In order to acquire both qualitative and quantitative data, the researcher utilized a questionnaire as the instrument of data collection. The core aims of the questionnaire was to investigate the objective of the study which were; establishing how public policy affects free speech, and secondly its impact on proposals for free speech politics in the USA affecting: (1) middle and poor class citizens; and (2) public policy free speech with the relation to social economic factors in the middle and upper class communities.
The questionnaire applied an assortment of closed and open-ended questions. The closed question provides the respondent with a list of coded answers to which they are suppose to choose their response. This in turn helps the researcher limit the responses within the scope of the study. Validity To ascertain the soundness of the instrument utilized in this research, the questionnaire was meticulously tried on 10 respondents. The obtained results were only for trial purposes and not part of the final research findings.
Following the successful answering of the questions, the researcher requested further suggestion and comments, regarding the developing of the instrument, from the respondents. Inappropriate questions, such as those with unclear meaning and jargons as per the respondent suggestions, were disqualified. The questionnaire was then finalized based on the evaluation and suggestions of the sample trial respondents. Finally in the actual research a total of one hundred and eighty respondents responses were analyzed and evaluation critically done on them in order to come up with various conclusions and recommendations.
Total number of questionnaires administered = 86 Valid questionnaire for analysis = 82 Fig 1: Questionnaire Respondents Data Analysis The main data used by the researcher were those obtain from the employ of the formulated questionnaire. However to supplement this information, the researcher also made good use of handy data obtain from other secondary sources. Such secondary sources included authoritative documents or past research that touched on, or completely focused on issues concerning public policy and free speech.
To avoid the use of unnecessary wording and enable the ease of comprehending the findings, the survey result were presented in tables, whereas interview excerpts were integrated based on the summarized analysis. Other important literature was included in the final report. The purpose of setting the questionnaire using Likert scale was to enable easy analysis of the data. The scale sole purpose is to rate the degree of the respondent agreeable towards a particular statement, and it proved very essential in this study.
Below is the five-point scale, which clearly displays the degree of quantification as used in the questionnaire. 5 Very High 4 High 3 Fair 2 Low 1 Very Low Results Evidence from the valid number of respondent, eighty-two to be precise, adequately pointed out that majority of the sampled population were unsatisfied in the manner which public policy affected free speech and its impact on proposals for free speech politics in the USA. Notable issues stemmed from the way which free speech politics in the USA affects its middle and upper class citizens.
Generally, a considerable proportion of the population felt that the current issue of free speech is not being handled appropriately. Suitability of the Current free speech Public Policy. Fig 2: Suitability of the Current free speech Public Policy. From figure 2 above, it is evident that a 64% level of respondents’ are concerned with the current public policy strategies in regards to free speech. The 36% respondents who reported to have been fully satisfied with the used strategies indicate a very small proportion keeping in mind the sensitivity of the issue.
The influence of current public policy on the production, determination, and accessibility of power Graph 1: Response on whether the current public policy has an influence on the production, determination, and accessibility of power. From graph 1 above it’s evident that 82% of the respondents were of the opinion that the current public policy on free speech has an influence on the production, determination, and accessibility of power. Rating of the effects of public policy on free speech and its negative impacts on the proposals for free speech politics on the USA upper class communities
Graph 2: Rating of whether the public policy affects free speech and whether it negatively impacts on proposals for free speech politics on the USA upper class communities. From the graph, it can be established that 58% of the respondents rated that the public policy does neither affects free speech nor negatively impacts the proposal for free speech policy on the USA upper class communities. Response of whether freedom of speech is an irrelevant element in promoting democracy. Fig 3: Response of whether freedom of speech is an irrelevant element that in promoting democracy.
From the above pie chart majority of respondent felt that freedom is very relevant in ensuring that democracy is upheld. Ethical Consideration The study followed strictly the ethical guidelines and principles associated with those research that involves human participants. In order to fully satisfy the required ethical standard, the study followed a required process. The first stage was planning. This stage was particularly important so as to eliminate any chance of obtaining misguiding result.
In cases whereby the researcher wanted more clarification, a peer review was conducted such as it was the case with the preliminary testing of the questionnaire. It was within this contest that the welfare of the participant had to be guaranteed. The researcher had the responsibility of ensuring that the participant or any other person affected by the finding is free from any unnecessary harm or risk. This obligation, which is commonly referred to as protection from harm, demands that the participant of the study should not only be protected from physical risk but also mental discomfort (Gormen & Freire, 2000).
Regardless of the fact that some studies might actually require the participant to be involved in risky undertaking, this particular study was safe. Despite this, it was imperative for the participating respondent to sign an informed consent form. The form intended to bring to the attention of the respondent, the nature and purpose of the study, what would be expected from them, if they will be exposed to any form of risk and a guarantee that the data will be coded in away that their privacy and identity are protected. By doing so, it was expected that the respondent would be more open to giving their genuine opinion on the matter.
Unlike in some studies, the questionnaires were designed in manner that required the identification of the respondent. Some studies would not require the full informed consent of the participant because, either the questionnaire was anonymous in nature or response was derive through natural observation, and thus no form of harm or identification could be fall the participant (Gormen & Freire, 2000). The guarantee of participant right of privacy that comes along with the signing of the consent form motivated the respondent.
Another benefit that was associated with the signing was the fact that participants were entitled to a summary of the research finding (Gormen & Freire, 2000). Conclusion Clearly the importance of effective public policy with regards to free speech cannot be under-estimated. As portrayed by the response received through the research process a lot needs still to be done. The fact that majority of the respondent felt that free speech will uphold democracy is an indication of how important it is to keep on formulating conducive policy.
Also it can be concluded that majority of the citizens have little faith with existing policies. The only situation whereby public policies seem to have little effect with the exercise of free speech is with regards to upper class society. This therefore indicates that a general inequality exist between the upper and lower. Bearing these facts in mind, this study therefore conclude that the current public policy has an impact on free speech, and also on the proposal of free speech in USA politics.
However various adjustments should be made to make the effects more positive. References Clark. M. , (2000) Research Organization: Harper & Row. N. Y. Cooper & Schilder (1998) ‘Synthesizing Research: Literature Review Guide. Sage Publications. Dingwall R. & Miller G. (1997) ‘Context and Method in Qualitative Research’ Sage. Thousand Oaks. Gormen. C. ,& Freire. (2000). APA guidelines and ethical consideration. F. C. E. New York, New York. Gorman. G. , (2003). Research Methodology: Comprehensive analysis. Vintage Books . N. Y. .