The economic growth in China began in the 80's last century, when it was initiated the policy of reform and openness. At the same time, the rapidly growing trend towards globalization of the world economy. The combination of internal economic potential of China and the possibility of studying the trend of economic globalization has allowed China's economic development for huge additional energy.
This model has made several new ways for development of China. First, it is the processes for gradual connection to world markets, the process of compliance with the international rules of peace . Second, the provision of interests of pluralism, and economic activities in various countries that foster mutual or multilateral gains in economic activity in other countries. China's development has really become a part of global development. Third, China's development is clearly revived its economic relations with other countries. Manifested as the effects of radiation and "excessive." The theory of "China threat" has appeared in the early 90's. last century. The main attention was paid to the rapid growth of the national economy.
This theory, which from time to time being discussing more than 10 years. In recent years it has also been extended to the area of military security and energy. One of the myths of the theory of "Chinese threat" is the increasing population of China.The authors of this position believe that China is not able to feed 1 billion 300 million people and the country to resort to external expansion.The Chinese government is implementing a strategy to improve the pension system, the population growth rate continues to fall.
In addition, the area of China is about 10 million square meters, China is in third place, after Russia and Canada. The natural conditions in China is much better than in Russia or Canada, the potential of the internal development rather large. In the north of China - in the provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Inner Mongolia - an area of 1 million square meters population density is very low. Second myth: China sorely lacks natural resources, so it is necessary to "expand." This is also a fantasy. China ranked first in the world in coal, iron, manganese, copper, tin, gold, petroleum production is 200 million tons, half of Russia's figure. In addition, China is constantly developing new oil fields in the western part of the country and the coastal shelf.
The rapid development of China needs a petroleum import, but this is not to say the intention of expansion. Based on the information presented in the DOD it does seems as though China is a viable threat especially when the executive summary mentions the following: “Earlier this decade, China began a new phase of development by articulating roles and missions for the People’s Liberation Army that go beyond China’s immediate territorial interests.” Furthermore, the report also goes on to point out several other key facts that support the above assumption:
1.China has the most active land based ballistic and cruise missile program in the world. 2.The PLA Navy has the largest force of principal combatants, submarines, and amphibious warfare ships in Asia. 3.China bases 490 combat aircraft within unrefueled operational range of Taiwan and has the airfield capacity to expand the number by hundreds. 4.The PLA has about 1.25 million personnel in its ground forces with roughly 400,000 based in the MRs opposite Taiwan… In addition to the active ground forces, China has a reserve force of some 500,000. Among those who inflate the theory of "China threat" in the sphere of military security, the majority - the Americans. In fact, U.S. military spending every year in more than 10 times higher than in China. They have no reason to blow up this theory.
China has a vast territory and large population. Even exaggerated by U.S. estimates China's military spending is very small and limited. From a historical point of view, China has no tradition of expansion. Moreover, in his interests are mutual exchanges and cultural penetration. In today's world, security and the economy have the same characteristics of globalization. Thus, the nuclear issue is increasingly becoming a problem of life and death of humanity. The global nature of the problem with terrorism is daily becoming more apparent. China has clearly understood this. However, some U.S. officials still see the old dream that the country has placed itself above all and set your own domination.
As said president of the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, Professor J. S. Nye, the rise of a single power inevitably raises concerns of others. This is a purely psychological factor in international relations and an appropriate background for the emergence of this theory. From the point of view of the modern history of international relations, with the advent and rise of a new force will inevitably arise and new requirements for the division of power and interests. Usually this leads to war. Perhaps this fact is a rational explanation for the appearance of the theory of "China threat."
In the American magazine "Newsweek" published an article in which the U.S. criticized for the fact that they are inappropriately relate to rise of China, "misunderstood" modern China, and "method of solving the problem is clearly worthless." Indeed, if someone today can not relate to the development of China from a position of equality, openness and understanding, it will inevitably allow "silly" mistakes. In my opinion, the so-called theory of the "China threat" in Russian and international media is a false judgment that minimizes the possibility of China needed for peace.
Fortunately, now the leaders and activists of China and Russia, as well as residents of the two countries have realized the enormous potential of bilateral cooperation and a mutually beneficial perspective. This is the main direction of Chinese-Russian relations.
Reference: Xinhua News Agency, 2009 Li Yuntsyuan “The theory of "China threat" - a false judgment.” 2012 “Newsweek” magazine. “People's Daily” magazine.