For a long period especially in the 1960s, the public lacking confidence in the policing models which were being employed. During this period, a professional form of policing model was being used which made the public view the police as being ineffectual as well as ineffective. Failure of the professional models to meet the need of the communities led to the need for formulation of different strategies. Currently, there are two policing strategies in use namely the community oriented policing and the problem oriented policing. These two approaches to policing are related with some people using them interchangeably.
However, these two concepts are different but not incompatible and neither are they in competition. The difference between the community oriented and problem oriented policing is largely determined by the scope in which the police influence goes beyond their mandates of enforcing the law (Strategic Policy Partnership, n. d). Community oriented policing, advantages and disadvantages While employing the community oriented policing, the police power usually extends to cover all aspects of a community that is the police influence covers all aspects in a community.
Under this policing strategy, the police officers are regarded as being an extension of the larger community. Community oriented policing aims at restoring informal controls that could encourage individuals to police themselves. This form of policing also aims at ensuring that people in the society become disciplined by following the morals and virtues held important to the community. Community oriented approach have been termed as an effective method especially due to the fact that it unites the society and the police.
Under this policing approach, the police and the citizens in a community work as a team which may help in ensuring civilization in a community and also in guaranteeing the company with safety. Community policing helps in ensuring that the gap between the police and the communities is breached. This is major advantage of this policing approach (Farlex, Inc. , 2009). Another major advantage of this approach is that it helps in creation of bonds between the society and the police. These bonds are usually based on trust which is an important tool of fighting crime.
Under the traditional policing approaches, there was no connection between the police and the communities which made it difficult for the police to solicit information concerning crime. By making police part of the community, the police are in a position to carry out their duties effectively of providing securities. Also, the society is more cooperative in fighting crime thus this approach helps in reducing criminal activities while at the same time deterring criminal activities in the society.
In societies where community policing is practiced, people are usually afraid to commit crimes since they know they might be caught easily since the police work together with the individuals in a society. This acts as an effective tool for crime deterrence and reduction (Farlex, Inc. , 2009). Community policing is also advantageous in that it helps in improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the police department. By working as a team, the communities together with the police officers are able to formulate problem solving techniques which are vital in improving the performance of the police officers.
Also, communities are able to express themselves and their needs in matters relating to policing as well as measures to cub crime. Such information is vital in ensuring that the needs of the communities are met by the police departments. Being in constant touch with the society also ensures feedback is obtained which essential in helping to improve the functions of the police departments (MacDonald, 2002). Apart from being concerned with fighting crime, police officers are also involved in improving the quality of live for the communities in which they work with.
Police officers are in a position to obtain funds from major business people and government departments to aid the communities where they are situated. Employing a community oriented policing approach would thus help in ensuring that the economic status of the society and especially the youths is improved. This approach also enables the officers to know of any resources which could be vital for the growth of a community and also in discovering other resources which could enhance the living standards of a community (Strategic Policy Partnership, n. d).