This is a research paper that will entail an analyzed budget survey for criminal justice activity. It will be an elaboration to the basic understanding on the principles of management, and the theoretical aspects of constructing a good research budget in any form of research work. This comes as an understanding of the importance attached to research budget and the various implications in the budget financial allocations in such research activities.
In all cases various research endeavors within a research require various budget allocation due to intensity of work, nature of activity, volume of activity, time period required to do the various activities, varying number of personnel (both casual and technical) machinery and equipment so used above other external expenditure needs that may happen unexpectedly miscellaneous. In every research activity, it involves a research problem in which the researcher formulate various hypotheses through which by carrying out various statistical activities, the researcher can arrive to a valid conclusion depended on the research results.
Elsewhere, to formulate a research problem about criminal justice would yield an authentic researchable problem through which by use of various research tools, the researcher can come up to search concrete results about the research activity. However, for all the activities, there is the need of the financial outlay (expenditure) in the collection of various data that help to answer the research problem.
By its nature, criminal justice relates to the legislative system, organizations as well as the practices, which the government uses in an attempt to ensure a controlled social order, have possible crime control and use various sanctioning methodologies for the violators of the laws. In its attempt therefore, criminal justice attempts to secure favor for those in criminal apprehension and violators of law who may be faced with various legal penalties that does not commensurate with actions that are provided to ensure observation of the basis human rights and fairness in relations to criminal judgment.
In the attempt to deal with criminal activity, the victims are subjected to various activities that are in a simple form of human rights violations. Importance should therefore be attached to the impact of criminal justice towards the human population. However, in a bid to understand such, an extensive research should be undertaken in trying to investigate the various implications attached to various criminal treatments by the law and whether search treatments are socially justified. Introduction.
Criminal justice is a legislative system, the organizations and various practices, which state governments, use in trying to maintain various societal social control, controlling these crimes and drawing various sanctioning protocols for the law violators. Due to its wide range of the personnel’s concerned with maintain such criminal justice, various legal penalties are therefore instituted by search bodies like government/state, the police and the legal system which could work to violate the human rights and freedoms for the crime suspects.
In all aspects, the states legal system is made to provide justice attributes to the people. This is done through the exercise of various legal authorizes, regulations and requirements by the citizens and the state governance. However, due to he varying legal strategies, penalties and implications, the crime victims goes ahead to have their justice requirement compromised. They will be subjected to various penalties, which work to dehumanize the victims in the broad range of understanding the human rights.
The resulting question is “what is the criminal justice implication of the measures accorded to crime victims? ” Socially, various legislations and requirements by the states as dictated to the crime victims have various social implications. With such legislations and activities that will only work to hinder the growth of justice to the society, various social problems and implications are developed affecting the broad society, crime victims, the interrelationship between the crime and the police above that of the victims and the state.
Due to the divergences in these social phenomena, every research activity allied to studying the criminal justice phenomena is an act dwelling on formulating substantial aid in improving the justice/fairness understanding in the criminal justice view. With this aspect in mind therefore, this research budget outline would perhaps imply an estimated financial outlay in a study related to criminal justice. Since the problem affects the noble citizens, the exercise will involve a research activity in form of detailed questionnaire as to the various implications of criminal regulations and penalties done to the people.
It will subsequently show the various activities and their financial allocations that would adequately fund the research activity for valid results. However, due to the complexity of the activity, the exercise will be done on mid sized city within my state involving various tools and stationary requirements. Either, due to the cost of using questionnaire, a sample of one thousand persons will be drawn upon issuing out these questionnaires to them.
In a bid to secure statistical validity of the results the sample of respondents will be drawn randomly from the human population within the city. This paper will be the analytical research activity and the results related to the issue/discipline of the criminal justice. The paper will be a result guidance aimed at drawing the relevant conclusion about the various implication of criminal justice requirements pronounced by the police, court system and the state governance.
The statement of the research problem would then be, “to investigate the legitimacy of the various legal requirements and penalties as a guide to the formulation of justice to the crime suspects. ” In the problem statement, the dependent variable would thus be the analysis of the state governance regulations, while the independent variable would be the various forms of penalties subject to these crime suspects in the view of legitimizing, penalties towards their criminal activities.
(Cohn, Farrington, Nright, 1998) Currently, the excessive force used by the police in exercising their power is an undefined statement of whether this is a global culture acting within the police force or whether it is the state regulations that leads to them behaving in such a manner. In the administration of law and order within the society, the police will normally use excessive force that shows a compliment of high diversity in the paradigm of ensuring justice to the offenders.
Hereby, this paper will be an investigation of the relation between such law and order administration requirements and the consequent justice imbalance that may be implied there on. Though the relationship between the police and the citizens is bound to be a proactive one, this requirement has however been compromised when the legitimizing concepts guiding the rule of the law have been abandoned to include various legal measures that will only work to dehumanize the crime victims at law suit apprehensions.
By its nature, criminal justice is made to affect the global rule of law as a whole. Therefore the aspect of the society (crime victims), the law (both police force and state legislations) and the social implications arising from these legal conceptions will be captured as parameters of the research paper. In the excessive use of force by the state legal authorities, the society’s human rights and freedoms would therefore be compromised. Borne to the violations in such rights and freedoms are various social implications that arise to affect the society and the state as a whole.
Across the globe, the police use of their excessive trends of force have been voiced as a global problem which is acting to affecting the existence on mankind as a whole in relations to the law. Purposely, law is defined as the regulations both written (coded) and unwritten whose exercise implies a cordial pursuant to the society existence through sanctioning peace and tranquility within such society. This is to imply that; the core implication in the application of law should be to sanction an imperative measure, which helps to maintain order and justice within the society.
Under all aspects, the legal requirement for crime suspects is that he/she should be subjected to legal parameters that are exercised to maintenance of criminal justice. At the court, the suspect should not be forced to accept being guilt. However, court precedents and procedures attempts to follow regulations that ensure a fair trial to such suspects. Despite these legal requirements between the court system and the criminal suspect however, various penalties and legal subjection have been subjected towards the crime victims which only work to dehumanize their human rights and freedom acquirement which would be mere subjection of injustice.
In one statement philosophy, criminal justice has not been observed in the criminal legislations system in many world states. To the crime victims and the society as a whole, various social implications have been the resulting consequences. Amongst the many humiliating injustice activities to the crime victims, death instances have complimented such injustice above various inhuman activities such as physical injuries; torture and other various forms form of human exploitations have been the consequent order of the day in the legal system.
The leading factor however remains the challenge to this problem despite a broad constitutional outlay in regard to the supremacy of the laws and orders guiding the criminal activity within the state. (Fichtel, 2005) Having realized this problem, this research will thus be an investigation aimed at drawing an interrelation portfolio between the role of law and the justice content of the same law towards the society. It will either seek to investigate the various social implications that can be impacted by the various injustice authorities as prescribed by the law consequences.
Fighting for this justice is done by various criminal justice agencies that act to secure a compliment in the observance for the rights of the crime suspects under legal penalty subjection. The adequacy and validity of any research work however, depends on the strength of the related expenditure disciplines that would help to collect valid data, and consequently having a valid conclusion drawn from such data. In the same respect, the criminal justice aspect within this research problem can only be analyzed through a valid relationship of the legal measures done to the victims and the resulting social implications.
Reasons supporting the allocations In order to collect an adequate data framework relating the research topic, the research plan consists a schedule of activities and expenditures for the processes that are allied to the data collection. Like any other research activity, an adequate research results are complimented by the validity in the results got from a well-organized research activity. Before carrying out a planned research activity, the researcher is supposed to make a comprehensive plan of activities, which can also be doubled with the expenditure costs that could be allied to such activities.
To this criminal justice investigation research, it will not be an exception to such expenditure allowances. This implies the importance of drawing a good budget for the activities. The budget has been drawn in consideration of the research schedule related to data collection for a criminal justice research project. These allocations have been of scheduled into the relational capacity of the expenditure requirement of the various research activities. To make these allocations, various reasons have been the guiding factors whose varying expenditure requirements implies the diversity in such expenditure for the different cost variables.
(Conhrane, Meville, Marsh, 2004) Since the research involve delivery of questionnaires samples to the different respondents, an adequate traveling cost expenditure should be allocated for this cost parameter. To this research project, traveling is a highly important cost factor, which should be well captured for its expense. Without such traveling, then delivery of questionnaires would perhaps, be inadequate. Either, due to the nature of the research problem, the data collector can only collect valid and adequate answers to these questionnaires after a substantial explanation on the basics of the research problem to the respondents.
This implies that, posting of questionnaires would mean unavailability of this explanatory introduction course, which could hinder the correctness of he answers drawn on the questionnaires by the respondents, and the possible loss cases of such questionnaires. Therefore personal deliveries of these questionnaires to the sample of respondents would cater for any possible lose or lack of delivery to such questionnaires. Data collection from the respondents will be manned by human work force (data collectors/field men). In every aspect of numerical research data, it involves collection by various persons employed to work for that.
Such work force is paid remunerations, which could be in terms of wages or salaries. This is a direct expenditure allied to the research project and therefore every data collection would imply inevitability to such expenditures, which would then amount to the payment for the workforce used for collecting the data from the field. Conferences allocation; Due to the nature of the research project, it shall involve data collection on implication of legal authorities and the consequent justice activity done to the crime victims.
In many world states, criminal injustice is an unknown discipline to many of the people who could even be affected directly or indirectly by its implications. To take care of this problem, this research project will involve an establishment of some social conferences aimed at alerting the people on what could be criminal injustice. With such conferences, they will be able to adequately provide for the current and statistically valid answers to the questionnaires. This forms part of any other research project based on the research statement whose absolute understanding could be viewed differently by various responsendents population.
(Stenning, 1999) Stationary; In understanding the problem statement for this research project, various activities will require the use of different stationary services and facilities that will help to have a successful completion of the research activity. In all case therefore, such stationary facilities will amount to their purchase cost or other substantial costs related to their acquisition. This will include, printing services, writing materials data analysis tools and equipments above others. Since this forms part of the research exercise, it should not be overlooked.
However a substantial cost allocation should be placed for this requirement if the research exercise is to be successful done. Communication; in the whole research activity, various communication requirement will be done to explicitly ensure a good delivery of information among the participants to the research. As a requirement, valid communication would be required between the researcher and the respondents and between him and the other external persons whose influence would result into a valid data collection support.
In all these communication activities, communication costs will then be highlighted as an independent cost variable working within the research project. Such cost is however allocated via the understanding of the implication borne to the role played by a good communication network in a research project. Handouts; These will act as a consequent assistance to the respondent in understanding the subject of the research project under question. However, this will be on and above the conference meetings whose aim would be to bring awareness to the society about the subject matter of criminal justice.
To a greater depth, these handouts will explain into a greater depth the social implication of the criminal justice and injustices when done to crime victims and the resulting consequences to the society as a whole. With this knowledge therefore, the respondents can adequately draw valid answers to these questionnaires. Miscellaneous; for an expenditure plan activity/project, an allocation for miscellaneous cost expenditure variable is always important. This is in the understanding of the role-played by an allocation of error term variable in any statistical work.
Such error term (stochastic variable), takes care of any factors that could affect the dependent variable but which are not captured by the set of the independent variable within the research/statistical model. For the miscellaneous cost expenditure, it therefore seeks to capture any external cost factors that are not captured in the plan budget. This is the understanding of the fact that, other various unexpected cost variables could ultimately arise during the normal exercise of the research activity.
Either, this variable will capture the various cost elements that may be brought about by unexpected external shocks that hinder the normal expenditure. Social Policy implications of the proposal The aim of this research project was an investigation of the underlying criminal justice implication that results from the relationship between legal pronouncements and the crime suspects. With its integrated study result, the research proposal crowns in its effort to emphasize the inhuman and injustice nature that is revealed in the current criminal justice systems in most of the state countries.
Across the board, criminal injustice has been highly integrated with all the world states been faced with the problem. With the detailed documentation of the states constitution, however, there has been a great compromise to the rules that could be attached to the state constitutions. In many of the states, the legal and paralegal systems have been done to ensure a compromised state of justice maintenance between the state law and the citizens.
The next arising problem that seeks to act as a complement to this statement is the states police forces in their use of excessive forces in dealing with the criminal suspects. Either, the states judicial system have been having a compromised units independency calling for various governmental persuasion to alter the way such court proceedings should be undertaken. With lack of this independency in the court system, executive powers of the government have used various administrations of legal authorities to criminal issues to have a fall up in such states regulations.
(Morn, 1995) The resulting consequence would be a state driven legal framework with the legal chambers acting to persuade various law reforms on the culprits. Since the research project was based on studying the implications borne about these criminal justice legacies, the various research findings and recommendations are bound to have various social policy consequences. Firstly, it is in the view of the individual ignorance that they may be faced with such subjections related to criminal injustice.
To many people, they are only ignorant to perpetuating a fight for their rights and freedoms in regard to the law. However, the people will only stay adamant to a criminal injustice activity done to them, which could consequently work to hinder their rights and freedoms. However, with the result findings of this research proposal, my interactions with the people directly or indirectly through the conferences and handouts have acted as persuasive gadgets that have inspired the people in understanding the different rights and freedoms in relation to criminal law.
This is because, at one point, the research activity has acted as guidance to the society through persuasive teaching on their rights. With the research finding of this project, the people themselves have been captured as the sole contributors towards such a diversified criminal injustice done to them. Through factors like corruption to the legal officers, they make these legal officers to even have a feeling of superiority complex, which make them to even formulate other injustice measures and codes to them.
Since this is a problem, compromised by the legal bodies like the states police and the court system, this proposal would draw a policy recommendation attribute that asserts the use of various tools by the police officers and other legal practitioners in understanding the exact requirement on how they should treat the crime victims. Result findings of report would thus help to bring into attention what these officers are required to do in their attempt to formulate legal penalties to the citizens. Reference: Cohn, E, Farrington, D & Nright, R (1998) Evaluating Criminology and criminal justice.
Westport, CT: Greenwood, Press. Conhrane, J, Melville, G & Marsh, I (2004) Criminal Justice: An Introduction to philosophies, Theories and practice. London: Routledge. Fichtel, A (2005) Crimes beyond Justice? Retributivism and war crime. Criminal Justice Ethics, Vol. 24 Morn, F (1995) Academic Politics and the History of criminal Justice Education. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. Stenning, P (1999) Criminal Justice. Research and Policy in Canada: Implications of Public service Reform. Canadian Journal of criminology, Vol. 41