United States Constitution and Progressive Movement

?What, in your opinion, were the key principles of the Progressive Movement? In your opinion, what were Progressivism’s most significant successes and failings? Can the First World War be regarded as a particularly Progressive conflict, or did it derail the Progressive Movement—or are both of these statements true? What, in your opinion, were the key principles of the Progressive Movement? Characteristics of the Progressive Era include refining of the government, rebuilding, a concentration on family and education, segregation and women’s suffrage.

The key principles of the Progressive Movement concentrated on the need for production in all areas of society. The refining of the government to get rid of corruption was of great importance. The Progressive Era grew as a reaction to the massive transformations caused by modernization, like the growth of large corporations and railroads, and worries of corruption with American politicians. The progressives wanted change and reform for state, economy, and society.

Progressives had significant changes at a national level like in 1913 the Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution, was made to provide the ability for the federal government to collect an income tax from all workers. (Bowles, 2011) The 17th Amendment allows for direct election of Senators of States, more so “it provided for the direct election of U. S. senators by the American people, whereas previously they gained office through state legislatures. ”(Bowels, 2011) The 18th Amendment gave “Congress the power to create laws to enforce the prohibition of the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors.

” (Bowles, 2011) The 19th Amendment states Women’s Suffrage to the U. S. Constitution. The changes to State government reforms including: secret ballots this is where voters get secret ballots and a private booth to vote. The initiative gives voters the right to put issues on a ballot for a vote. The recall gives votes the right to remove an elected official. Most important, was the Direct Primary giving workers the right to choice candidates for office rather than the big businesses voting in politicians.

In your opinion, what were Progressivisms most significant successes and failings? In my opinion, one of Progressivisms most significant successes was the development of the Federal Reserve System in 1913. This system consisted of 12 banks, which were overseen by a central board. This position was appointed by the president to handle currency, influence the interest rates (to promote economic growth), and to help out banks, who were failing. The Federal Reserve was created because of the Panic of 1907. Several financial companies threatened the collapse of the banking system.

The Federal Trade Commission was established to investigate and prohibit unfair business activities for example: monopolies and price fixing. A significant failing social problem was “legalized segregation and racial violence that often went unpunished by local law enforcement. Punctuating these ongoing problems were horrific events that indicated the nation might be heading down the wrong path. ” (Bowles, 2011) One of the failings of the Progressivism was the use of child labor. The Child Labor Commission was developed in 1904.

The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire was not the first, but one of a growing line of significant social problems that spawned a new wave of activists who struggled to improve the world around them. ( Bowles, 2011) However, the Federal government did not regulate child labor until several years after the progressive era. Can the First World War be regarded as a particularly Progressive conflict, or did it derail the Progressive Movement—or are both of these statements true? World War 1 cannot be regarded as a particularly Progressive conflict. The Progressive Movement was a complex, and sometimes conflicting era.

Some of the occurrences that took place promoted the growth of democracy. While at other times the Progressive movement encouraged that the roles of government should be assigned to professionals. The movement adopted some of the worst national problems of its time, but it ignored the widespread problem of racism which worsens racial injustices. Even though Afro-Americans fought in the war and were as stated in our text book, “one of the best examples was the African American pilots, the famed Tuskegee airmen, who had participated in the segregation protest.

In total, the 332nd Fighter Group flew 15,000 sorties and shot down more than 200 German aircraft (Moye, 2010). However, while these men were willing to die for the country, they were not eligible for many of the honors for their service. ” (Bowles, 2011) Reference Bowles, M. (2011). American history 1865–present: End of isolation. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. (2002). The progressive era [Television series episode]. In America in the 20th Century. New York, NY: Films for the Humanities & Sciences. Retrieved from http://digital. films. com/OnDemandEmbed. aspx? Token=36215&aid=18596&Plt=FOD&loid=0&w=640&h=480&ref=.