Outside the realm of judicial justice system, the juveniles are also affected by neglect of their other basic and fundamental rights. This call for a realization that every minor has both legal and fundamental human rights which must be observed and granted free of charge just as is the case with adults. The United Nations Declaration of fundamental Human Rights expressly expounds children rights and states that equality of all, regardless of their race, color, physical or mental inability, religious orientation, or any other differentials, must be a preliquisite if harmonious cohabitation is to be realized.
In emphasis to this, there are several proposed fundamental principles that must be adhered to so that the plight of the juvenile rights is observed (Lou, 2005, p. 125). Conclusion and Recommendations First, there should be a concise understanding that juvenile delinquency prevention is an integral part of crime prevention in every society. Juvenile will in most cases develop a non-criminal attitudes if law and socially beneficial activities engagement, with a humanistic social orientation becomes the order of the day.
Secondly, it must be understood that for juvenile delinquency to be successfully prevented, the entire society ought to combine all the efforts so as to ensure that adolescents are harmoniously developed. This must involve respect and personality promotion since their early childhood years. The focus of any program that is prevention oriented in nature should aim at implementing the prescribed guidelines according to the national legal systems from such early years of the child’s development process.
There is need to pursue a child-centered orientation in this endeavor in order to interpret the present guidelines to the children in the best terms possible. This will make these young people see themselves as part of the whole process and not as subjects to dictated rules and regulations. Last but not least, the importance of and the need for progressive delinquency preventive policies as well as the elaborate measures and systematic study should be realized by all.
My opinion here is that they should look like they can criminate, and consequently lead to penalization of a juvenile for any behavior that does not ultimately cause serious destruction of the affected juvenile’s development, or cause harm to others.
Albert Roberts (2004). Juvenile Justice Sourcebook: Past, Present, and Future, Oxford: Oxford University Press; pp. 23, 29, 92 Bloch Herbert (1956). Delinquency: The Juvenile Offender in America Today. London: Random house; pp. 18
Dinitz Simon (1972). The Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency: An Experiment. Ohio: Ohio State University Press; pp. 31, 39 Janice Joseph (1995). Black Youths, Delinquency, and Juvenile Justice. Mahwah, NJ: Praeger Publishers; pp. 16, 22 Lahey Benjamin (2003). Causes of Conduct Disorder and Juvenile Delinquency’ London: Guilford Press; pp. 61, 102 Lander Bernard (1954). Towards an Understanding of Juvenile Delinquency. New York: Columbia University Press; 19, 65 Lou Herbert (2005). American Juvenile Justice.
Oxford: Oxford University Press; pp. 28, 89, 125 Mays Larry (1991). Transferring Juveniles to Criminal Courts: Trends and Implications for Criminal Justice. Mahwah, NJ: Praeger Publishers; pp. 14, 26 Nelson Henry (1998). Juvenile Delinquency and the Schools. Chicago: University of Chicago Press; pp. 36, 43, 76 Sanders Wiley (1970). Juvenile Offenders for a Thousand Years: Selected Readings from Anglo-Saxon Times to 1900. North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press; pp. 37, 54