Absolutism: Monarchy and Divine Right

Absolutism is the most effective government used during the seventieth and eighteenth centuries, unlike Democracy, which wasn’t as effective during these times. Absolutism is a form of government in which one person has complete power. There is Absolute Monarchy and some monarchs were known to have Divine Right. Divine Right is the belief that God gave the monarch the entitlement to rule. Absolute Monarchy is when the monarch doesn’t have constitutional limits. Democracy is a form of government in which the people have the right to choose their own leaders.

This government wasn’t as effective in the seventeenth and eightieth centuries. Absolutism is the most effective because there is only one person making decisions, which would be the king or the queen. Decisions would be made hastily. “The head alone has the right to deliberate and decide and the interestt of the state must come first…” (King Louis XIV). King Louis XIV states that one person will make decision making simpler. King Louis describes absolute monarchy as an efficient way to govern because it’s harder for many uneducated people to decide on the correct decree. Also

Absolute monarchs don’t have people checking them, therefore letting them do what they wish. Monarchs with Divine Right are also an effective way to govern. Divine right is a monarch that is given the power to rule directly from God. This was effective because anyone who went against the monarch was going against God, yet committing heresy. The people were forced to obey the monarch. “ Kings are justly called gods, for that they exercise a divine power upon earth. ” (King James I). King James I had Divine Right. He believed that kings are earthy Gods and they must be obeyed.

His people would never dare go against him because they will be going against God. Democracy wasn’t as an effective government because people weren’t very educated in the seventieth and eitghthed centuries. If most states had democracies there would be a more likely chance they would make wrong decisions.

Democracies also took longer to make decisions because there are too many people involved. “Men being by nature all free, equal and independent, no one can be subjected to the political power of another with out his own consent. ” (John Locke). This statement is very accurate, but in the seventieth and eightieth century the people weren’t able to govern themselves because of education. On the contrary the Dutch Republic were able to use a Republic government because they had proper education. A Republic is a form of democracy in which the people elect representatives to make decisions for them. Absolutism is the most effective government in the seventieth and eightieth centuries for several reasons; people were very educated, it was easier to make conclusions and people couldn’t go against Divine Right. Democracy wasn’t effective because of the lack of education and decision-making.

Therefore Absolutism was the best type of government during the seventieth and eightieth centuries. Dear Diary, My name is Frank Smith. I live in England. I use to own a farm, but that industry is over. I run a factory instead. I make tons of money. Many people came to the cities to work in the factories, this is called urbanization. I am apart of the middle class. We don’t have sympathy for the poor people. They are simply beneath us. When I built my factory I didn’t want to spend a lot money. I only put three windows in my factory. Windows were very expensive and not needed. The working conditions aren’t safe.

My factory is filled with dust, steam, and fog. The workers have trouble breathing, but I need to make money. I don’t care about my workers. I intend to hire children and women. I won’t pay them much, but I’ll make them work long hours. If anyone is late or leaves early they will be strapped. I’m only concerned with making money. April Dear diary, Today I hired fifty more children to work in my factory. This was a brilliant choice as a factory owner because I don’t have to pay them much. Children are perfect for working in factories because they can get underneath the machines with out a problem.

I can work them long and hard. They can’t stop working for me because they need to bring home money for their families. Life as a factory owner is great. Not only do I pay the children little money I also pay the women about the same. Women are great to have in factories. Women are easy to manage, adapt easy to machines, and are paid less then men. I also am shipping in new machines for the factory. I don’t want to waste any space in my factory. I’m going to put hundreds of machines in them. The more products I make the more money I will have. I don’t need to worry about my workers they have to deal with it.

The air might be polluted but my money is more important. The more money I make the better it is for my family. My family and I are above the poor. I don’t allow my family to even speak to the poor. I don’t socialize with my workers. My family lives very well. We are well fed and have a luxurious home. We have expensive clothing and always have water. My wife stays home. She doesn’t need to work. My children go to school so they can take over my factory when I grow old. I don’t expect my children to work until they are eighteen. Dear Diary, Today the factory act was passed.

This means that children under 9 arent allowed to be working in factories. They also shortened the hours of children. This is bad for me because now I can’t make as much money. I am very unhappy about this, but I must follow the law. The Enlighlenment •Understanding, free from ignorance ideas intellectual frame work for American and the French revelution •Natural laws – governing society if these laws could be understood better government and other insitutions could be exacted •Natural rights- property life liberty Advances on science and medicane •Joseph priestly – english oChemistry oOxygen – elements oWorked with lavioser in france.

•Jenner oVaccine of small pox 25% of englad died oMilk maids didn’t get small pox instead they got cow pox oRoyal academy for science •Thomas hobbes oWrote leviathan oMen human are ery greedy cruel and selfish oThey form a social contract amony themselves to provide security oAnd cant overthrow the government •John locke oTwo treaties of government oProtect natural rights oOppression is slavery oThe giverment can be overthrown oSocial contract- an agreement among people giving up their freedom to have secerty provided by the government states oNatural right belong to people from birth – inalienable

oPhilosophe apply reason nd metghalogy of the science revolution to the human insitions in order to understand natural laws governing society in order to improve society •Montesquieu oRote the spirit of laws- seperations of power judicial legistlative and executive oPrime minister is always the head of the majortyu party •Voltaire oCandide – plays today still oEnds up in jail letters de cache oThen relased from jail oHe wants freedem of speech, reliogion and press •Authoritarian- knowlegonle on who is obedient •Diderot oEncyclopedia articles by the philosphers scienetiys.

oSeveral volumes some years censor ship •Rousseau oWrote the social contrant everywhere man is born free but everwhere he is in chains oLaws will be passed by the general will ppl give up freedom to be ruled by the gernal will oHow the general will is to be determined is not to be dealt with \ oConseni – compromise agreement •Wollstone craft- owoman english going to write the vindication of the rights of woman oher granddaughter writes frankeinstien •smith owrote the wealth of nation – not like mercantilism ‘ oproducts are wealth of nation •giverment not needed as in mercantilish there are natural laws.