Wong Wing v. United States

PETITIONER: Wong Wing
RESPONDENT: United States
LOCATION:

DOCKET NO.: 204
DECIDED BY: Fuller Court (1896-1897)
LOWER COURT:

ARGUED: Apr 01, 1896
DECIDED: May 18, 1896

Facts of the case

The Chinese Exclusion Act imposed imprisonment at hard labor and deportation to Chinese persons convicted of unlawful entry to or presence in the United States. Wong Wing was charged under the Act. A commissioner of the Circuit Court (who was not a judge) found that Wong Wing was an unlawful alien and sentenced him to 60 days at hard labor followed by deportation to China. Wong Wing sought a writ of habeas corpus, but it was denied. He appealed to the Supreme Court.

Question

Does penalty of imprisonment at hard labor and deportation without a jury trial constitute a violation of the Fifth and Sixth Amendments?