The components of the criminal justice system are the police, correction agency, and the criminal courts. The criminal justice system is in place because of crime that takes place everywhere in the world. Laws differ from state to state but all types of crimes happen everywhere and the consequences for committing those crimes vary depending on where it was committed. Crime is an act or the commission of an act forbidden or the omission of a duty that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law, (An Encyclopedia Britannica Company, 2011).
The government makes the laws and the police (FBI, CIA, ect..) help to bring in people who are accused of breaking those laws. The relationship between law and crime is that without the law crimes would not be punishable and the world would be in chaos. The first component of the criminal justice system is the police. The police are there to enforce the law, investigate crimes, and apprehend offenders. The criminal courts conduct trials, ensure due process, and determine guilt, or innocence. The criminal court trails was designed so that all the evidence can be reviewed and the person charged can either be found guilty or not guilty.
The correctional agencies carry out the sentences given by the courts, rehabilitates, reforms, and reintegrate the offenders back into the community. These are some examples of what each component of criminal justice does. These components work together as they avoid world chaos, and maintain some type of normality. Each component has its own set goals to accomplish and each component is responsible to keep everything organized. Organized in the sense that the police will investigate a crime and if enough evidence is obtained the offender is arrested, and has to go to court to make a plea and it is up to the courts to determine if the offender is guilty or not.
If the offender is guilty he will probably go to jail and then it is up to the correction agency to help the offender be better in society when the jail time is completed. The two most common models of how society determines which acts are criminal are the consensus model and the conflict model. The consensus model is when people come together as a society those people have a theory on what normal and right values are, (Schmalleger, 2009). People who do not follow those rules or who do not follow the normal way of life with the values that are considered to be good are those people who are punished.
Those that do not agree with the consensus model are in the conflict model. The conflict model is made up of different classes of people. Gender, income, age, and race are all different and they may believe that there is a norm but that the values are different, (Schmalleger, 2009).
When the values and beliefs are different the conflict model group has a hard time agreeing and struggle with control of society. In the consensus model different people decide that they can have the same values and beliefs about right and wrong so when they decide that their thoughts are different Theiler laws change to reflect that. In the conflict model it is a battle to agree on right from wrong because of the different beliefs or values regarding right and wrong therefore, "criminal activity is decided on by the group that has the most political power at the time," (Schmalleger, 2011).
The conflict group may have more power because of the differences in status of the people. There are three branches of the government that work together to handle and prevent crime. The legislative branch makes the laws consisting of the Congress of the United States that has the House of Representatives and the Senate. The Judiciary branch is the president who approves the laws the legislative branch makes. The judicial branch that consists of the Supreme Court takes on the cases that have been passed on by local and state courts for reasons such as a hung jury and appeals.
The branches of government are followed by the agencies governed to enforce the law such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Secret Service, and CIA such to name a few. The government is complex and the structure is designed to help prevent crime. This structure is not perfect but it should be trusted to work. Even though laws vary state to state the overall concept is the same. Less crime means less people getting hurt and less chance of overcrowded jails.
Reference An Encyclopedia Britannica Company. (2011). Merriam-Webster. Retrieved March 30, 2011 from Merriam-Webster, Inc: http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/crime Schmalleger, F. J. (2009). Criminal Justice Today (10th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ. Pearson/Prentice