How effective are the CID at doing their job? Despite the significant role of the CID, there has been many times in which the media has shamed the metropolitan police publicly. For example, flaws in investigations and injustice. Reiner (2000) argues that the image of detectives on televisions is very different from reality. Reiner argues that in reality few crimes are cracked by detectives and increase interest in the police force in the last twenty years has exposed investigation errors such as delays in discovering crucial items of evidence, failure to identify suspects, and the collapse of criminal prosecution.
15 Cases such as the Guildford Four, Birmingham Six and Tottenham Three show investigations errors and malpractice in the police force (CID), highlighting the lack of effectiveness the police force have when it comes to investigations. The Steven Lawrence case showed the CID failure to investigate probably and apprehend suspects. The CID is there do investigate and solve serious crime, however, in the crime case scenarios shown above this does not show the CID doing their work effectively.
However, in saying this the CID has investigated crime with a positive outcome, yet this flaws and mistakes show that the policing methods needs to be looked at closely. How effectively do women police officers do their job? As prior discussion have highlighted female police officers are often allocated in departments associated with children and women, involving crimes such child abuse, sexual abuse, or domestic violence.
However, to some extent many argue that this is a good thing, because in certain situations women officers are preferred because of their supposed 'sensitivity' in particular circumstances, especially in crimes such as rape. Scott and Dicken 1989, highlighted in their study using a television documentary, on how male detectives often interrogated rape victims16. Therefore, this documentary created an outcry, which led to new guidelines acknowledging that '… some women might prefer to be interviewed or examined by another women'.
17 Painter (1997) argues that women police officers seem to have a positive affects on female victims she argues that female victims are most likely to co-operate more with female officers than male officers especially in crimes concerning rape or domestic violence. Painter also argues in many circumstances involving crimes such as rape or domestic violence the offender in a huge majority of cases is male and 'the last thing a female victim what to do is speck to is another male'.
In addition, in many occasion crimes such as these involve intimate details therefore female victims may feel more comfortable with female officer. This shows how female officers are effective in helping solve crimes such as rape or domestic violence however a women officer can have negative effects on a male offenders etc. For example, a man who confessed to having sex with his daughter aged eight, refused to talk to a female officer, because she was a woman, and he found describing acts and parts of the body impossible.
This shows that in some circumstances women offices can effect a criminal investigation, as this example shows a man refused to give evidence because he did not want to speak to a female officer. However, one can argue this works the same way for male officers; the solution is to get the balance right. In Conclusion, the real task of the police is primarily to defend the existing social order, however evidence shows that the police force is not effectively doing this, previous paragraphs show how the police forces strategies are not working on many occasions and have flaws, for example community policing, CID (Stephen Lawrence inquiry).
Previous discussion also show how effective gender can be in the police force. It furthermore shows how in some circumstances the police are working against the public instead of for. However, the police force is a force that is their to reassure the public and give the public a sense of security, and without it there would be chaos, one can argue that the police has to work more with the public, for the publics agenda and not its own or the governments.