Unit 2 Assignment 1. Bell System

In this assignment, you will compare service provider types. Assignment RequirementsIn a 1-page paper, compare the different service provide types: RBOCS, ILEC, CLEC, MSO and ISP. Write a short paragraph on each describing what they are and why they’re important to telecommunications.

Be sure to describe each of the service provider types and why they’re important to telecommunications. Submission RequirementsSubmit a 1 page Word document; double-spaced; Times New Roman 12 pt font. Cite all sources used.

Service Provider TypesOn January 1 the Bell System ceases to exist. In its place are seven Regional Bell Operating Companies and a new AT&T that retains its long distance telephone, manufacturing, and research and development operations. [1]

RBOCS stands for Regional Bell Operating Companies. These seven companies were established after an antitrust suit against AT&T on January 8, 1982. It split the company into seven regional companies that handle local exchange service. They are also known as “Baby Bells.” These companies handled almost all of the telephone services across the country. [1] Regional Bell Operating Companies:

ILECsIncumbent Local Exchange Carriers are telephone companies (RBOCs) that existed before the Telecommunications Act of 1996 went into effect. In this landmark piece of legislation by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), the Baby Bells (RBOCs) were allowed to offer long-distance and Internet access in exchange for sharing their networks with new competition. [4] The Telecommunications Act of 1996 says that Baby Bells have to sell space on their existing landline telephone networks at a fair price to anyone who requests it. [4]

CLEC is an acronym for competitive local exchange carriers. It is a telephone company that competes with the already established local telephone business by providing its own network and switching. The term distinguishes new or potential competitors from established local exchange carriers (LECs) and arises from the Telecommunications Act of 1996, which was intended to promote competition among both long-distance and local phone service providers. [5]

MSOs are multiple system operators. These are defined as an operator of multiple cable television systems. This usually refers to large cable companies that provide service for multiple communities, such as Time Warner Cable, Comcast or Cox Cable and similar companies. These MSOs provide television service, broadband internet services, and telephone services. [6]

ISP stands for internet service provider. An Internet service provider (ISP) is an organization that provides services for accessing, using, or participating in the Internet. Internet service providers may be organized in various forms, such as commercial, community-owned, non-profit, or otherwise privately owned. Internet services typically provided by ISPs include Internet access, Internet transit, domain name registration, web hosting, colocation. [7]

Overall, all the companies and services that were created after the AT&T breakup; it had helped to diversification and competition in the telecommunications industry.

References[1] AT&T. (n.d.). Milestone in AT&T History. Retrieved from corp.att.com: http://www.corp.att.com/history/milestones.html[2] bell. (n.d.). Regional Bell Operating Companies. Retrieved from bell.com: http://www.bell.com/rbocs.htm[3] bell. (n.d.). Bell Operating Companies. Retrieved from beatriceo.com: http://www.beatriceco.com/bti/porticus/bell/table_of_changes.html [4] Roos, D. (n.d.). How ILECs Work. Retrieved from howstuffwork: http://electronics.howstuffworks.com/ilec1.htm

[5] Rouse, M. (2008, 03). CLEC. Retrieved from techtarget:http://searchunifiedcommunications.techtarget.com/definition/CLEC [6] Beal, V. (n.d.). MSO- Multiple system operators. Retrieved from webopedia: http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/M/MSO.html[7] Clarke, R. (n.d.). Origins and Nature of the Internet in Aurtralia. Retrieved from rogerclarke: http://www.rogerclarke.com/II/OzI04.html#CIAP