Civil cases and crime cases are within the purview of Municipal Law Enforcement Agency and justice for non-guilty and punishment for guilty are the basic activities of a public sector body. This autonomous body has every right to punish and penalize and also enforce its laws on public in order to strengthen law and justice in respective states of government. This paper details a criminal justice program and policy for a Municipal Law Enforcement Agency and offers a complete guideline to act and implement ethical and justice policies. Introduction
Policy making for implementing criminal justice at various levels in society requires various strategies and legal procedures and laws in order to enforce the same on the public. Municipal laws include compliance with transport laws, society laws, public laws and property laws. First objectives and goals of agency have to be prepared followed by its policies which are based on ethics to protect social laws and order system within the society. A responsibility to safeguard the interests and rights of citizens and to have perfect freedom that is acceptable to the State laws and complete compliance to the rights as a citizen.
Each officer employed in Muncipal Law Enforcement Agency has absolute powers to exercise in order to detect crime and punish crime. Some of the crimes that fall within the limitations of MLFA are violation of property crimes such as unlawful seize of property, unlawful occupation of premises, unlawful occupation of government premises, untidy premises or non-payment of taxes on property, vehicle or any other violation of law detailed by MLFA. Every enforcement officer has a right to punish the guilty and enforce laws.
Further personnel of MLFA have to act upon the instructions of senior officers. Literature Review Street crime has been prevalent for many years and under Municipal laws street crimes are severely punishable. Street crimes include, attempt to murder in public, sabotage of property, hostage and ransom, wrong car or vehicle parking, blowing whistles causing panic and phobia for pedestrians or burglary in trains, buses or vehicles. The term “moral panic” was coined by Stanley Cohen (1972) and media or some other groups create moral panic for more publicity and attention.
Moral panics are mostly present in street crimes and the presence of violence is prevalent in American society as argued by Stuart Scheingold in The politics of law and order (1984). Further it is also important to assess whether MLFA is established whether on ethical grounds or on ideological grounds as the difference between the two has to be calculated and a philosophical analysis has to be made to protect the morality on which the policy of MLFA is based. As Meier states that everyone is an “expert” on morality (1994 in Mooney 2001:116) Methods
What are the methods and policy implementations that have to be carried out by MLEA. The first part of policy states that MLEA must have certain general principles such as maintenance of perfect social law and order system in the city and as well as in suburbs. The second part details about objectives and priorities, third part methods to be implemented and authority made available to the 250 officers of MLEA and 100 personnel. A clear detailing report on duties and responsibilities to each employee of MLEA. The fourth part details as to how the law is enforced on crimes viz.
, street crime, theft, property crime, social crime and any other crime that is within the limitation of Municipal law. Each crime must have a separate punishment and penalty depending on the degree and depth of loss incurred by plaintiff. Fifth part is about officers authority to control the legal system. Sixth part is about effective working of officers and improvisation strategies. Seventh part is about provision of adequate resources to the officers for the effective and on-time working in various public places.
Eight part is about the performance of officers in the criminal justice program. Ninth part details about the feedback received by MLEA from public about the working system of Municipal Law Enforcement Agency detailing various opinions through email and telephones. The last part is about evaluation of Municipal Law Enforcement Agency on half-yearly or yearly basis to strengthen its working and to ensure more strict awareness among common public about unlawful activities. Results
This criminal justice program is aimed towards protection of ethics and morals and against misuse of public systems by political favors, religious favors or for spreading any communal disharmony. This program is also aimed at those who with the motive of money, commit unlawful and unethical acts. Some of the criminals lack education and are unemployed. Public processions, corporate strikes, traffic jams on public roads, spread of panic and fear causing a great disturbance to the life style of a common man.
Laws are enforced for each and every public crime by Enforcement Agency under the authority of Government. The Agency has complete powers to prevent, take under custody, detect crime, punish the guilty and to prevent the occurrence of crime. Further election time is the most crucial time wherein Enforcement Agency need to control the public at the time of election campaign by various politicians. Protecting the lives of innocent citizens and punishing the guilty is the highest ethical standard in criminal justice program.
Appropriate evidence, witness and the benefit and advantage of forensic science must be used in order to safe guard the lives of innocent people. Discussion The first part of general principles must explain the importance of Enforcement Agency and the scope of standards and the significance of its activities. The second part must detail major responsibilities of officers, responsibilities towards community, general terms and conditions to keep and maintain law and order. The fourth part details about the enforcement of each crime.
A law abiding punishment for each crime that is against and outside the social law and order. The fifth part carries details about the officers authority to enforce legal compliance and in this effort, officers cannot perform any act outside the limitations of Enforcement Agency and in the capacity of an officer or a personnel. The sixth part must detail about the performance of each officer and how improvements can be made, what new strategies can be introduced for effective working of officers.
Officers must act in bonafide and professionally in good conduct and must not yield to bribery or any personal favor. The seventh part details about resources to be provided to officers such as alarm systems, ambulances, wireless phones, spy cameras, licensed weapons or any electronic systems required by officers to use in the hour of crisis. The eighth part of the program is about the performance of each officer which helps officers to consider more training wherever required for effective working. There must be scope for self-assessment and also a strategy to make improvement on individual level.
The tenth part of the program is about the overall performance of Municipal Law Enforcement Agency that evaluates the half-yearly working or yearly working detailing about crime cases held, detected crimes, criminals punished and the statistics of crimes in state or city. A complete report which includes text, figures, graphs must be recorded as a reference and must be approved by the senior authorities. Conclusion Prison management is a huge tasks which necessitates high intelligence systems at every level.
Law Enforcement Agencies have to be on high alert at all times and never leave any scope for infringement of social systems or laws. Therefore criminal justice programs have to be designed in an ethical model instead of taking steps for implementing adhoc policies, arbitrary policies or that are not rational in the interest of public. A vast responsibility is also shouldered on the Enforcement Officers who must be well trained, highly intelligent and must carry well-equipped electronic systems to attack criminals mostly in public areas, viz.
, airports, buses, trains, traffic areas, shopping malls, amusement and entertainment areas. These officers must be remunerated well as officers have to work and travel extensively while on investigation. Promotion of such Law Enforcement Agencies would increase the public and social security and it will also discourage the criminals to undertake unlawful practices and activities which cause a great insecurity among citizens. References American Bar Association, Criminal Justice Standards Accessed 14 April 2009 http://www. abanet. org/crimjust/standards/urbanpolice. html Cyndi Banks
Criminal justice ethics Accessed 14 April 2009 http://books. google. co. in/books? id=kwOHPCNaInoC&pg=PA171&lpg=PA171&dq=a+criminal+justice+ethics+policy+and+program&source=bl&ots=L8ydvLEJkc&sig=5FIqIi2ZGpmgAuMIiGpYSKdTPi0&hl=en&ei=Fm_kSbz5DI-BkQXNp7zVCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7 William Ogilvie An Essay on the Right of Property in Land Accessed 14 April 2009 http://books. google. co. in/books? id=OI40AAAAIAAJ&dq=what+are+municipal+laws&printsec=frontcover&source=bl&ots=9kazbgwnZj&sig=wuOYmHH6SC6m5ixU4mLV_fvKqPg&hl=en&ei=onbkSfaoFsuXkQWSyN3dCw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=4