ABSTRACT TheCl justice department provides the security personnel needed for the countries’ protection. Most people have mistaken the personnel and thought they only deal in arresting and punishing criminals. However, the police are also involved in investigation procedures as well as researching on the modern ways of curbing crime. The citizens and other stakeholders have not provided the much needed support to this department which is vital for their success in curbing crime. This has been mainly because most of the citizens lack awareness on the role of the police.
CRIMINAL JUSTICE SUPERVISION The criminal justice department is mainly concerned with maintaining law and order in the community. The officers of this department are mainly the police who employ measures that ensure the rate of crimes and criminals is reduced. In carrying out such assignments, they collaborate with the citizens and other leaders who will guide them in cubing such crimes and criminal (Pogrebin, 2002). The work of the criminal officers is not only to arrest and prosecute criminals; it widely involves the rehabilitation of such criminals.
The rehabilitation process involves, technical training, behavior shaping and counseling, all this with the aim of making them to be better people once they finish serving the jail term. Networking has been a vital procedure followed by the criminal justice department in identifying criminals. This is because of the technical escape tricks employed by the criminals once they participate in a crime. Without proper coordination in this department, the rates of crime will continue to rise as many criminals will go unpunished.
Such coordination is not only required in the department but also among other stakeholders and the community at large (Davies, 2007). Most of these crimes happen to the community and households where the police may not have detailed information of the culprits. They therefore need to be assisted by the victims who will provide detailed information of what happened and the general description of the culprit. It is the information they get from such victims that will assist them in carrying out further investigations.
Even though the stakeholders have an important role to play in providing the necessary information needed for their protection, the police needs to supervise and manage such processes. At times individuals may decline to give the vital information that will lead to the arrest of such individuals due to security reasons. Some of the criminals usually subject the victims to harsh torture and threaten to torture them further should they provide information that will lead to their arrest. Such victims then need to be assured of their protection before they provide such information.
Most crimes are usually organized and coordinated by a large number of people, once they have identified their area of attack, they carry out extensive research on how they can successfully carry out their business without being noticed, they are also armed to counter any hindrance that may come their way. Most of the people that coordinate with the criminals are those located in the area of attack, they use persuasive means to lure the people and the local authorities to cover their acts; they may also use threats when they seem to find no corporation from such people.
This has made the criminals a source of threat and trauma among the people that have been affected in one way or the other (Bennett, 2006). As much as the people affected may want the arrest of the offenders, they may not be willing to provide such information because they fear the consequences that may befall them and their relatives. Some of the criminals may also be their close relatives and neighbors which make it even tougher to report. It is therefore true that some of the frequent attacks that take place in a certain area are done by culprits that are well known to the victims that may decline to report them.
They may go through tragic events and choose to suffer in silence rather than report to the police. The other reason that may contribute to such decline is because the stakeholders do not trust the police to take the appropriate action. There have been incidences where the police have been involved in criminal organization which renders such an investigation with the same police unproductive. The police have also been reported to take slow action whenever certain offence has been reported to them.
This has made their image to be tarnished and their role in protecting the citizens criticized. Despite the criticisms that have risen due to some few reported cases, the criminal justice needs to be credited for their continued efforts in defending the rights of the citizens. The police are usually exposed to various risks in their duty to protect and defend. It should be noted that, when the police report to a crime scene, they become the target of such criminals who may do anything to them in order to escape (May, 2007).
It is usually said that when a police and an armed criminal meet, it is either the police or the criminal to die. In their duty to defend and protect, they are not required to shoot any criminal unless he refuses to surrender. The police are therefore slow in taking such action so that they give them time to surrender. During such process, they may be injured or even succumb to such attacks. In liaising with the stakeholders to provide information on criminals and criminal offences, they are supposed to keep the information private from public access.
Such information may be supplied to other criminal justice offices to enhance extensive investigation. If such investigations are not done in a careful manner, the investigation procedure may leak out to the criminals who may find other escape procedures. The criminal justice department consists of different officers, each endowed with a certain kind of responsibility. There are those that engage in managerial responsibilities of the subordinates and those that supervise the investigation procedures.
The success of cubing criminal offences largely depends on the corporation that exists among these officers. Each of them is required to effectively carry out their responsibilities in order to successfully protect the people. The police are usually given the necessary skills that enable them to identify and arrest criminals. The tactics used by the police may become too familiar to the long time criminals, raising the need for the police force to be frequently equipped to adapt to change.
They need to be informed of the current attack methods that are used by criminals so that they employ modern defense styles. The skills that the police received during their training may not be sufficient to curb the modern criminal offences. This is because the criminals have also advanced their attack criteria and use modern communication gadgets to attack and confuse the police. This department is therefore involved in research methodologies in the criminal justice field to invent more sophisticated means to protect the citizens.
The weapons used by the criminals are also similar to those by the police; this raises the need for the department to review on laws concerning the legal possession of arms. Some of the criminals may either snatch the police or locally manufacture them. This has been a great challenge in the department raising the need to find out how and where the weapons are accessed. Most of this information can easily be found when there is a good coordination between this department and the citizens.
This can be enhanced if the police are trained to develop good communication skills with the public. They are meant to view them as important assets that can enable them curb crimes and criminals without much struggle. The department has been spending a quit substantial amount in carrying out investigations that would have been easier had they liaised with the public. With some people having no trust with the police, an assurance has to be made to them through public awareness on the role of the police to protect them.
The citizens need to be made to understand that the work of the police is basically to protect them and no other business. The citizens should also be given the chance to report any misconduct by the police in carrying out investigation. Such officers should be punished accordingly if found guilty to help improve the image of the police (Davies, 2005). The citizens need not to be afraid of the criminals who are after terrorizing them; they should instead gather the courage to report them by trusting the department to take the necessary measures in ensuring that the criminals are arrested.
Once the criminals are arrested the work of the police does not end there, they are meant to produce the necessary evidence in the court of law for protection. Some court cases may not be handled immediately the criminal is arrested; they are either put in police custody or released on bail. While under custody, the police are supposed to protect them and involve them in activities that will help shape their character, (May, 2007). They are also screened to provide information that may lead to the arrest of any other culprits that may have escaped arrest.
It is not always easy to deal with such criminals who may prove to be very dangerous even when under custody. Some culprits may escape and tracking them may be difficult. The police that are in charge of these culprits need to observe the necessary measures, the escape of a criminal from custody may put the officers in charge in a difficult situation of explaining to their supervisors why and how it happened. The escape of such culprits may be dangerous to the society; they may come out prepared to revenge on any body they feel took part in their arrest.
It is therefore vital for the officers to take adequate security measures to ensure that the arrest victims do not find an escape root. For those serving jail terms, the officers in charge are supposed to offer them appropriate skills and counseling that will be beneficial to them once they are released. The work of the criminal justice department is sensitive and vital in ensuring a countries well being. It is therefore necessary for the department and the citizens to develop such trust with each other so as to curb the rate of crime.
Necessary reports should be provided by the stakeholders and appropriate action taken by the police REFERENCES Bennett W. (2006): Management and Supervision in Law Enforcement, Belmont: Thomson/Wadsworth, pp 37-39 Davies M. (2005): Criminal justice, Harlow: Longman pp 25-29 May C. (2007): Corrections and the Criminal Justice System, Massachusetts: Jones & Bartlett Publishers, pp 30-34 Pogrebin M. (2002): Qualitative approaches to criminal justice, Washington: SAGE pp 36-40 Davies J. (2007): Security Supervision and Management, Woburn: Butterworth-Heinemann pp 41-44