A prosecutor is a law enforcement official who is the chief legal representative in the court systems in countries with either the common law adversarial system, or the civil law inquisitorial system. The prosecutor is responsible for representing the state, in presenting the case in a criminal trial against an individual accused of breaking the law. Prosecutors are typically lawyers who possess a law degree, and are recognized as legal professionals by the court in which they intend to represent the state.
They usually only become involved in a criminal case once a suspect has been identified and charges need to be filed. They are typically employed by an office of the government, with safeguards in place to ensure such an office can successfully pursue the prosecution of government officials. Often, multiple offices exist in a single country, especially those countries with federal governments where sovereignty has been bifurcated or devolved in some way. The role of the Defense Attorney
The responsibilities of a defense attorney involve the presentation of oral arguments in court, crafting and researching legal documents, developing a relationship with the client and advocating the client’s innocence as best as possible. These responsibilities are intrinsic and require a great deal of legal expertise and human empathy. Regardless of what light popular opinion might cast upon her client, a defense attorney must uphold and fight for the client’s innocence. A defense attorney is a client’s best and only advocate.
Predicated on these responsibilities are the specific functions of a defense attorney. She must be prepared to present the client’s case before a court and jury. The plea of innocence or conditional guilt must be presented by the defense attorney to the court in a manner that presents her client in the best light. This also involves drafting legal briefs and providing the client’s biographical information. This necessarily leads to a deepening relationship with the client. At best, this client-attorney relationship can facilitate a kind of openness and mutual appreciation. The role of the defendant
A defendant is any party required to answer a plaintiff’s complaint in a civil lawsuit or any party that has been formally charged or accused of violating a criminal statute. In criminal law, a defendant is anyone tried as the accused. But convention in Scotland does not recognize the use of the term “defendant” in criminal proceedings; the terms “accused” or “panel” are used instead. The role of the victim The role of victim applies to humans in two ways. First in a general sense, everyone believes and feels there is something faulty about him as a human being and a person.
This is deeply rooted into the knowledge and experience of the person since the day he was born. Often, when a person makes a mistake, he will say: “What is wrong with me? ” In some way and to some degree, when a person is in one of those moments of self doubt, he will sense that he is broken, sick or crazy. This negative perception of himself will influence his experience of his world view of life. The second way that a person sees himself as a victim is when something happens around him or to him. He may be diagnosed with cancer, or he may be in an automobile accident. His marriage could fall apart.
Furthermore, he could be a part of a social disaster like a riot, tornado or homicide. In all of these situations, he will see and experience himself as a victim. Even though there might be no physical injury in any of the above incidences, he will use a peculiar language to describe his experience as a victim. Thoughts like “I feel heartbroken,” “The pain of my hurt is more than I can bear,” “It will take a long time for me to heal from this wound,” “What did I do to deserve this? ” Victim’s rights In the state of California we have what is known as the Victim Rights Law Center (VRLC).
This was established in 2003 as the first nonprofit law center in the nation solely dedicated to serving the needs of rape and sexual assault victims. Through direct legal services, our staff and pro bono attorneys help restore victims’ lives after an attack, ensuring that they may stay in school; protecting their privileged and confidential mental health, medical and education records; preserving their employment; maintaining safe housing; securing or maintaining their immigration status; and swiftly accessing victim compensation and other benefits.
Domestic violence victims are assisted by a victim advocacy representative; they help with housing, shelters, counseling and other financial obligations that may occur due to the traumatic events that follow being a domestic violence victim. Personally I feel that the system we have set up for victims are fine the way they are. There is a lot of money set aside either paid by the state or paid by the defendant with the restitution fees. There are a lot of resources there for victim’s, whatever a victim needs help with, the state is able to assist.