Community policing is a policing strategy that has been developed in the recent past upon realization that the policing objective can better be achieved when the community is brought on board in policing issues. This strategy calls for collaboration between the police officers and the community in order to build a partnership that will enhance the problem solving methods and be proactive in addressing the issues that are responsible for public safety (Wilson, 2006).
Due to changing environments, the police are no longer considered as the only individuals responsible for the enforcement of law and order instead the community members are encouraged to be involved in enhancing security of their surroundings. This paper is going to give an analysis of the community policing concept and how the same can be used in dealing with some issues including domestic violence. Community Policing: Crime is a concept that is associated with social concerns which have either direct and/or indirect impacts to members of the community.
Crime therefore can be costly to the society not only in financial terms but also in emotional terms (Friedmann, 1992). There is increasing interests from the public in regard to the criminal activities that are occurring within our communities including domestic violence, criminal gangs, and drug issues among others. This has led for the need for a shift in the policing strategy that can address the changing phenomenon (Fielding, 1995). Community policing has therefore been embraced as the best strategy to address the emerging issues within the society in ensuring safety to the citizens.
Community policing is defined as a strategy aimed at preventing crime and improving the safety of the public through a collaborative effort between the community and the police (Friedmann, 1992). Community policing do encourage the organizational strategies that may help in the utilization of the corporation and the ability to look for a solution in a proactive manner in search for a safe environment within the community. Safety of the public is guaranteed through the limitations on social disorder, criminal behavior and fear of crime (Wilson, 2006).
The community policing concept is composed of three main components which include community partnerships, organizational transformations, and problem solving techniques. The community partnerships involve the collaboration that is built between the police and the public in developing solutions to the problems that are rampant within the community. This is aimed at increasing the trust individuals have in the law enforcement agencies and may call for collaboration with other agencies including NGOs, private sector, and media among others.
Community policing has wider impacts in the traditional setting of the law enforcement agencies (The Bureau of Justice Assistance, 1994). Organizational transformation calls for a realignment in the organization’s configuration, administration, workforce, and the information system in order to aid the community partnership and problem solving that come with community policing. This calls for an overhaul in the law enforcement agencies in an effort to create an accommodative structure that goes in line with the community policing (Fielding, 1995).
The conventional police strategies were reactive but the community policing calls for proactive measure in addressing the community problems. As for problem solving component, community policing should involve the engagement of proactive measures and systematically examine the community issues so as to come up with an effective reaction. This calls for S. A. R. A. approach which stands for Scanning, Analysis, Response, and Assessment (US. Department of Justice, 2009). Community Policing in Addressing the Domestic Violence:
The response to domestic violence by the law enforcement agencies has drastically changed in the past couple of decades. The most recent of the changes occurred through the implementation of community policing which incorporates collaboration and problem solving to problems within the community (Jolin and Moose, 1997). Domestic violence is a community problem that community policing is set to address if well implemented. The victims of domestic violence are more often than not ready to defend the perpetrators from being arrested.
Community policing can therefore work best to address the complexities that surround the issue within our communities. The family violence has emerged as a leading aspect of the cycle of violence that is being carried out within the society (Bucqueroux, 2010). Addressing family violence has become an uphill task especially to the victims as research indicates that victims face a lot of difficulties in relieving themselves from an abusive relationship. It is said that they put themselves to an even greater risk incase they attempt to break away.
To solve such a problem therefore these victims have to be supported in gaining information and strength necessary to ensure a smooth breakaway (Jolin and Moose, 1997). With community policing calling for a partnership between the police and community members, victims can trust the police and share their grievances regarding their problems. In this case, solutions can easily be found as opposed to the traditional police way of handling issues where the law enforcement agents used to be indifferent, full of contempt and abusive (Buzawa, E.
S. , and Buzawa, C. G. , 2003). Community policing ensures that victims of an abusive relationship are treated sensibly with civility and respect. It must be noted that domestic violence is a criminal offence just like any other on the streets and that it should not be regarded as a family issue as it has been the case in the past (Bucqueroux, 2010). Community policing is to ensure the comprehensive safety of the society and family violence has to be addressed in order to achieve this objective.
The Battered Women’s Justice Project Criminal Justice Center (BWJP) worked with four communities in exploration of the community policing concept in domestic violence in the year 1999 (Sadusky, 2004). It was found that with community policing, there was increased willingness on the part of the victims to report the matter to the police and that the police were willing to explore partnership and incorporation from the expertise of battered women’s advocate when responding to the problem.
It was also noted that the police organizations that had implemented this model were more receptive to work with advocates within the community. It has been established that “in a growing number of communities, the response to domestic violence has become more proactive and reflective of community engagement, problem solving, and prevention” (Sadusky, 2004, para 5). Conclusion: Community policing is a new concept that has emerged in the recent past and has continued to record success in its applications as compared to the conventional policing strategies.
Crime trends are changing and thus the law enforcement agencies need to be creative and inventive so as to come up with new strategies that can assure the public of their safety. Domestic violence in particular has been a problem that has been overlooked in the past but there is need to give it closer attention. With the community policing strategies, most of the criminal incidences are likely to reduce as the police shall establish a cordial relationship with the community so as to cultivate trust with the community members who in turn share crucial information on crime related issues with the police.
The realization that the law enforcement agents can not address the societal problems on their own without community support was crucial to the development of community policing. Reference: Bucqueroux, B. , (2010). Community Policing and Domestic Violence. Retrieved on 25th May 2010 from; http://www. policing. com/articles/cpanddv. html. Buzawa, E. S. and Buzawa, C. G. , (2003). Domestic violence: the criminal justice response. housand Oaks, Calif. Sage Publications Fielding, N. , (1995).
Community Policing. Oxford [u. a. ] Clarendon Press. Friedmann, R. R. , (1992). Community policing: comparative perspectives and prospects. Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN 0312086733, 9780312086732 Jolin, A. and Moose, C. A. , (1997). Evaluating a Domestic Violence Program in a Community Policing Environment: Research Implementation Issues. Crime & Delinquency, Vol. 43, No. 3, pp 279-297 Sadusky, J. M. , (2004). Bridging Domestic Violence Intervention and Community Policing: Partnership and Problem-solving.
Retrieved on 25th May 2010 from; http://docs. google. com/viewer? a=v&q=cache:xnPtT6PNBb0J:www. bvsde. paho. org/bvsacd/cd32/vio1. pdf+Community+policing+and+domestic+violence&hl=en&gl=ke&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEESg8Ha9_jLy5n7kKQ3WN4wbXcO8m2aVlXqmyXL0slfrifWe584nNuWtK-oGmHLM_KwL7ByJSR-T8gP32XLl4OZThkfQjsoLF7Iiz44BGLi2xx-UewDK0ArUw3nski6Ezts-wmtQW&sig=AHIEtbS1d0-1DUC3qyoPFI24DFvbuQ6c9Q Wilson, J. M. , (2006). Community policing in America. CRC Press. ISBN 0415953510, 9780415953511 The Bureau of Justice Assistance, (1994). Understand