Community oriented policing is also flexible thus ensuring that actions are taken with ease especially in cases of emergency. Community policy helps in developing commitment both by the police officers as well as the society. Such commitment is vital in development of pro-active as well as long term strategies of addressing the communities’ problems and also in formulating ways to tackle them effectively. This also helps in ensuring accountability both for the societies and the police officers. Creative ways of solving different problems are also reached where community policing is practiced (Adams, Rohe, & Arcury, 2005).
Despite the above advantages of community policing, this approach has its disadvantages. One of the disadvantages of this approach is that it assumes that all people in a community are likely to cooperate with the police. In actual fact, most people are skeptical about the police thus making this approach undesirable and hard to implement. Mistrust may also arise as individuals may feel like they are being probed by the police. This may lead to conflicts arising between the police officer and the societies thus hindering effective cooperation.
This approach may also lead to increase in conflict in a society especially between those who support the police and those opposed to this policing approach. Criminals who get interdicted by the police during committing crime may carry a grudge against people who are believed to have betrayed them thus heightening the tension in a community. This may actually lead to an increase in the crime level rather than deterring or even eliminating crime (Taylor, 2008). Community oriented policing requires recruitment of many police officers for it to be effectively carried out.
Some police department may not have the resources to ensure that such recruitment is made possible. This approach also leads to increased costs to the police department and to the states and this burden may be passed on to the communities. It also requires complex reporting structures which may lead to bureaucracies in the police department thus making this approach undesirable (Taylor, 2008). Problem oriented policing, advantages and disadvantages Problem oriented policing approach involves the identification of certain crimes and other problem disorders which help the police to formulate responsive strategies.
Unlike in community policing, this approach emphasizes more on research and analysis with an aim of preventing crime. This approach involves both the private and public organization in solving community problems which makes its to be confused with the community oriented approach. While analyzing crime happenings, this approach analysis all the incidents which have been re occurred in a community and also looks for any similarities between such occurrences which may be of any concern to both the police force and the communities.
Unlike in traditional policing approaches whereby similar incidences were treated individually, the problem oriented policing aims at identifying the root cause of such incidences thus helping in rooting out criminal activities in a community. This is one of the major advantages of this approach of policing. Also, this approach works together with the affected communities in trying to identify the problems and in formulating solutions. As such, this approach is efficient in not only ensuring that criminals are convicted but also in ensuring that possibilities of the crime being repeated are eliminated.
This policing approach is efficient in rooting out crime in a community (Braga, et al, 2001). Problem oriented policing usually involves the police and the communities in identifying and formulation of alternatives to fight particular recurrent crimes in a community. This helps in fostering cooperation and trust between the police and the society which is vital in fighting crime (Goldstein, n. d). Problem policing is associated with a number of problems. One of the major problems is that it takes a reactive rather than a proactive approach.
As mentioned above, this approach usually investigates crime which has already been committed and as such does not prevent crime from occurring. This reactive approach of preventing and deterring crime makes it undesirable and complicated. This approach is also disadvantageous in that the contact between the police and the communities is usually little thus does not build much trust which required in effective fighting of crime in communities. The connection between the police is usually seen only during investigation of crime which is discontinued once the root cause and the solution is found.
The police force is thus seen as not being part of the society which may make cooperation difficult if not impossible (Leigh, Read & Tilley, 1998). While conducting investigation about certain similar crimes, the police officers are usually in close contact with the communities as most of the information is with the people. As such, the community usually influences the objectives of the police and also may dictate or influence the issues which a police is to focus on. This may lead to conflicting goals and the police may end up focusing more on the communities’ sentiments rather than the actual crime.
There could also arise conflict between the police and the community especially because their needs and goals are different thus increasing the gap between these two groups (NIJ Solicitation, 1997). Community oriented policing is based on the idea that by cooperating with the communities, the police force would be in a position to influence the communities and make them take charge of security issues in the community. This way, the community would help the police in eradicating crime and also in solving community problems.
This approach also believes is based on the belief that the community is likely to cooperate with the police with no objections since it is the community which benefits from this arrangement. By involving the community in policing activities, the community is likely to be more responsive to the fight against crime which is vital in the fight against crime. Making the communities own up the fight against crime is a more effective tool of ensuring crime deterrence and preventing crime.
Problem oriented policing on the other hand is based on the idea that eliminating the root cause of the crime is the only way to help in eliminating crime. By identifying the root cause through cooperation with the communities, this approach is effective in ensuring crime is rooted out of the community (Strategic Policy Partnership, n. d). Despite their differences, the community oriented and problem oriented policing approaches are similar in that they aim at reducing crime through the cooperation with the communities.
Their only difference is that their influence on the communities differ and also the intensity of interaction between the police and the communities. Though community based policing seems to be advantageous and ideal, it is more costly and highly complicated than the problem oriented policing approach. The latter is more practical and achievable than the latter and thus more applicable. Reference: Adams, R. E. , Rohe, W. M. , & Arcury, T. A. (2005): Awareness of community-oriented policing and neighborhood perceptions in five small to midsized cities. Journal of Criminal Justice, Vol. 33
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com/Community-oriented+policing:+a+blend+of+strategies-a015139856. Goldstein, H. (n. d): Improving Policing: A Problem-Oriented Approach. Retrieved on 1st April 2009 from, http://cad. sagepub. com/cgi/content/abstract/25/2/236? ck=nck Leigh, A. , Read, T. & Tilley, N. (1998): Problem-Oriented Policing In Practice. Retrieved on 1st April 2009 from, http://www. nationalarchives. gov. uk/ERORecords/HO/421/2/prgpubs/prg93bf. pdf. Strategic Policy Partnership (n. d): Making Community Policing Real. Retrieved on 1st April 2009 from, http://www. ci. mpls. mn. us/police/news/docs/CommPolicing. pdf.