The Election of 1828

Election of 1828 was the eleventh quadrennial presidential election. It was held from October 31 to December 2, 1828. The nominations of the 1828 election was nominated from conventions and state legislatures and not from congressional caucuses. The election was a rematch between Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams. This election is most known for it being one of the dirtiest elections and the amount of mudslinging both candidates were engaged in. Both candidates criticized each other’s personalities and morals rather than political issues.

Adams said Jackson was incompetent by both his ignorance and fury of his passion. Adams was accused of misusing public funds for his own benefit and gambling devices, when in fact he bought a pool table and a chess board. Jackson’s supporters spread a rumor that while Adams was serving as an American Ambassador to Russia, he had procured an American girl for sexual services of the Russian Czar. Jackson’s supporters also called Adams a “pimp” and claimed that procuring women explained his great success as a diplomat.

Jackson revived the alleged “corrupt bargain” between Adams and Clay. The “corrupt bargain” was said to be a secret arrangement between Adams and Clay. The House of Representatives was required to appoint the president due to any of the men getting the majority of electoral votes. Clay swung the votes of states he won to Adams and became Secretary of State. During all of the mudslinging, Adams refused to get involved with the campaign tactics. He was so upset, he didn’t write in his diary from August 1828 until after the election.

Charges against Jackson were much more malicious. Andrew Jackson’s incendiary temper led his life to fill with violence, controversy, and several duels. There was one duel in particular where Jackson notoriously killed a man in 1806. Jackson was accused of murder for executing militia deserters and dueling. He and his wife, Rachel, were accused of adultery. Rachel’s divorce papers from her previous marriage were not fully completed. Jackson portrayed himself as a candidate of common man and attacked Adams as an out of touch aristocrat.

Jackson’s supporters encouraged a high voter turnout by using tactics to appeal the average citizens. The tactics used were parades, speeches, barbecues and a popular campaign song. Expansion of suffrage, the right to vote, was evident in the election of 1828 Many states lowered or eliminated property requirements for voters allowing more white men to be able to vote. More than 1.1 million citizens cast a ballot in 1828 which was more than three times the amount of voters in 1824. 57.6 percent of people voted while 42.4 percent of people did not vote.

New England voted for Adams , while Jackson won over the west and southern states, Pennsylvania and New York. Jackson had 56 percent of the popular vote and 178 of the261 electoral votes, meaning Adams had 44 percent of the popular vote. This declared Andrew Jackson’s victory to presidency. Andrew Jackson was sworn in as president on March 4, 1829, making Jackson the first president to not be from the home town of Virginia or Massachusetts.