Hate crimes are among the crimes which threaten the democratic gains which have been made in various societies for a long time. Hate crimes perpetuate hate against different social groups, and causes conflict which is a potential threat to the stability of the society. There have been many incidences of hate crimes which have been reported over the years, and a brief analysis of the trend reveals that it is steadily rising. The number of hate groups is also steadily rising and this is a cause of concern to all people who live in the modern society.
This is because certain forms of hate crimes, especially those motivated by ethnicity have been known to wipe out ethnic communities through clashes such as the Rwandan genocide. There are various challenges which face the issue of tackling hate crimes, and most of these originate from the controversy surrounding the hate crime laws. The challenges also emanate from the difficulty of proving that crimes committed were actually motivated by hate, as opposed to any other motive.
The widespread practice of hate crimes also proves to be a challenge in tackling this vice, since it is deeply entrenched in the society; From the schools which children attend, to political and religious institutions that adults participate in. It is therefore very important that the issue of hate crime be analyzed with a view of understanding it better and coming up with solutions to this problem. This paper aims at analyzing hate crime in the United States with the major focus being the motivators of this type of crime.
However, different forms of hate crimes and other issues relating to hate crimes are also analyzed, with a view of understanding this issue better. Statistics on the occurrence of hate crimes are also given to support evidence used in the research. A research which focuses on hate crime which is motivated by sexuality is used to prove the widespread presence of hate crime. Finally, the paper gives a brief conclusion and recommendation on the issues discussed. Scope of research. The research is limited to hate crime which occurs in the United States.
This is due to the reason that hate crime is a very wide topic and it is difficult to get a global perspective of the issue. However, some of the materials used in the research, including academic journals and books, originate from other countries where hate crime is predominant. The research is also limited to motivators of hate crimes although various aspects which involve hate crimes beyond these motivators are also analyzed in the paper. Finally, the research carried out specifically analyzes the hate crime which is specifically motivated by sexuality.
Statement of hypotheses. This research paper has two research hypotheses; The first hypotheses is whether hate crime is a serious problem in the united states. The second is if the problem is adequately being rectified, if found to be a serious problem. Introduction. There has been an unprecedented increase in hate crimes in the US and other parts of the world. These crimes have been committed by people who are of the opinion that certain social groups are inferior to them due to one reason or another.
Hate crimes are criminal acts which are committed against a person due to their membership to certain social groups which are defined by religion, race, sexual orientation, ethnicity, disability, age, nationality, gender identity, gender or political affiliation. According to Jenness and Broad, (2006), there are two basic types of hate crimes and the first involves criminal acts which are perpetuated against other people due to the fact that the victim belongs to one of the groups which have been listed above.
The second type of hate crime involves giving a speech which is viewed to be criminal in nature against a victim due to their involvement in one of the groups which have been listed above. Hate crimes are not usually debated by people since they are viewed to be isolated incidents. These crimes may include physical assault, bullying, damage to property, verbal insults or abuse and offensive letters or graffiti. However, hate speeches are usually controversial since they are viewed by some people as abuse of speech, whiles viewed by the rest as an abuse of this freedom.