Illegal migration has been a burning topic across the world. There are a lot of views around this topic, and it is considered as a crisis because of the issues it causes. Illegal migration refers to the movement of people from one place or a country to another place or country without a permission. (eSchooltoday, 2019). Illegal migration is hard to track because it is done mainly in a clandestine way, and the data to show its rate might be difficult to get. However, according to Migration Data Portal, (2019), 1 million illegal migrants have entered Europe by land and sea in 2015, and It is estimated that 11.3 million illegal migrants were living in the United States of America in 2016. On the other hand, 17,000 to 20,000 illegal migrants from both East Africa and Horn of Africa were estimated to be smuggled to South Africa. Numerous individuals believe that world leaders have failed to control illegal migration on account of the issues it causes, such as expansion of terrorism, human trafficking and spread of infectious diseases. However, others claim that illegal migration is a short way that people use to move from their origin countries to their destinations after being discriminated or persecuted.
One of the issues linked to Illegal migration is terrorism and the spread of its ideology. Terrorists move from one country to another to complete their attack missions by passing through illegal entry points. Some of them enter the countries of destination with fake documents. According to the data collected by START in 2014, 16,800 terrorist attacks took place in different places of the world. As a result, 43, 500 people were died, 40, 900 were injured and 11, 180 people were taken hostages during those attacks. (Miller, 2015, P. 1). In the same year, Islamic State had 30, 000 foreign terrorists who joined the fight in Syria, and they were from more than 100 countries. On the other side, Islamic State claimed have many wilayats that it controls worldwide with 6 to 8 million fighters in different countries, such as Nigeria, Afghanistan and Philippines, etc. (Schmid, A.P., 2014). In addition, in 2015, Islamic state has claimed to be responsible of the attack that took the lives of 130 people and 494 injured in Paris, France. (Cable News Network, 2018). According to the information above, it is obvious that terrorists enter countries of destination without passing into border check points as the fear the border authorities. Therefore, illegal migration should be banned as it facilitates terrorists to accomplish their attack missions as well as spreading the terrorism ideology overseas.
Furthermore, human trafficking is a second issue associated with illegal migration. Due to different factors, such as wars, persecutions, economy crisis, etc. many people decide to leave their origin countries expecting to get better life, security and peace abroad. Consequently, many of these people end up in the hands of human smugglers. Human trafficking is facilitated by the illegal entry into the country of the destination. Many illegal migrants can be easily smuggled as they do not have legal residency documents of the countries, they entered in. It is hard to know the number of illegal migrants smuggled due to its complexity. However, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and crimes, every year, 55, 000 migrants from East, North and West Africa are estimated to be smuggled into Europe, and smugglers get $150 millions each as a revenue. The information above shows that smuggling illegal migrants has become a business for smugglers, which is against the human rights. If illegal migrants are smuggled for business purposes, then, they are treated as goods. As a result, it puts the lives in dangers all the way to their destinations. Therefore, international human right organizations and governments should work together to eradicate this issue as it is a global concern.
Additionally, illegal migration facilitates the spread of infectious diseases. Healthcare status of illegal migrants is believed to be not well. This is because migrants are from countries with weak healthcare systems. Due to the fact illegal migrants do not pass through the official borders, they are likely to spread the infectious diseases within the hosting countries. In 2013, Ebola was carried from Guinea to Sierra Leone and Liberia, and illegal migration was one of the ways that helped Ebola to take over Sierra Leone and Liberia. Even though the governments of Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia closed their borders during the Ebola outbreak period, there were clandestine entries that illegal used to enter one of these three countries. As the result, it worsened the situation as the spread of Ebola kept increasing. (Kilberg, 2014).
Even though illegal migration is a crime, illegal migrants use it as the option to save their lives from the danger. There are factors that forcibly promote illegal migrants to leave their countries, such as push and pull factors. Natural disasters, economic crisis, wars, discriminations, hunger… are under push factors, and they are the major causes of illegal migration. On the other side, pull factors includes better conditions that illegal migrants expect to get in the countries of their destinations, such as better jobs, good healthcare services, food, etc. (Kari, Malasowe and Collins, 2017, P.2). Illegal migrants are human beings, and they are the right to life. Thus, they should not be perceived as criminals because the reason why they pass through unlawful entry points is to save their lives from dangers within their home countries. Therefore, hosting countries should feel their pain and save their lives.
Illegal migration is a big issue to the world, and it seems neglected by world leaders. Even though is it challenging to get the number of migrants involved in this unlawful movements, it is estimated that thousands of migrants have left their home countries as the result of bad governance, economic crisis and endless wars, persecutions and discriminations. Furthermore, illegal migrants have been pointed out by natives to be the sources of different issues, such as terrorism, human trafficking and infectious diseases. Therefore, due to the fact that illegal migrants do not have legal documents, they end up in prisons in the countries of their destinations.