Through globalization, the movement of one person from one country to another is viable. In addition, foreign policies and international laws have made the movement of people easier provided that legal documents have been completed. The free travel or movements of people are, however, for the purposes of mutual benefit of the people and the country. Unfortunately, several people are being engaged in perilous journey as they are being used only for the benefit of the people transporting them.
Aside from having no legal papers, they also have no legal purpose in moving to another country. This scenario is referred to as human trafficking. Human trafficking has been growing overtime and the range is also widening as it is penetrating globally. Through the concept of the activity it has been regarded as a crime, basically also because it violates the victim’s human rights. Since it is has a global impact, it also requires a global solution. Human Trafficking
According to the Protocol of United Nations, human trafficking is’ “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring, or receipt of persons by threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim for exploitation, which includes exploiting the prostitution of others, sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery or similar practices, and the removal of organs” (Bales 129).
From the definition purported and from the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2002, human trafficking has two forms namely; sex trafficking and trafficking for forced labor purposes (“Trafficking in Persons Report”). In sex trafficking, the persons being recruited or transported are coerced to engage in commercial sex. The other form of trafficking involves are subjected to forced labor, slavery, as debt bondage, and others (“Trafficking in Persons Report”). Meanwhile, most of the people being illegally transported are moved to America.
According to research, there are mostly 14, 500 to 17,500, primarily women and children being trafficked in the American soil annually (“2007 U. S. Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report”). Being the favorite destination of human trafficking, United States has initiated a move and committed to combat human trafficking both within the country and abroad. In Human Trafficking, the United States has enacted laws that will punish and lays down rules in dealing with the problem. More importantly, United States, through its foreign policies, has played the role of initiating a serious move in solving the problem.
Notably, human trafficking exists because of the people or group of people, organized and not organized, who are continuously benefiting from it. In engaging in such activities, the people behind it are benefiting from the price of the victim’s service. It is noteworthy that people being trafficked are considered as commodity that is being brought and sold to another. Hence, the main objective of human trafficking for those engaged in such illegal activity is to earn money. Another group of people who benefits from human trafficking are those exploiting the victim for a cheaper labor.
Notably, those victims of human trafficking are forced to do works against their will. The people who harbor the victims benefit from it because they have someone that they can treat as slaves. Basically, human trafficking is a crime because it violates the victims’ human rights. Every citizen that exists in this world is given freedom to life, liberty, and security. In human trafficking, these basic rights are violated. The victim’s right to freedom is violated when they are placed under the control of another or enslaved without their will. Even if the victim has consented, the victim’s right to freedom should be respected.
Another right is life. At present, human trafficking has also engaged activities of selling some of their body parts. The most common and known in today’s trend is selling kidney for only a meager amount. By selling the kidney, the life of the victim is in danger. Furthermore, the safety of the victims of human trafficking is in peril because they are being transferred to a place they are not familiar with. They are also exposed to dangerous environment like bars and squatter’s areas and to any place where the law enforcer will not trace them and where illegal transactions always are carried out.
Due to the increasing number of victims and the countries penetrated by human trafficking, it has already extending to its global reach. In addition, since the problem has become a global problem, it follows that solving the problem should also be global. The leading organ resolving the problem is the United Nations. In the resolution of human trafficking, United Nations has the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children (“UN Human Trafficking Protocol Endorsed”). The protocol contained strong law enforcement provisions that can be used in suppressing human trafficking.
Aside from that, the protocol has finally defined the term trafficking in persons which could effectively helpful in the prosecution of the human trafficking crime. Surprisingly, the protocol did not give the governments with responsibility to provide services to the victims of human trafficking (“UN Human Trafficking Protocol Endorsed”). Such services that are not expressly made available to the victims of human trafficking includes, shelter, medical and legal services, cease arresting, and many more (“UN Human Trafficking Protocol Endorsed”).
However, the protocol has required all governments to mandatorily commit and support the rights of the human trafficking victim. In U. S. , the law passed that deals with the problem on human trafficking is the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000 (“Trafficking in Persons Report”). The law has remarkably extended the forms of human trafficking. Under the said law, forms of human trafficking are sex trafficking being induced to commercial sex and labor service in exchange of the victims of human trafficking.
The law also allows victims to stay in US to prosecute the case and to receive assistance from state and federal government. Above all, it encourages other nations to comply with human trafficking laws and implement measures to end the problem. The joint laws of the UN and US are perceived to resolve the global problem in human trafficking. Conclusion Human trafficking is an evolving global problem. In the early days, the number of people victimized by the illegal activity has not been perceived.
Through time, the damage that human trafficking can do to the lives of the victims and to the world has been discovered. Aside from that, human trafficking violates human rights that strongly imperil the life of the human trafficking victims. In response, both UN and US has initiated the move and commitment to suppress human trafficking. In addition, severe punishments have been provided for the criminals. Since human trafficking has become a global problem, a global commitment and action is needed to effectively end the problem. Works cited
Bales, Kevin. Understanding global slavery: a reader. California: University of California Press, 2005. “Trafficking in Persons Report. ” 2008. US Department of State. 7 April 2009 <http://www. state. gov/g/tip/rls/tiprpt/>. “UN Human Trafficking Protocol Endorsed. ” 2001. Preda Foundation, Inc. 7 April 2009 <http://www. preda. org/archives/2001/link1100-0101copy2. html>. “2007 U. S. Department of State Trafficking in Persons Report. ” 2008. Human Trafficking. Org. 7 April 2009 <http://www. humantrafficking. org/countries/united_states_of_america>.