Environmental policies at the international level are very much hard to pass due to various reasons like constitutional conflict, lack of budget, and selfish interest on the part of the concerned countries. The growing negative effects of pollution to various stake holders of the global community already reached its alarming state and starts calling the attention of various international groups. Furthermore, environmental regulations are only being regarded by many developed countries as a compromise to their comparative economic advantage.
Efforts on minimizing the level of pollution around the globe would be impossible to addressed if there will only be a few countries that will take the initiative and ready take sacrifices since pollution is a transnational issue that needs optimal collaboration between concerned countries of the global community. Regional economic integration would be the least way in order to address the issue concerning pollution in the global community and one great example for this scenario would be the establishment of the European Union which led to easy implementation of environmental regulation on the European Region.
Actually, the main reason for the establishment of the European Union, formerly the European Community, was to provide enough room for every member of the European Community to recover economically in no time from the negative effects of World War II to European Community’s economic stability. But the said establishment of the European Union also gave way for the easy implementation of environmental regulation on a large scale as its member countries are now forced to follow the laws and policies that the European Parliament and Council agreed upon.
Since then, passing of various laws and policies concerning the European Region are now easily achieved. Volumes of environmental regulations and policies have been passed since the establishment of the European Union and a few of these environmental regulations will be discussed later as the discussion moves on. In order to efficiently generate policies, specifically environmental regulations, the European Commission created the European Environment Bureau composed by various national environment groups from the member countries of the European Union to solicit ideas and information during the primary stage of environment policy formulation.
Code of Conduct on Efficiency of External Power Supplies Energy consumption has been one of the major concerns of most members of the European Union for it causes major financial losses. Furthermore, some of the energy produced on most member countries of the European Union uses oil-powered energy plants which emit significant amounts of carbon to the atmosphere. There has been profound correlation between the high energy consumption to the carbon emission of most power plants of the member countries of the European Union.
In this regard, the European Commission passed the Code of Conduct on Efficiency of External Power Supplies last 2000 which would potentially provide the European Union with 500 million Euro cost of energy saving annually (Re. jrc. ec. europa. eu 2). As for the scope of this policy, it covers all external power supplies for electrical and electronic appliances such as AC adapters, mobile phone’s battery chargers, and the likes that have an input power ranging from 0. 3W to 75W.
Appliance manufacturers are left with no choice but to abide with this policy of the European Commission and start aligning their products with the specifications for external power supplies of their appliances. As for those companies that are not responsible for the production of power supplies, they are being required by the European Commission to include the concept of no-load energy consumption minimization in their purchasing procedures of power supplies.
All member countries that signed into this policy requires by the European Commission an annual report regarding the ratio of the total number of appliances that uses external power supplies models and the total number of model that a manufacturer produces every year. With this Code of Conduct Policy on Efficiency of External Power Supplies would provide enough room for the member countries of the European Union to minimize their energy consumption per year which eventually leads to the deterioration of their carbon emission level that various power plants provides to the atmosphere and environment as a whole.