Before one can discuss the criminal justice system, one must understand justice. The meaning of justice varies among people, but the basic concept of justice is that everyone agrees justice involves the fair, moral, and impartial treatment of every person. Justice is the standard by which penalties are assigned for breaking the obligations of the society (laws). Justice holds civilized people and civilized nations together. Justice can be described as impartiality, fairness, and has hopes that all people be treated equally.
Justice may change with the times but some trends like a belief system and the way people handle justice dynamics is key. Encompassed in this belief system are fundamental values and a foundation based on values, integrity, and morals. Values can be subjective and change with various people and cultures. Personal values evolve with certain situations, people, and places, and can change dramatically over time. The pressure to respond in the most ethical way intensifies in structures of ones life as; political, cultural, social, and economic venues become apparent contributing factors. Emerging trends has been set for routine, and habit.
The society in which humans live requires a radically unique form of thinking and thinking processes. Society today sets precedence to relearn continually and rethink ones thoughts and decision process. Components of Criminal Justice System and Criminal Justice Process The first component of the criminal justice system begins with law enforcement, which is the responsible party for upholding enforcing the criminal law. The United States criminal justice system is a system that acts to enforce the criminal laws of the country. In the United States, the criminal justice system is divided into three categories: federal, state, and military.
In addition to these three categories, each state has separate divisions that deal with adult and juvenile cases. Each of these systems is composed of three major components (ehow, 2011). Unfortunately, society has experienced that law enforcers are showing discrimination with people of color, and the poor thereby creating an injustice to the justice system. This is further exasperated by our court system as evident with the population in our prisons and jails. The primary goals of the criminal justice system are to arrest, convict, and punish criminals.
This “system” includes police, courts, and corrections that are interdependent components that try to come together as a unit. This unified unit is to serve some common purpose in the criminal justice system. The criminal justice system is composed of a network that consists of three main governmental agencies: police, courts, and corrections. These three government identities must work together to form a unified network whose common purposes are to keep the guilty criminals responsible for the acts they commit, and to ensure that the process is impartial and fair to every citizen.
Definition of Crime Crime can be described as an act committed or omitted in violation of a law forbidding or commanding it and for punishment is imposed upon conviction. Crime must be monitored by statistics to further help law enforcement monitor gather pertinent information. One needs to remember that the use of statistics only provides a general picture of what is going on. Law enforcement must use them as a starting point to developing a better understanding of criminality in America. One important factor to remember is that some crimes are reported at higher rates than others.
For example, murder because there is a body, and auto theft, for insurance reasons. Other crimes, especially rape, tend to be greatly under reported. One finds that crimes depend on numerous factors, of which location, gender, and age are. First, people define crime, as an act that violates the criminal law. This means that it is definitional a crime-it is not a crime unless there are legal definitions stating that it is a crime. Crime and Relationship to the law Crime statistics seem to go hand-in-hand with politics. Seemingly, whoever is in political office depends on the type of criminal justice system we have.
The prisons and jails are filled with nonviolent criminals that not only cost citizens money to incarcerate them but also these criminals are no longer productive members of our society. Government structures as it applies to the Criminal Justice System The government response to crime is founded in the intergovernmental structure of the United States. Under our form of government, each state and the Federal Government have its own criminal justice system. Every system must respect the rights of individuals set forth in court interpretation of the U. S. Constitution and defined in case law.
State constitutions and laws define the criminal justice system within each state and delegate the authority and responsibility for criminal justice to various jurisdictions, officials, and institutions (Capella, 2011) Conclusion Nothing in life is perfect including the United States Justice System. The United States is one of the top nations that strives for perfection and keep their citizens safe. Other county’s still struggle with their criminal justice system. The advances in technology as DNA and the computer era have made tremendous changes in the system for the better.
One can only hope that technology can bring hope to stop these criminals in their tracks before a crime is committed. Reference: Capella. edu (2011) Criminal Justice Overview Retrieved October 24, 2011 http://media. capella. edu/CourseMedia/PSF5002/media_CJoverview/transcript. html Chippendale, Paul (2001) Values, Ethics, Morals & Principles Retrieved October 23, 2011 http://www. minessence. net eHow, (2011) Three Components of the Criminal Justice System Retrieved October 23, 2011 http://www. ehow. com/list_6554727_three-components-criminal-justice-system. html.