The responsibilities of the First Responding Officers on arriving at the scene of the explosion are first, attending to injured persons by shifting the victims to a place at least a thousand feet from the explosion area. Secondly, exercise extreme caution and be on the lookout for secondary explosive devices and refrain from searching or handling any object which is suspect.
Thirdly, the first responding officer has to make the second arriving police officer put up a victim collection point where people injured in the blast can be treated, this should be at least three hundred feet away from the site of the blast. This patient collection centre has to be in full view of the site and its visibility and location should be enhanced and indicated, respectively, by the use of lights and public address systems, in order to assist patients who can walk to move over to the collection point.
Subsequently, he has to direct the patients a temporary triage area whose location is not less than thousand feet from the site of the blast or ground zero. The remaining officers arriving at the scene of the disaster are now responsible for initiating steps to begin the evacuation of all persons from the blast site. The un injured persons should be directed to a central location for the purpose of being interviewed by the investigators. Injured persons, capable of walking are to be shifted to the triage area.
Those who are unable to walk are to be taken to the triage area by any means available. The priority is to get the injured to a danger free zone as quickly as possible. In fact even the provision of first aid has to be deferred till this process is completed, because the danger of a secondary device going off is very great. Police officers have to hand over the treatment of the injured to qualified medical personnel as soon as they arrive at the scene. The bodies of dead bomb blast victims are to be left undisturbed as is the practice with any other crime scene.
This permits the collection of materials having forensic value. After administering first aid to the injured persons, the police officers have to secure the blast area and await the arrival of a police supervisor. In the event of delay in the arrival of the police supervisor the first arriving police officer has to carry out these duties as per a previously agreed upon plan . Further, the first responders have to ensure that there is control and restriction of scene access only to essential personnel.
This ensures unhampered rescue efforts and scene preservation. They have to create documentation that would include such particulars like witness identification, taking photographs and videotapes of bystanders and the noting of other relevant particulars . While going towards a site where chemical, biological, or radiological materials have been released, it must be remembered that “the presence and identification of hazardous agents may not be immediately verifiable, especially in the case of biological and radiological agents.
” First responders have to take the following measures: 1. Maximum protection should be afforded to the respiratory system. Some of these protective gears are overcoats, boots, gloves, hats, self-contained breathing apparatuses and organic vapor respirators. 2. When the disaster occurs indoors, the evacuation must be done in a manner which minimizes passage through the contaminated area and all unused doors and windows should be kept closed in order to confine dangerous substances.
3. Whenever possible chemical and biological detection equipment should be deployed. 4. Subsequently, requisitioning of specialized expertise is to be made in such cases. 5. A proper and detailed report Section F is to be submitted to the appropriate authorities . Finally, in respect of anonymous callers claiming responsibility for the terrorist act, the chemical or biological threat reports and caller identification report have to be submitted.