The table above shows a worrying precedent that proves that despite women’s contribution to the criminal justice system over the past decades, gender equality is yet to be achieved in job distribution. This is the main source of the major problem facing women in the criminal Justice system. The fact that there is no gender equality and equity in job promotions and salary increment discourage female lawyers in the prospect of career growth. Matters may be looking up in the administrative positions of law schools, but as Feinman (1994) notes, “Women continue to be at a disadvantage….
Once admitted, they are advised to steer clear of feminine matters. ” CORRECTION FACILITIES Women make up 35% of the Corrections’ Employees throughout the United States (Gondles, 2005). Of this 23% are either superintends or wardens. Another 35% work in the administration departments. Just as the police force, women started working in corrections just recently. When the women embarked in working in correction facilities, they were full of zeal for reform. This is noted by Feinman (1994) who notes “Women entered corrections as reformers at an age of growing social problems and rapid social changes.
They therefore had enormous zeal for reform. ”Nevertheless, their unique contribution is evident to all especially because they also acted as teachers, home makers, business professionals, managers among other corrective roles. Strengths: Correction facilities are meant to help inmates re-evaluate their lives and help them re-integrate back into the society. Women working in corrections serve different purposes for both the male and female corrections. In male corrections, the presence of the women officers plays a vital role in changing the inmate’s perception.
By the end of their prison term, the male inmates are most likely to have learned about how to establish positive, non-sexual and non-violent interactions with people of the opposite sex. The presence of female officers also provides the male inmates with inspirational role models and serves to prepare them for the real world. Women are able to diffuse the macho environments created in the men prisons. To this end, female officers help make the prisons more relaxed. Women officers are able to amicably manage conflicts/disputes that occur within the corrections.
Women have proved better than men in solving problems and are good managers while on the other hand men are more inclined to use force as a means of conflict/dispute resolution. They are also more sensitive to the general welfare of the inmates. As a result women officers are more likely to act ethically and professionally than their male counterparts. Weaknesses: Among the weaknesses that female officers may be exposed to when working in corrections is developing inappropriate relations with the inmates.
This raises the probability of entering with unethical sexual relationships with an inmate (corrections. govt. nz, 2004). However, it is for the female correction officer to employ jurisprudence in handling the inmate in order to avoid such instances. The different perceptions between men and women may also bring forth a contradiction, which may cause misunderstanding between the inmates and the officer. The misunderstanding may put the female officer at risk. Apart from this, the female officer may not know how to manage the inmate properly and as a result, she may inadvertently offend the inmates.
In the United States, the number of assaults directed to the correction officers stand at 33,000 annually. This translates to an average 88 assaults per day (Spinaris, 2004). In such instances, female officers stand more chances of falling victims to the assaults. This is even worsened by the fact that females are generally physically weaker than the men. Some inmates may refuse to take orders from female officers, thus forcing the correction officers to ask for male officers backing whenever such an incident occurs.
In women corrections, female officers have less challenges but the responsibility is just as equal as that employed in the male corrections. In women corrections, the female officers are charged with the responsibility of guiding the female inmates towards rehabilitation and re-integration into the public (corrections. govt. nz, 2004). ) They also take up mentoring roles in order to ensure that the inmates do not loose hope of ever experiencing life as it was before they were convicted of crimes.