1884BrusselsTerm “art nouveau” appears in print for the first time, describing the Belgian artists’ group “Les XX.”The first subway system opens in London.
1885Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz invent the first automobile run by an internal combustion engine.
1889The Eiffel Tower is built for the Paris World’s Fair.
1892New YorkTiffany Glass and Decorating Company established.
1893Great BritainParisJapanese prints exhibition organized by Siegfried Bing.Aubrey Beardsley design published in the first issue of the magazine The Studio.Brussels Victor Horta designs the Tassel HouseHenri de Toulouse-Lautrec paints Jane Avril at the Jardin de Paris.Women win the right to vote in New Zealand, the first country to embrace female suffrage. In Belgium universal male suffrage is adopted. Chicago
Columbian World’s Fair; Adler and Sullivan design the Transportation Building.
1894ParisClaude Debussy completes L’après-midi d’une faune. Hector Guimard designs Castel Béranger.
1895ParisLouis Comfort Tiffany exhibits at Bing’s opening of L’Art Nouveau. The Lumière brothers screen the first moving picture–of workers leaving a factory. Siegfried Bing opens his gallery/shop L’Art Nouveau.
1897GlasgowBrusselsWorld’s Fair: Henry van de Velde and Victor Horta show designs. Charles Rennie Mackintosh and George Walton design Buchanan Street tearooms.
1898MunichViennaJosef Olbrich designs Secession Building. United Workshops for Art in Handicraft founded.Gustav Klimt paints Pallas Athene.Turin Exhibition of Italian decorative arts. European and American troops are sent to quell the Boxer Rebellion in China.
1899LondonSouth Kensington Museum becomes Victoria and Albert MuseumParis Hector Guimard designs Castel Henriette.René Lalique designs Dragonfly woman corsage ornament.Thorstein Veblen, The Theory of the Leisure Class, published.
1900LondonCharles Robert Ashbee and Charles Rennie Mackintosh exhibit to great acclaim at EighthParis metro opens using Hector Guimard’s Metro station entrances. Secession Exhibition, Vienna.Paris metro opens using Hector Guimard’s Metro station entrances.Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams, published.
1901NancyQueen Victoria dies after sixty-three-year reign that saw vast expansion of British colonial rule. Émile Gallé made first president of École de Nancy.
1903Americans Wilbur and Orville Wright make the first manned flight at Kitty Hawk.Pierre and Marie Curie share Nobel Prize for discovery of radium.
1905Albert Einstein develops the special theory of relativity.Exhibition at Salon d’automne by artists dubbed “les fauves.”
1906BarcelonaAntoní Gaudí designs Casa Milá.
1907ChicagoFrank Lloyd Wright designs Robie House.
1909GlasgowCompletion of Glasgow School of Art.
1910VeniceVenice Biennale includes Gustav Klimt.
1913PragueIgor Stravinsky, Le sacre du printemps, performed. Jan Kotêra founds the Union of Czech Artwork.
1914ViennaAssassination of Archduke Ferdinand triggers World War I. Vienna Workshops go into liquidation.