The criminal justice system has gone through many changes throughout the past decades. Throughout its journey the criminal justice system has been reformed numerous times striving to perfect its process. Because of the numerous changes to the format it has been expanded and is unrecognizable from the days when crude management and organizational theories were first developed and conceived.
In this document I will compare the use of privatization, e-corporation, and militarization of criminal justice organizations with current organizational structures, historical and traditional organizational behavior theories, and explain how theories of motivation affect criminal justice organizations.
What is an organization and its purpose? The purpose of an organization is to combine its resources, and maximize its manpower in the best possible fashion so that organization can get the desired results with maximum efficiency. After years of trial and error the criminal justice system has adapted its thought process and embraced commercialization and privatization of its core. Throughout the years the criminal justice system has heard the voice of the community and the peoples cry for justice due to the lack of personal responsibility taken by criminal justice professionals from inefficient community policing to corrupt law enforcement.
Because the government has heard the overwhelming concern for its criminal justice departments they have allowed privatized companies to spearhead the proceedings. There has been an influx and privately owned law enforcement companies and agencies. Private law enforcement professionals are estimated to outnumber public servants 3 to 1.
Research has shown that privatization of criminal justice is an effective way of reducing cost and recidivism. Government agencies are able to contract privatized correctional facility, policing agencies and other forms of criminal justice. The government's main reason for contracting with privatized organization is to efficiently manage their resources and maximize their efficiency. This consists of our government contracting with private police organizations who are held responsible for CSI work, parking enforcement, communications, accounting, maintenance, investigation background checks and etc. a bigger aspect of what our government privatizing law enforcement today is in our correctional facilities. Within these facilities every aspect of a correctional facility is controlled by the private company who holds the government contracts. Every aspect of the facility is outsourced to these private companies from maintenance to vocational training.
Militarization is the use of force for the effective ruling of a population. Not only is a force used to resolve policy issues, but also to control the people (Simpson, 2009). Using this definition the police may gain a status of power. This power is perceived by society at a cost because this method of power defies humane rights, democracy, and law mechanisms. If the government was to utilize the militarization control society would have a hard time accepting such violations of their civil right.
The use of militarization in the criminal justice field would have a negative effect. Militarization would undermine women's equality, the effectiveness of civil policing and the loss of protection for communities.
What are E-Corporation, they are institutions that are managed and are responsible to the stakeholders they are privately or publicly owned and usually dealing technologies. How does E-company translate into the criminal justice world? E-corporations in the criminal justice world usually are comprised of computer technologies that insist on utilizing extremely skilled technicians to maintain its optimal performance. These companies can be compared to companies like Kerpersky who specialize in antivirus software.
Like Kerpersky these E-corporation specialized in securing sensitive information privy only to law enforcement. Without the corporations law enforcement agencies would not be able to protect sensitive information from novice hackers. This would compromise any sensitive information collected by law enforcement agencies creating strain on the entire criminal justice system.
Criminal motivational theories include such theories as self-determination theory, in this theory individuals receive more of an intrinsic value by accomplishing the mission. Getting your man or criminal can be a great feeling of accomplishment and very self-motivated. As far as extrinsic alley you I believe the majority of the criminal justice professions have great retirement plans and an individual can work hard towards achieving that goal.
Another theory is the goal setting theory this theory applies to the criminal justice field by motivating the individuals to be part of a team and to accomplish the mission they are given regardless on the difficulty of the task I myself find meaningless task and complacent work to be daunting I find myself being bored out of my mind when I am challenged my day goes by so much quicker and at the end of the day I feel more productive as an officer.
The final theory I’d like to discuss the two factors theory. In the criminal justice field employees must feel like they have the opportunity to advance their positions within the department or facility otherwise they become unmotivated and jaded. Allowing the chance for advancement within the fields you the employee a sense of satisfaction in achieving higher position. Also ensuring that your employee has job security is a great motivator for individuals to continue excelling at their positions.
In conclusion, privatization of criminal justice is an efficient means in reducing recidivism and is cost-efficient it involves rewarding contracts to private companies for policing, incarceration, and other aspects of criminal justice. Militarization is the use of force for the effective ruling of a population.
E-corporations in the criminal justice world usually are comprised of computer technologies that insist on utilizing extremely skilled technicians to maintain its optimal performance. All supervisors in the criminal justice field should have a firm grasp on the theories of motivation. Supervisors should maintain these theories to create positive motivation for their subordinates especially in the criminal justice field where rewards are far and few between and the act of self-motivation is imperative to accomplishing the mission.
Benson, B. L. (1996). Privatization in criminal justice. Retrieved from http://heartland.org/sites/all/modules/custom/heartland_migration/files/pdfs/6032.pdf
(2014). Organizational Behavior- Chapter 5. Retrieved from https://new.edu/resources/theories-of-motivation--3.
Hoban, J. E. (2013). polieone.com . Retrieved from http://www.policeone.com/militarization/articles/6383533-Police-militarization-and-the-Ethical-Warrior/