The threat of domestic is becoming a more serious concern for national security. Many domestic terror groups are now forging ties with international terror groups in conspiracy to commit terror attacks. Many of the domestic terror attacks are in fact directed by some foreign or international terror groups, utilizing domestic terror groups a san arm to advance common goal against a common enemy. In the same way, in order to facilitate their terror motives, international terrorism are now building ties with local and domestic terrorists.
This allows them to carry out preparatory and even intelligence investigations in support of their actions. In the Philippines for example, the alleged attacks by a local terror group, known as the Abu Sayaff, are believed to have ties with the international terror group responsible for the September 11 attacks. IN addition, in the September 11 incident, the federal Bureau of Investigation has implicated a number of local and domestic terrorist to have worked in conspiracy with the international terrorists in order to carry out the terror attacks.
In most instances, the government has always been the target of domestic and international terror groups. In the United States, the reported terror attacks, both by international and domestic terror groups, are believed to have been in disappointment of the present administration. 2. To what extent has the internet become a tool for domestic terror group? Where would you strike the balance between freedom of speech and communication via the internet and inciting and organizing violence?
How aggressive should law enforcement authorities monitor the activities of suspected domestic terror groups on the web? Would your position remain the same if you knew that federal authorities would then be empowered to enhance their monitoring of you? The Internet has been a useful tool in communication, commerce and in National Security. However, it cannot be avoided, that as a technology that started during the Wars, the Internet is also being used by some terrorist in order to carry out its objectives.
For example, some hate groups are using the Internet to circulate messages and communicate disgust and disappointment against the federal government. Today, with the pending threats of terrorism, countries are joining hands in an effort to crack down known terrorists. Anti-terror policies and laws have been passed and implemented to fight terrorism. For example, in the Philippines, a known anti-terror nation, the legislative department, by virtue of the power of the president has passed and approved a new anti-terror law.
However, despite its passage, its implementation is held in suspension because of a number of criticisms against the said law. There have been questions against the alleged violation of privacy of communication on the manner by which the law permits the authorities to wire-tap phone conversations and other communications. In this regard, it is important to consider that while fighting terrorism, the right of the people to freedom of communication should not be curtailed or unduly harassed. It is quite unfortunate that the Internet is being used for a number of crimes, not only in terrorism.
It is even more unfortunate that until today, there are no concrete laws against these crimes committed through the web. In this regard, the authorities should be very vigilant in monitoring terror attacks and plans through the internet because, of the unlimited reach of the Internet, communication for the terrorists is hastened enabling them to pursue with their plans almost unnoticed. In some instances, justified breach in the rights of the people to privacy of correspondence and freedom of communication can be allowed if it be for police power purposes.
The enhance power of the authorities to monitor the civilians should be coupled with corresponding regulations to ensure that there can be no abuse of discretion and authority. 3. Explain how domestic terror organizations rely heavily on common criminal activities to conduct their business. What are some of the common crimes most associated with domestic terrorism? Please provide example. Terrorism is a complex crime committed continuously through a series or combination of a number of criminal acts.
There are various manifestations of terrorism aside from the violent bombings, suicide bombings, and rebellion and espionage. Domestic terror organizations rely heavily on other criminal activities in order to sustain its ends. For example, domestic terror groups engaged into kidnap for ransom activities to accumulate funds to buy ammunitions and mobilize its people. According to Copeland (2004), the Bureau of Federal Investigation reported that eco-terrorists had committed at least 1,100 criminal acts that caused property damage amounting to more than $110 million since 1976.
4. Describe the most significant findings or information contained in the Human Report. What is significant about the findings you have identified? What implications for the criminal justice system are embedded in the findings you have identified? Explain. According to the Human report on terrorism, the link between human rights and the fight against terrorism has again been ignited. It is believed that some anti-terror efforts are in clear violation of human rights. However, according to the Human Rights Watch (n. d.
), the Bush administration continuously rejects the applicability of human rights protections to persons apprehended for terrorism. According to the findings of the Human report, fighting terrorism is not simply staging protest against it or apprehending the terrorists; there are also certain issues to consider like the international laws on human rights protection. This only implies that efforts and laws to counter-terror like those in immigration and the general criminal justice should as well be sensitive to human rights protections.
It should be ensured that while fighting terrorism, no other human rights are being violated not only against the suspected terrorists but also against the public. 5. Based on information learned in this course, as well as other courses you may have taken and other sources of information available to you, please explain which is the greater threat –both now and in the long run – to the United States: domestic terrorism or international terrorism. In your explanation, compare and contrast domestic and international terrorism.
Also, please indicate whether either type of terrorism is subject to defeat. Or, in a free society such as ours, must we simply learn to live with the annoyance and tragedies of ideological, political, and/or religiously-motivated violence? Terrorism is a global concern. In the United States, the threat of international terrorism and domestic terrorism is being monitored by the authorities. International terrorism is that act of terror that involves global terror groups that launch attacks to the United States either themselves or through their connections in the country.
The national center for National Security Studies (1995) defines international terrorism as those acts of terror committed by “foreign-based groups or those directed by countries or groups outside the United States”. Domestic terrorism on the other hand are those launch by local terror groups, using the proximity and their knowledge about their target in order to advance their evil ends. It can be said that domestic terrorism is of greater threat because local terror groups often have access to government facilities, intelligence and information that can help them pursue with the attacks.
In the long run, international terror also posts greater threat because of the expansion and mobility of terror groups around the world. It may be difficult to track down criminals and terrorist involve in international terrorism. Basing it on statistics, international threat create greater threat in the United States because according to the Center for National Security Studies (1995), for the past decade, there have been two major international terror attacks in the United States compared to no domestic terror attacks identified for the year 1994.
Both of these types of terrorism are subject to defeat with continuous monitoring and cooperation of anti-terror groups worldwide. It may even be possible that the defeat of domestic terror could lead to the defeat of international terrorism as well, and vice versa. Terrorism in the United States affects not only the Americans but every citizen in the world; that is why; we must all join hands in fighting these threats. People around the world should not simply live under the threat of terror but should, in their own ways be able to participate and cooperate in the global efforts to fight and defeat terrorism.
References Center for National Security Studies (1995). Recent Trends in Domestic and International Terrorism. Retrieved October 8, 2007, from http://www. cdt. org/security/usapatriot/19950426cnss-trends. html Copeland, L. (2004). Domestic Terrorism: New Trouble at Home. Retrieved October 8, 2007, from http://www. usatoday. com/news/nation/2004-11-14-domestic-terrorism_x. htm Human Rights Watch (n. d. ). Human Rights Overview. Retrieved October 8, 2007, from http://hrw. org/english/docs/2005/01/13/usdom9853. htm