Sociological theory consists of three main theories; Structural functionalism, Symbolic Interactions and Conflict Theory. Conflict theory includes Marxian (Dialectical/ critical) conflict theory and Weberian (formal) conflict theory. The most appealing nature of Conflict theory is its view of the society. It portrays the Society as system with diverse groups hustling over resources that come in scarce. These resources include power to rule and control the society, wealth and natural resources as well as prestige and recognition. The more the society advances in wealth the more the desire and struggle for prestige, recognition and power (Perkin, 1996, p.102).
Conflict perspective theory also focuses on analysis of macro level of the society as well as the behavior of people trying to gain their desired will at other peoples’ expense with those gaining from it using ideology to portray their desires in social relationships. The society experiences common inequalities in different groups and a system that has negotiation and compromise between the society members as well as unavoidable change and conflict that ever promotes social change.
The society’s inequality is seen as a result of the fight for the scarce resources. The struggle for resources among different classes of the society is the major reason for the societal change. The society’s conflict gives chance for people to behave on basic interests hence it becomes a vehicle for the needed change (Bromley, 2002, p.86).
The most powerful people in the society are the ones who benefit from social structures. These ones influence the others into conformity as well as compliance. Social Order is maintained through direct or indirect power exercising. The society as seen in the conflict perspective theory does not experience the idea of a society that is integrated system based on consensus.
Bromley, G. (2002). Cults, Religion and Violence. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. P.86.
Perkin Harold. (1996). the Third revolution: Professional Elites in the Modern World. London: Routledge. P.102.