The interdependence of the private and public police can be seen clearly through personnel circulation. After the Civil War, federal policing was started and local policing expanded vastly with a shift from the private to the public sector. Private detectives such as Alan Pinkerton introduced covert styles and tactics into the public sector of policing as a contract employees and finally as a direct agents. In recent times, the order of the flow has changed.
The expansion of the undercover tactics in the last decade has made many skilled agents to go private and the private security industry is expanding drastically. Many of those in the private policing business are former military, former national security agents, domestic police agents and other retirees. The limited mobility, not-so-serious hierarchal power and other lucrative incentives are drawing members of the public police into the private police business.
These are people who have gradually acquired control and combat techniques while working for the government and thus can apply them well while working for these private companies. These people who move from the public police domain into the private domain usually have close informal ties with the police officers that they left working in the public police domain. These informal networks serve to integrate both sides of these two domains and as a result the line between them is eventually blurred and many people are quick to note that their attitudes and styles of service delivery have grown more or less the same.
The private police are however more welcome in areas that are experiencing financial problems because as earlier stated, their fees are subject to negotiation. The private police have also solicited the services of the off-duty officers and are prone to exchange relationships or cooperative relationships. They incorporate the state police into their structures because the state police have some added advantages that would make the work of these private police even easier and thus maximizing their profits.
These added advantages of the public police include the mandate to interrogate, carry weapons, use electronic surveillance, use force in some situations and even have access to protected information that would otherwise be inaccessible to these private officers and thus their collaboration with the public police officers becomes a boost to their services. The public police officers also solicit the services of the officers from the private sector as these officers have their advantages over their counterparts.
Most of all, they are resourceful because they can access areas where many public police officers would be highly restricted access such as in most private properties. These officers can also work without warrants and they can also use sophisticated equipment that the public police may not have. Therefore, it is sometimes unavoidable for these two to work together for the common benefit of all and the citizens that they protect.
Equity: The private and the public police are not equal in some aspects because the public police are bound by a lot of protocols and they have to observe, strictly, their levels of hierarchy and they have to consider all these factors before they act upon a certain factor. The private police on the other hand are more of a freelance kind and are not bound by strict rules that their counterparts face.
Their level of hierarchy is at the discretion of their seniors and is not necessarily preset. They are therefore more flexible on their duties and are bound to undertake more duties at their own discretion. The public police have a higher jurisdiction than their counterparts in that they are even at a level of arresting their counterparts in case of any wrong-doing. Shortcomings: The private sector has been vindicated with claims of being only profit oriented.
This means that is possible for them to ignore someone’s pleas and take into consideration the case of someone who is offering good money since for them this is more of a business than a service to the society. The Bill of Rights and related protections restrict the behavior of government agents and do little to mention the private agents. This is seen by many of these private agents as an added advantage as they can easily get away with a lot of misdemeanors in the society since there is no provision in the constitution that covers private interests in the police force.
At the time of its writing, the state was said to be the major threat to liberty and hence the private domain was not put into considerations since its influence at that time was not widely felt. Developing and marketing of surveillance techniques that these people from the private sector of policing use and also the rise of national and international corporations was not envisioned at that time and thus little could be done then.