effective system in our institutions of justice. Albert (1998) emphasized that external influences need to be avoided by the professionals who exercise their discretion such as discrimination or corruption, the only influence should be the law which must be followed very keenly.
The prosecutor playing the major role in the process must always direct the court in the right path and the government intervention should be present in assisting the attainment of a just system when dealing with criminals. If all the above stated rules and principles are observed by the concerned departments, we can then talk about a perfect justice system of dealing with criminals. Word count: 1,823. References Joseph, R. (1999). Democratization of Culture and Politics Globally. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Boeles, P. (1997).
The Demonstration of Proceedings In Europe: Is There Fairness? Chicago: Moody Press. Albert, R. (1998). Violence Prevention and Understanding The Rights of the People. New York: McGraw Publishers. Antonio, C. (2003). Human Beings Mistreating Other Human Beings: An International Critique. Michigan: Michigan Publishers. Robert, W. (2007). The Aspect of Crime and The Justice System as Perceived by the Blacks. An analysis. California: California Publishers. Stephen, S. (2000). The Elements of Fair Hearing: What Justice is Accorded to the Minority Ethnics?