J. W. Hampton, Jr. & Company v. United States

PETITIONER: J. W. Hampton, Jr. & Company
RESPONDENT: United States
LOCATION:

DOCKET NO.: 242
DECIDED BY: Taft Court (1925-1930)
LOWER COURT:

ARGUED: Mar 01, 1928
DECIDED: Apr 09, 1928

Facts of the case

The Tariff Act of 1922 delegated the authority to set and impose customs duties on articles of imported merchandise. When, under a proclamation of the President, J.W. Hampton & Company was assessed a higher customs duty than was fixed by statute, the company sought relief in the courts.

Question

Did the Tariff Act's delegation of commerce power to the Executive Branch violate the Separation of Powers principle?