The European Parliament, also abbreviated as Europarl or the EP, is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union (EU). Together with the Council of the European Union and the European Commission, it exercises the legislative function of the EU and it has been described as one of the most powerful legislatures in the world The European Directly is elected by EU voters every 5 years, members of the European Parliament (MEPs) represents the people. Parliament is one of the EU’s main law-making institutions, along with the Council of the European Union.
The European Parliament is also the unicameral legislative body of the European Union. Representatives (MEP’s) are directly elected using the electoral system of each individual EU member state and sit in the parliament in political. Main roles The European Parliament has three main roles: Debating and passing European laws, with the Council Scrutinising other EU institutions, particularly the Commission, to make sure they are working democratically Debating and adopting the EU's budget, with the Council. If the European government decide on a law then the other countries have to follow.
For example: no guns; this means that the UK cannot use guns. Members There are currently 776 members in Parliament, which represent the second largest democratic electorate in the world (after the Parliament of India) and the largest trans-national democratic electorate in the world (375 million eligible voters in 2009). Central government What is central government? Central government have the main responsibility of running the country. They are in charge of developing and implementing policy and for drafting laws as well as funding most of the country’s spending.
What makes up a central government? The government has approximately 100 members. The most senior members include the Prime Minister, Secretaries of State, Ministers of State and Parliamentary Under Secretaries. The Prime Minister has the responsibility of being in charge and appointing the other members of the government. There are many key departments within central government and they all play a vital but very different role in running the country. The departments range from the Home Office and the Department of Health, to the Department of Culture, Media and Sport.
These departments are headed by Secretaries of State who have overall responsibility and are staffed by impartial civil servants who receive their funding from money provided by Parliament. Civil servants provide vital advice. The Secretaries of State from every department and some ministers meet once a week to discuss the issues affecting the country, they are known as the Cabinet. This is a smaller gathering of government, which creates speedier and more concise decision making and therefore forms the main decision making body in central government.
The work of each of the departments is important and relevant to everyone in the UK, regardless of their location. Federal governments A federal government is the common or national government of a federation. Examples include: Austria government Argentina government Belgium government Brazil government India government Canada government Germany government Malaysia government Mexico government Nigeria government Pakistan government Russia government Switzerland government United States government Venezuela government Non-federal central governments.
There are many countries which have delegated powers, some include: People's Republic of China government Denmark government France government Republic of China government Georgia government Union of Soviet Socialist Republics government Spain government Sudan government Portugal government Ukraine government United Kingdom government Chancellor of the Exchequer The Chancellor of the Exchequer main role is to control all the economic and finance matters. The position is considered one of the four great offices of the state, it has became Devolution What is devolution?
Devolution is separation of powers from a central government, to smaller subnational parliaments; an example of this is Scotland and Wales as they have started to devolve from England with them having their own parliaments. They have control over some laws, but England still has overall power and Scottish and Welsh MP’s still debate in the House of Commons. When did Scotland and Wales become devolved? In September 1997, referendums were held in Scotland and Wales and the majority of the voters chose to establish the Scottish parliament and the Welsh national Assembly.
Northern Ireland also devolved and is often too referred as The Good Friday Agreement. Scotland and devolution Scotland want to become their own independent country and have autonomous rule; this means they will completely separate from the UK and will not appear in The House of Commons. There will be a vote on this in 2014 and if the majority vote for it, there will be a debate in the house and decisions will be made. Local authorities County and District councils The roles of the County and district councils are:
The County council is responsible for the more strategic functions and services. The district council is responsible for environmental health, housing, local plans and waste collection. An example of a county council is the Norfolk county council which deals with all the issues in the county. County councils has the responsible for education, transport, planning, fire and public safety, social care, libraries, waste management, and training standards. For example the Norfolk County Council are organising the stoptober anti-smoking campaign.
District, borough and city councils cover a smaller area than county councils and they are responsible for rubbish collection, recycling, council tax collections, housing and planning applications. Parish and town councils Parish and town councils are described as third tier. Parish councils are responsible for areas known as civil parishes. They also provide a voice for the local community. Provide grants for local organisations. An example of this is the Weston and Gayton parish councils which meet to discuss the issues in the surrounding villages covered by the parish.
They offer help for local issues including allotments, public clocks, bus shelters, community centres, play areas, grants to help local organisations and consultations on neighbourhood planning. They also have the ability to issue fixed penalty fines for things like; littering, graffiti, fly posting and dog offences. •Village Sign – The Clerk had contacted Ashleigh Sign Writers who had produced the sign originally to see if they will do repairs and at what cost; they had confirmed by email that they would visit the site next week. •Sewer Smells – “A resident from the village had been in correspondence with Anglian Water.
She had experienced extremely distasteful smells pervading into her house, which is totally unacceptable. Mr Steven Carlo had visited to explain what he was doing to rectify the problem. He appears determined to solve the issue and remains in contact. The latest approach is their installation of odour detectors so the source of the problem can be identified. Final results and reports are still to be obtained. It was felt by the council that he should be given a bit more time before contacting the media for pressure to be applied.
The Clerk had been through the minutes since 1991 and this issue had been raised 58 times. The Council thanked the resident for her work in trying to solve the issue. ” Unitary authority The unitary authority is a single tier that is responsible for all local government. The unitary authority covers towns and cities that are large enough to function independently. Nelson city council are one of only six Unitary authorities. Unitary authorities and London and metropolitan boroughs provide all the services although fire, police and public transport are provided through a joint authority. Local Council.
Your Local Council has responsibility for the following: Local planning Local streets and sidewalks Refuse collection Fire protection Parks and recreation Tax collection Building inspection and permits Licencing The monarchy What is a monarchy? A monarchy is a form of government with a monarchy at the head. Constitutional monarchy A constitutional monarchy, also known as a limited monarchy or parliamentary monarchy, is a form of government in which a king or queen acts as Head of State. The ability to make and pass legislation resides with an elected Parliament, not with the Monarch.
Even though they are king or queen A constitutional monarchy (also known as a limited monarchy or parliamentary monarchy) is where there is a king or queen but they don’t have the power to actually create their own laws and run the country that is the job of the elected parliament. This differs from an absolute monarchy in which the monarchy serves as a source of power and is not legally bound by any constitution. This means we do not have a dictatorship and the role instead is just to act as a head of state as a figure and for ceremonial reasons and represent the country in general.
The queen’s role in opening each new session of parliament marks the formal state of the parliamentary year and the queen’s speech sets out the government’s agenda for the coming session, the outlining proposed policies and legislation. The queen never votes or stands for election to any position, political or otherwise. This is because the queen’s role is to provide continuity and focus for national unity. It is considered unconstitutional for the queen to be part of the election. In appointing the prime minister, the queen is guided by the constitutional conventions.
The main requirement is to find someone who can command the confidence of the House of Commons. Making new laws requires formal approval by the monarch called royal assent. The queen always gives her approval on the advice of the ministers. It’s a bill is approved by the monarch it then becomes a law. House of Commons What do the House of Commons do? MPs consider and propose new laws, and can scrutinise government policies by asking ministers questions about current issues either in the Commons Chamber or in Committees.
How many members in the House of Commons? The UK public elects 650 Members of Parliament (MPs) to represent their interests and concerns in the House of Commons Where do the leaders of the three main parties sit? The leaders normally sit the closest to the opposition. See the diagram for references to specific seats. The MOD (ministry of defence) sits at the front bench. The speaker sits in the centre position between the two parties. The minister and the shadow minister both sit at the front bench. House of Lords What do the House of Lords do?
The house of lords is the second in the chain of the three government process. The Lords shares the task of making and shaping laws and checking and challenging the work of the government. Half of the House of Lords job is drafting laws but they cannot be passed unless the houses of parliament consider it. Many of these bills cover crucial areas of everyday life such as welfare, health and education. Members use their extensive individual experience to debate public policy. Much of this work is done in select committees which small groups are appointed to consider specific policy areas.
The Government runs the country and is formed from the political party that wins most seats in the House of Commons in a general election. The Government formulates policy and introduces legislation in Parliament. Most senior members of the Government are members of the House of Commons but there are ministers, along with two Cabinet members, in the House of Lords. What are the duties of the Lord speaker? Duties of the lord speaker: They intend important events on part of the head of counties. Represent lords overseas. Develop friendly relations with common wealth countries.
Responsible for finance matters. Take responsibly for security in the lords area. Promoting an outreach in the public. The lord speaker sits in the middle, it’s called the judges woolsack. Prime minister What is a prime minister? A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. What does the prime minister do? In many systems, the prime minister selects and may dismiss other members of the cabinet, and allocates posts to members within the government.
In most systems, the prime minister is the presiding member and chairman of the cabinet. In a minority of systems, notably in semi-presidential systems of government, a prime minister is the official who is appointed to manage the civil service and execute the directives of the head of state. Government ministers What is a government minister? A minister is a politician who holds significant public office in a national or regional government, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers.
Some ministers are more senior than others, and are usually members of the government's cabinet. In some countries the head of government is designated the "prime minister". Mayors Elected mayors Elected mayors are council leaders who have been elected by the people who live in the local area. The leader of the council is chosen by other elected councillors. There are 16 elected mayors in England. Ceremonial mayor The Ceremonial Mayor is responsible for carrying out civic duties on behalf of the council. This is a different role to the City Mayor. Civic mayors
Many types of council have a civic mayor or chairman of the council. They carry out ceremonial duties and chair meetings, but can’t make decisions about council business. Councils can have both elected and civic mayors. Mayor of London The Mayor of London is responsible in relations to tourism and culture such as Trafalgar and parliament square, also to promote economic development, social development and improvement of the environment. The Mayor of London has the power to do anything that will promote economic and social development and environmental improvement.
Before this he must consult with the people of London, he must promote equality of opportunity. The mayor sets out plans and policies for London covering transport, planning and development; housing, eco-development and regeneration, culture, health inequalities and a range of environmental issues. The Mayor sets an annual budget for: Greater London Authority Metropolitan Police Transport for London London Development Agency London Fire Brigade What is the annual salary of a mayor? The annual salary of a mayor is ? 143,911 a year. How often is a new mayor selected? A new Mayor elected every 4 years.
What does the Mayor do? The Mayor appoints the boards of the London Development Agency, the London Fire and Emergency Planning Authority, and Transport for London. He appoints some members of the Metropolitan Police Authority, and can either appoint the MPA's chair or assume the role of Chair himself. References https://www. vocabulary. com/dictionary/dictatorship http://dictionary. reference. com/browse/dictatorship http://europa. eu/about-eu/institutions-bodies/european-parliament/ http://europa. eu/about-eu/institutions-bodies/european-parliament/ http://legacy. london. gov.
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