Therefore, as the government leads the way of policy making it is mandatory that it concerns itself with the nation’s cultural and artistic activities. “A policy is a system of ultimate aims, practical objectives ad means, pursued by a group and applied by an authority. Cultural policies can be discerned in a trade union, a party, an educations movement, an institution, an enterprise, a town or a government. But regardless of the agent concerned, a policy implies the existence of ultimate purposes (long term), objectives (medium and measurable) and means (men [sic], money and legislation, combined in an explicitly coherent system”.
(Phillips, 2008) Mr. Philips’s definition cannot be more apt. Culture, as earlier defined is a way of life and therefore its direction cannot be left to chance. It is also a function of expression and therefore through it the feelings of a society are known as well as a function of morals and ethics. Culture manifests itself in the ethical attitude of society. A life of hypocrisy, meanness and immorality is not a pleasant one however, an honourable living is. Culture is a function of political and social integration as people are mostly brought together by arts and culture.
Voluntary associations are important (Arts Council Korea, 2005) as Almond and Verba saw a correlation between the sense of political efficacy and participation in voluntary associations (Arts Council Korea, 2005). Arts have a transformative experience that makes people think differently about themselves. It allows them to look at the world in a different way and makes them realize that art speaks to them in ways that other communication does not (MNSU, 2007). The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism or the MCST is considered to be one of the most important government agencies in Korea (Ministry of Culture, Sports, and Tourism, 2007).
The ministry operates using a 1. 06 percent budget from the government. The Ministry handles a wide range of areas, including: • Culture and the Arts • Religion • Sports • Tourism • Media • Overseas Public Relations The Ministry’s has the following goals that help them to focus on what is important for both the Ministry and for the welfare of the Korean people. The purpose of these goals is to enrich the culture and the people at the same time. The following are the three goals of the Ministry:
To educate Korean people to be cultural and creative citizens 2. To create a unique society where there is a balance between leisure and work and where people can express their cultural identity 3. To create a dynamic cultural nation that represents various local cultures (Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism, 2007). The goals mentioned above aid the Ministry in determining its priorities. Through its goals, the ministry also aims to establish a creative Korea that that will also put the economic perspective in to consideration.