Introduction It was a winter evening of 2011; I was having a conversion with one of my cousin who was an undergraduate student of Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET). The discussion topic was the political instability of Bangladesh, he was kind of frustrated and blaming the political parties because just the day before the discussion his final examination was postponed due to “Hartal” called by the main opposition party. He was tensed about finishing his graduation in time because of this delay.
He had a plan to catch the next semester of a US university for doing his MS over there. But this Hartal issue was made him very anxious that he might not be able to go to USA in time to start the semester. So I could see all of his anger toward the politics and political parties while having the conversation he was saying these political parties and political structure is nothing but a waste of valuable resources of common people, they can’t do any betterment for the country. He said.
“We really need some change; we need new and young leadership instated of this age old politicians and political culture. ” Then I asked him that if he is thinking about bringing new and young leaders in politics then why he doesn’t take the chance, why he doesn’t join in politics. I pointed out that he is well educated and qualified enough to do that. Then he replied, “I would like to join in politics, but can politics give me a secure future? Can the political parties facilitate me enough opportunities to be a potential leader rather than following the family legacy of transferring political power?
Do you think they have internal democracy? Are they going to give me a nomination for national election if I don’t fund them with tons of black money? Do you think they can let me work freely for the betterment of the country? Am I going to get enough support from my family and society if I wish to get involved in active politics? Answer me. ” Well I didn’t have any positive answer for his questions. Because he rose up some burning issues those work as discouraging factors for the young people to join in active politics of Bangladesh.
Well, not only my cousin, I think there are a huge number of young people in our country who have also got similar kind of questions in their mind. These numerous number of young people are very much concern about our existing political culture and political practices. They have strong opinions of their own. Almost all of these young stars are well educated and energetic enough to take the challenge of future and work for the betterment of Bangladesh. But all of them are stuck with the same sort of questions and uncertainty like my cousin regarding the existing political structure.
So though they have proper capability but these structural problems and instability is discouraging them, pulling them back to get involved in active political practices. So they are losing interest in politics. They are not taking it as a profession. They are using their talent and efficiency in other jobs where they can find a secure future and flexible environment rather than politics. As a part of this promising young generation all of these issues also bother me a lot. So I wanted to go deep inside into this problem by choosing this topic for my research project.
I have investigated these issues very closely to know details about the structural problems related to our politics those are faced by our young generation while they want to join in. I have focused on each and every problem possible and I tried to know how young people consider this problems. I have also found out their level of interests about joining in politics. Finally I also got some suggestion from them that what kind of changes in political structures should be brought in to facilitate their way of getting in. Background of the research.
While doing the research on a topic like Politics and Young generation of Bangladesh, I had to consider many factors in my mind and find out background information about this topic like what experts have said or written or published in this topic. I have tried to find out the details about the structural problems related with the existing political structure as well as what experts have said about those problems and possible solution to those problems. Along with the problems I also had to search information about how our young generation is considering the existing political issues.
I had to research on their different opinions through internet sources like blogs, social networks etc. An young writer have posted in blog that how our age old politician and political practices are working as an obstacle for the entrance of young people in politics. “It is unfortunate but true that the average age of the top leaders of all the major political parties have long passed the average age for retirement. In fact, most of the leaders lack vision and the promptness that the country badly needs to face the challenges that the new century throws at its fledgling economy.
An old leadership means, the country will unnecessarily dwell on the past and its leaders will remain indifferent to the world of scientific discovery and innovation. One does not need to go afar to see the ramifications. Young people of our country are growing up indifferent to politics, apathy is growing dangerously fast, the country is run without any vision, a culture of lethargy has been born, a culture in which the government, like an idler, remains passive — instead of having a pro-active role in governance, it only acts when things happen.
This apathy or sheer lethargy also means that the people, especially the young ones, have to shout in order to let their voice be heard. It turns bitter at times, for why else will the citizens have to lay siege to the office of the local government office to demand an adequate supply of fertilisers? (Hussain, 2008). Mahjabeen (2011) reported that “Serious political problem is the main reason that is not letting the country move forward. Political conflict has caused people deprivation in the last three decades.
All we need now is a good leader who can fight against all perils created by the so called political leaders who have turned politics into a profit-making business. We seek leaders who are bold enough to expose the social and political mask of the corrupt leaders; capable to organize young people from the grass-rook level. Social and community leaders who will emerge from the grass-root level working with common people shall believe the age long heritage and traditional roles of Bangladesh and consider the people as human beings. They should not be crazy to hold a big position or to be a parliamentary member or minister.
Genuine leaders are needed who will ensure justice by setting up good governance. ( n. p. ). Areas of Research Conducting a research on politics and young generation is not a small work to do. There are many areas that might come to research. But for my research work I have mainly focused on five areas regarding this issue. Those are: 1) The satisfaction level of young generation about the existing political situation: To conduct my research at the very first I have focused on the satisfaction level of our young people regarding present political situation of our country.
I have tried to find out how they consider the current political condition, are they satisfied about it or not. From the primary data collection (survey) and secondary sources I have found that most of the young people are not satisfied with the current situation. Some of them think current political situation is totally unstable, some of them believe it is currently stable but might be unstable in near future and a very few of them are satisfied with the present condition and considered it as stable.
2) Young people’s interest level to get involved in active politics: My second area of research was to find out the interest level of young people to get involved in the active politics. I have tried to find out that considering the present political environment how much they are interested to join in politics. From the both primary and secondary data sources I have got a result that most of the young people are not interested to join active politics.
I have also marked the issue of student politics and found out that most of them are not interested of student politics and wanted the student politics to be banned from campus. Few young people wanted to join active politics because they believe only young people can bring changes to the present unstable condition of politics. 3) Problems with the existing political structure: In my third area of research I have tried to mark the core structural problems considered by the young people regarding the existing political condition.
While researching in this area from my primary and secondary data sources I have found out many fundamental problems of the Bangladeshi politics like most of the political parties practice functionalism and misuse of power, most of the party personal are highly corrupted, there is no internal democracy and accountability in the political parties, most of the parties give nomination for national election on basis of political influence and black money, most of our parliamentarians are not well educated and efficient enough to make the parliament effective, political parties don’t facilitate enough opportunities for young people and they use them only for their political interest etc. 4) Suggestion of young people regarding the problems: In this research area I have tried to find out the suggestions given by the young people to solve the problems marked by them related to present political situation.
They have given their suggestions for many areas like, political parties must have to ensure internal democracy and accountability, laws and regulations should be properly imposed against corrupted politician, Student council like Daksu, Raksu election should be done, political parties have to facilitate enough opportunities for the young generation and motivate them to join politics for betterment of the country, the parliament have to be effective to make national unity in political and national issues etc.
5) Young people’s interest to get involved in politics if situation gets better: This is my last area of research where I have tried to find out if the existing situation changes and opportunities are created for young people, then what is their interest level to join active politics.
Here I have found that many young people who are currently unsatisfied with politics have showed interested to join in politics. Along with this some young people still didn’t show any interest to get involved in politics. Because they believe the situation might be changed but it won’t be sustainable.
Moreover their families discourage them not to consider politics as a career so they don’t get any inspiration to join in politics and they believe there are lot of other professions that can give them a guaranteed future rather politics. Hypothesis To conduct my research I have fixed a hypothesis. I expect to find out that the current political situation is not suitable for our young generation to join in. There are some structural and core problem in the political system and process. I expect to find out those causes and I also want to prove that the level of interest of our young people is very low to get involved in active politics.
The hypothesis can be express in line like this, “The young generation of Bangladesh is not interested to get involved in the politics because of the current unstable condition and structural problem of it” Methodology This research paper has both descriptive and statistical analysis part so that I can come out with some practical idea about Politics and young generation.
This research’s objective is to find information about the underlining view point of the young generation of Bangladesh about politics and political parties, what they think about it, what are the causes of avoiding it, what are the problems they marks regarding this issue and their interest level about joining active politics. The population: As this research’s target group was young generations so the participants of the conducted survey were selected from various universities and colleges students. For this research my total sample size is thirty.
Most of the students participated in the survey were from 18 to 28 years of old. I have chosen this age group because student politics and active party politics are usually seen in most of the public universities and some colleges, so student group is the representative of that young generation which is exposed to active politics. More over most of the students are aware about the current political situation and political activities. They are most updated and politically aware target group. Primary information: I have gathered necessary information by making questionnaire on the basis of current political scenario and underlining problems regarding this issue.
The questionnaire has different types of questions to get a range of useful data which will help me to gather relevant information about my research. There were 15 questions in that questionnaire. With the help of questionnaire, I tried to find out what are the main problems regarding politics and how much the young people are interested to join in active politics and their suggestions regarding this issue. Secondary information: While doing this research I have taken some secondary data which helped me to understand this concept more clearly. To collect these information, I have used- * Internet websites: I have collected a lot of relevant information about active politics of Bangladesh and young generation from the internet. I have used search engines like Google and Yahoo.
* Books: I have also collected lots of valuable information from books and journals contacting political issues which discussed about the problems of current Bangladeshi politics and the view point of our young people regarding this. These books proved to be very handy for me while doing this report. I used NSU’s library to find these books. Primary Data Presentation & Analysis The questionnaire for this report has 15 questions. These questions are directly related to the research topic. Without these 15 questions there are 3 additional questions to know background of respondent’s demographic information. Sample size for this report is 30. All of them are students from different universities and colleges.
Following are the data and graphical representation with analysis that I have collected from the survey. Data presentation: In the demographic information table, it is observed that among 30 respondents of this survey 21 are male and 09 are female. Their age range in from 18 to 28. All of them are the students of different universities and colleges. Age| Gender| Occupation| 18-28| Male: 21Female: 09Total: 30| Student| Table 1: (Demographic Information) Analysis of Survey Questions: Question # 01 How would you like to describe the present condition of Bangladeshi politics? a) Stable and satisfactory b) Stable but might be unstable in near future c) Unstable but chances are there to make it better d) Unstable and not satisfactory.
Result table: Options| a| b| c| d| Total| Respondents| 0| 6| 9| 15| 30| In %| 0%| 20%| 30%| 50%| 100%| Graphical presentation: Analysis: Here both from the result table and graphical presentation it is observed that, 50% of the total respondents have chosen the option d, which means they have marked the present political condition of the country as unstable and not satisfactory. The 2nd highest percentage is 30% that goes to option c, which reflects that the condition is currently unstable but there are chances to make it better. Then 20% respondents, who have chosen the option b, think that the condition is stable but might be unstable in near future.
No one out of 30 respondents (0%) has chosen the option a, which means none of them thinks that the political condition is stable and satisfactory. Finally from this question analysis, it is found that maximum number of respondent is not satisfied about the current unstable political situation. Question # 02 What do you think about Student politics in Bangladesh? a) It is beneficial for country b) Student politics should include only academic purposes of campus c) Student politics should be empowered by student council like Daksu, Raksu etc. d) Political parties use student politics to achieve political interest, so it should be banned Result table: Options| a| b| c| d| Total| Respondents| 1| 4| 7| 18| 30| In %| 3. 33%| 13. 33%| 23. 33%| 60%| 100%| Graphical presentation: Analysis:
From the 2nd question it is observed that, 60% of the respondents have chosen the option d which reflects that they consider student politics negatively and want it to be banned. Then 23. 33%, who have chosen the option c, thinks that student politics should not be banned but it should be empowered by student council like Daksu, Raksu etc. 4 respondents (13. 33%) out of 30 who have chosen the option b, they think that student politics should be related with academic purpose only. Only 1 respondent or 3. 33% of the total respondents who has chosen the option a, believes that student politics is beneficial for country.
So, from the final analysis of this question it can be said that, majority of the young people don’t want student politics to be existed in the political structure because they believe that student politics is just a way of using the students to achieve political interest of the parties. Question # 03: Do you think Student politics should be allowed in Private universities? a) Yes, it will be helpful to protect the student rights b) Yes, it will be helpful to create some new leader c) No, because it will destroy the peaceful environment of private university campus d) No, because It will cause the session jam Result table: Options| a| b| c| d| Total| Respondents| 5| 2| 17| 6| 30| In %| 16. 67%| 6. 67%| 56. 67%| 20%| 100%| Graphical presentation: Analysis: The highest percentage is 56.
67% here, where 17 respondents have chosen the option c which prompts that student politics should not be allowed in private universities because it will destroy the peaceful environment. Then 20% respondent have chosen the option d, which is the 2nd highest thinks that student politics will cause session jam in the private universities. But there are 16. 67% respondents who consider this issue from a different perspective; they have chosen the option a, which reflects a result that students politics is helpful for protecting the rights of the students. 6. 67% also thinks from a similar perspective, they have chosen the option b that suggests that it student politics is helpful for creating new leaders.
So, finally from this question analysis, it can be said that, maximum (56. 67%) young people don’t want student politics to be allowed in private universities because of its destructive nature of spoiling the educational environment. Question # 04: What is your opinion about the political parties of Bangladesh? a) Most of the parties are so called protector of democracy; they are just greedy for power b) Most of the parties don’t focuses on the public demand c) Most of the party personnel are corrupted d) Most of the parties practice functionalism and misuse of power Result table: Options| a| b| c| d| Total| Respondents| 7| 5| 6| 12| 30| In %| 23. 33%| 16.
66%| 20%| 40%| 100%| Graphical presentation: Analysis: Here, it is observed that 40% respondent have responded to option d, which means this group believes that most of the political parties practice functionalism and misuse of power. Along with this group another group (23. 33%) of respondents responded to option a, that reflects a result that most of the political parties are so called protector of democracy and they are just greedy of political power. Another group with 20% response has chosen the option c that reflects that most of the party personnel are corrupted. The remaining 17% believes that most of the parties don’t focus on public demand.
So the final analysis from this question I have got that, all the young respondent have a very negative consideration about most of the political parties of Bangladesh. Question # 05: What do you think about the opportunities for our young generation to become actively involved in the political parties? a) Political parties facilitate enough opportunities for young politician b) They don’t practice internal democracy so youth people can’t take part in decision making process c) Most of the post of the parties are given on the basis of political influence and grouping d) The whole system is corrupted and young people don’t get chances to get through it. Result table: Options| a| b| c| d| Total|
Respondents| 0| 5| 12| 13| 30| In %| 0%| 16. 67%| 40%| 43. 33%| 100%| Graphical presentation: Analysis: From the table and graphical presentation it is witnessed that, 43% people have chosen the option d, it means these respondents strongly believe that there is no opportunity for young people to get involved into active politics through the corrupted structure of the political parties. Very closer to this group of respondents another bunch of respondents with a value of 40% those who have responded to option c, believe that most of the post of the parties are given on the basis of political influence and grouping so they can’t get through this process. With 16.
67% response level, 5 respondents out of 30 who have chosen the option b, who think that most of the political parties don’t practice internal democracy so youth people can’t take part in decision making process; and finally it’s amazing to see that no one has chosen the option a (0. 00%), it means no respondent thinks that political parties facilitate enough opportunities for young people. So final conclusion of this question analysis is that, all of the young respondent strongly believe that political parties is not an potential and opportunistic choice to get involved into active politics. Question # 06 Do you think the transfer of power in the top level of the political parties follows proper rules? a) Yes, the system is purely democratic.
b) No, because most of the time the transfer of power follows “Poribar Tontro”. c) No, the decisions are usually taken by the party head or chairman only d) No, because there is no internal accountability in the parties. Result table: Options| a| b| c| d| Total| Respondents| 0| 18| 6| 6| 30| In %| 0%| 60%| 20%| 20%| 100%| Graphical presentation: Analysis: In this question respondent was asked about the transfer of power among the top level post of the political parties and 18 out of 30 respondents with a highest percentage of 60% has replied that, the transfer of power usually follows the “Poribar Tontro” or family legacy of leading political families.
Then I found a tie between the option c and d, where two groups of respondents (20% for each group) has responded to the options like political parties has no internal accountability and most of the major decision of the parties usually taken by the party head or chairperson. Like question no 5, No one (0. 00%) has chosen the option a, which implies an option that the power transfer system of political parties is purely democratic. So, finally I got a conclusion that majority of the respondents believes that most of our political parties practice “Poribar Tontro” and there is no democratic decision making process in terms of transferring the power or allocating the party post and positions. Question # 07 What is your opinion about our parliament?
a) It is an effective parliament b) Most of the parliamentarians are not qualified and educated enough c) Our parliament ensures the proper democracy d) Our parliament is example of failure to meet the public expectation Result table: Options| a| b| c| d| Total| Respondents| 1| 11| 0| 18| 30| In %| 3. 33%| 36. 67%| 0. 00%| 60%| 100%| Graphical presentation: Figure 7 Figure 7 Analysis: The main of this question was to find out what our young people think about our parliament and parliamentarians; and amazingly I got a result that, by choosing the option d, 60% of our young respondents responded that our parliament is an example of failure to meet the public expectation. 36.
67 % respondents who have chosen the option b, considered another burning issue that most of the MPs are not qualified and educated enough. Well, only one respondent with 3. 33% of total sample has chosen the option a, that means we have an effective parliament. But no one (0. 00%) thinks that our parliament is able to ensure proper democracy, which was written as option c. so, finally It can be claimed that, majority of our young people don’t consider our parliament as effective and efficient one. Question # 08: Do you think the candidate selection process by the political parties for national elections is fair and transparent? a) Yes, it ensures the right candidate to be selected.
b) No, the process is fully corrupted c) No, it is basically determined on the basis of party funding and mandate trading d) No, because the whole process facilitates the flow of black money and misuse of political influence and power. Result table: Options| a| b| c| d| Total| Respondents| 0| 13| 7| 10| 30| In %| 0. 00%| 43. 33%| 23. 33%| 33. 33%| 100%| Figure 8 Figure 8 Graphical presentation: Analysis: This question was related with nomination process of political parties for different national elections. Here, 43. 33% has chosen the option b, which means this nomination process or candidate selection process is totally corrupted. Another 33.
33% has chosen the option d which prompts a point that through this nomination process political parties facilitate the free flow of black money and misuse of political influence and power. Along with this, 23. 33% respondent choosing the option c believes that the candidates are nominated on the basis of party funding and nomination trading through black money. No responded (0. 00%) have marked this nomination process right. So finally I can say that, majority of our young people consider the nomination process as fully corrupted rather than a fair and transparent one. Question # 09: What do you think our young generation feels about politics and political parties?
a) Political parties encourage functionalism and misuse of political power b) They use young people to achieve their political interest c) Most of the politician is highly corrupted and they encourage corruption d) Political parties and politician is working for the betterment of Bangladesh Result table: Options| a| b| c| d| Total| Respondents| 3| 7| 20| 0| 30| In %| 10%| 23. 33%| 67. 66%| 0. 00%| 100%| Graphical presentation: Analysis: In this question, 20 out of 30 respondents (highest 67. 66%) have chosen the option c, which means they consider that most of the politician are highly corrupted and they encourages corruption. 23. 33% respondents who have chosen option b think that political parties and politician use young people just for achieving political interest.
Another 10% have chosen the option a, believe that political parties encourage functionalism and misuse of political power. There is no remaining respondent that means no one (0. 00%) believes that politician and political parties are working for the betterment of Bangladesh. So in a conclusion of this question analysis, it can be said that all your young people have a very negative feelings and consideration about our political parties and politicians. Question # 10: Does your family encourage you to get involved in active politics? a) Yes, they think it is an honorable profession b) No, because they consider politics as a corrupted and risky profession c) No, because they think it might damage my study.
d) No, because they want me to other job with good salary and guaranteed future Result table: Options| a| b| c| d| Total| Respondents| 0| 15| 5| 10| 30| In %| 0. 00%| 50%| 16. 67%| 33. 33%| 100%| Graphical presentation: Analysis: This question was asked to know whether the young people are encouraged by their family or not to join active politics. In response, 50% have chosen the option b that means they are not encouraged by their families because their families consider politics as a corrupted and risky profession. Along with this, 33. 33% have chosen the option d, it means their families want them to do other job rather than politics which can ensure them a guaranteed future and good salary. 16.
67% respondent has chosen the option c; it means they are not also encouraged by their family because their families believe that politics might damage their study life. There is no remaining respondent (0. 00%) to choose option a, that means none of their family considers politics as an honorable profession. So finally it can be said that, most of our young people are not encouraged by their families to join active politics. Question # 11: While you think of joining politics, what type of situation discouraged you to back off? a) Most of the people disrespect the politician b) Political parties does not facilitate enough opportunities c) Opportunities to have far better profession with good salary and future d) Having a busy and risky life Result table: Options| a| b| c| d| Total|.
Respondents| 15| 5| 3| 7| 30| In %| 50%| 16. 67%| 10%| 23. 33%| 100%| Graphical presentation: Figure 11 Figure 11 Analysis: This question was set to find out the discouraging factors those pull back the young people from joining active politics. Here, 50% respondents have chosen the option a, that reflects the most discouraging factor; most of the people disrespect the politician. 23. 33%, who have chosen the option d; believe that by joining politics they might have to lead a busy and risky life.
Another 16. 67% respondents choosing the option b have marked out a discouraging factor that political parties are not facilitating enough opportunities for them to join in. the remaining 10% respondents (option c) believe that they have opportunities to get far better job with handsome salary and honor rather than politics. So in a final analysis of this question, it can be said that most of our young people don’t consider politics as an honorable profession and they are also discouraged because politics is not able to give them a guaranteed future and risk free life but other available job can do it easily. Question # 12: After answering the above questions and considering the present scenario of Bangladeshi politics, are you interested to get involved in the active politics? a) Yes, I would like to join politics.
b) Yes, because I believe only young people can make it better c) No, I don’t think the condition is well enough to join and it won’t be better in future. d) No, because I think I am ca