Jacobson v. Massachusetts

PETITIONER: Jacobson
RESPONDENT: Massachusetts
LOCATION:

DOCKET NO.: 70
DECIDED BY: Fuller Court (1903-1906)
LOWER COURT:

ARGUED: Dec 06, 1904
DECIDED: Feb 20, 1905

Facts of the case

A Massachusetts law allowed cities to require residents to be vaccinated against smallpox. Cambridge adopted such an ordinance, with some exceptions. Jacobson refused to comply with the requirement and was fined five dollars.

Question

Did the mandatory vaccination law violate Jacobson's Fourteenth Amendment right to liberty?