Criminal justice refers to the system that is used by the government in the maintenance of the social controls, preventing crimes, enforcing the laws and also administering justice. The police who are the law enforcers together with the courts and other corrective centers are the key primary agencies tat has been mainly charged with this responsibility of maintaining the criminal justice. Whenever there is processing of the accused through the criminal justice system then the government should keep in its framework of laws which protects the individual rights.
The pursuit of the criminal justice is however just like any other form of justice, fairness or even process with an essential pursuit of an ideal. (Garland, 2002) Organizational Behavior in a Criminal Justice Agency In a criminal justice agency there is a defined corporate organizational culture. This culture comprises of attitudes experiences and the values in the criminal agency settings. Those who work in these agencies have a collection of values and norms which they share amongst themselves and it controls the way their interactions with each other as well as with the stakeholders in their organization.
The criminal justice personnel are highly expected to respond to and treat all the members of the community with a lot of respect. This is very important since people come from different backgrounds. Most of the times the criminal justice personnel tend to greatly ignore this diversity which extends beyond the ethnicity, the cultural, the religious as well as the gender variability. The criminal justice personnel have further been trained so that they can appropriately respond to those who are working with them in the court services, the policing and the corrections.
The personnel also need to provide appropriate information to the individuals who come into contact with them in the criminal justice system. In the criminal justice agencies the personnel also have an understanding of the specific needs and concerns of the people who are involved in the criminal justice system. They also work with the knowledge of the medical, the legal, and the social issues that impact the safety and the wellbeing of all the people who are involved in the system. The personnel are also serviced so that they can support the victims of crime in a better way.
This is done by way of refresher courses as well as on the job trainings and seminars. The criminal justice personnel also provides policies that specifically relate to a diversity of people and this may include policies on the respectful language, the strip searching and also policies on celling. In the criminal justice setting the personnel needs to use the languages which avoid gendered terms which they often use. Some times the personnel also use the gender pronouns that match the way a person is dressed and other cues of the gender expression.
(Boenke, 1999) Important elements of organizational behavior impacting the effectiveness of the agency 1. Ethical Responsibility Every working individual in the criminal justice agencies needs to know the ethics which apply in the system which they work for. Most individuals’ ethical development occurs even before they enter an organization and this is due to the influence from the community as well as the family background. An individual should also posses’ characteristics which are in accordance to the ethical standards of the organization.
Proper ethics affects the organization positively. (Feinberg, 1996) 2. Diversity A lot of people come from different cultural backgrounds and this determines their behavior at their workplaces. Our cultural diversities further affect our attitudes values and beliefs and this can cause communication barriers because of the differences in morals and the ways of life. (Kevin, and Visano, 1992) 3. Beliefs, Attitudes, and Values An individual’s attitudes, beliefs and values are also key elements in determining an individual’s behavior.
They are important in relation to the vision of the organization. The organizational values are more than words, they are the moral ethical and the professional attributes of an individual’s character and they are central to any organization. 4. Perceptions The environments and the social settings are what make up the social perception. Since the criminal justice organization deals with different kinds of people and this involves numerous contacts with other people and so their first impression as part of the social perception is very important. 5.
Leadership Communication Responsibility The way information is passed from the leadership of the criminal justice organization to the subjects is very important and key measures should be taken in ensuring that the information is not altered as well as it is conveniently and efficiently transmitted. (Boenke, 1999) 6. Communication Barriers There are some communication barriers which affect the mode of communication in the organization and this include the physical separation, the status differences, the gender differences, the language and the cultural diversity. Reference:
Boenke, M. (1999): Trans forming families: Real stories about transgendered loved ones. Imperial Beach, CA. Walter Trook Publishing. Feinberg, L. (1996): Transgender warriors, making history from Joan of Arc to Ru Paul. Boston: Beacon Press. Garland, D (2002): Of Crimes and Criminals, in Maguire, Mike, Rod Morgan, Robert Reiner, The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, 3rd edition. Oxford University Press, p. 21. Kevin, R. and A. Visano (1992): High Policing and Low Policing, Remarks about the Policing of Political Activities, Understanding Policing. Toronto: Canadian Scholars’ Press