Tuskegee Institute in Alabama

Up from Slavery is the autobiography of Booker T. Washington (1856–1915), the famed African-American educator and reformer. It was first published in 1901. The book traces the slow and steady rise of Washington, from an illiterate slave boy on a plantation in Virginia to the president of an educational institution and a renowned public speaker. A major portion of the book focuses on the growth of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, from a ‘dilapidated shanty’ to a sprawling campus with several buildings.

Educating oneself to become self reliant and valuable to the society; loving labour for its own sake and not shying away from any form of labour; avoiding the superficial; achieving the respect and acceptance of others through one’s deeds; measuring success by the number of obstacles one has overcome; cultivating love; and helping the weak and the oppressed. These moral indicators make Washington’s life story go beyond temporal, spatial and racial bounds, and achieve a universal appeal and character.

In Up from Slavery, Washington traces his journey from slave to educator. The early sections document his childhood as a slave and his efforts to get an education, and he directly credits his education with his later success as a man of action in his community and the nation. Washington details his transition from student to teacher, and outlines his own development as an educator and founder of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama. He tells the story of Tuskegee’s growth, from classes held in a shantytown to a campus with many new buildings.

In the final chapters of Up From Slavery, Washington describes his career as a public speaker and civil rights activist. Washington includes the address he gave at the Atlanta Cotton States and International Exposition in 1895, which made him a national figure. He concludes his autobiography with an account of several recognitions he has received for his work, including an honorary degree from Harvard, and two significant visits to Tuskegee, one by President McKinley and another by General Samuel C. Armstrong. CHARATER SKETCH

She was Booker Washington’s second wife. Born in Ohio, she began educating others of her race, right from a young age. Before joining the Tuskegee Institute, she had taught in Mississippi and in Memphis, Tennessee. Like Booker, she believed that book education was not enough to uplift the coloured people. She found the system of education practised at Hampton to be appropriate for this purpose. Through public meetings, door-to-door visits and correspondence, Olivia was instrumental in raising funds for the Tuskegee Institute.

Additionally, she was involved with the work at the Institute as the lady principal and a teacher. Booker, in his autobiography, praises her for this complete and utter dedication to her work ‘that she so dearly loved’. Olivia was the epitome of kindness and selflessness. While in Mississippi, she spent days in nursing a student suffering from smallpox. This was when no one else was willing to care for the boy. Later, she volunteered her services as a nurse when yellow fever broke out in Memphis. This she did knowing that she herself was not immune to the disease.

Olivia was proud of her racial identity, refusing to deceive anyone on account of her being light in colour. Booker T. Washington – The sheer magnitude of this man shines throughout his autobiography in spite of the fact that he is very modest about his accomplishments. His life is amazing, because he pulled himself out of the institution of slavery and was determined to pull his people up with him. He took every opportunity to propose his ideas and philosophies to all races so that attitudes would change in America.

He saw many terrible things happen to his people, but remained optimistic that, with education and hard work, they could effectively blend into the dominate white society. He gathered fame through his good works, but never IF I WOULD RECOMMEND THIS BOOK TO OTHERS? If you want to know how adult education really ought to be taught, you should read Booker T. Washington’s autobiography “Up from Slavery”. He was one of the greatest educators in history. His methods and determination to provide a high quality education to older teens and young adults proved to be of great worth to many men and women of different ethnic backgrounds.

He went beyond “book learning” and provided a means for his students to learn life’s skills and how to be good citizens in a most difficult time period in our history. His model and style of education still applies today, and, if they were taken seriously, could solve many of of education issues. I highly recommend this book to anyone who has an interest in how education should really be. I believe this is one of the most inspiring peices of African American literiture. This autobiography of Booker T.

Washington tells ofhis quest tp get an education despite all of his boyhood oppressions and turmoil. I think this is wonderful book becuase it gives you a new found respect for educators and people who want to be educated. I belive a person cannot read this book and not share in it’s pride, dedication and morals of Booker. Being bornas a slave and to become what he became was such a magnificent feat for the African American race at that time. I believe whoever reads this book will feel inspired to strive for the best they can at whatever there doing.

I think if everybody had the mindset of Booker T. Washington, then the world would be a better place for us, and the next generation to follow. In other words, I would recomend this book to people that need inspiration and enlightenment on achieving goals! “This is an excellent book. It addresses a number of issues important to African American history and literature. The introduction is very successful in exposing the tension between the subject of autobiography — the crafted public self — and the far more complex, indeed enigmatic subject of real life.

For those interested in the role of the individual in history, this book sheds light on the way Booker T. Washington used his skills of self-representation to amass power and influence in a racist society — his identity imposed forever upon the politics of racial self-help and the history of the New South. ” — Evelyn Brooks Higginbotham, Harvard University At 25, he became the first principle of Tuskagee college, founded to teach newly freed slaves the skills to gain employment. In this position he rose to become a nationally known figure, and advocate for American freedmen.

His story provides great insight into the condition of the former slaves of the south in the yearas following the civil war. He became perhaps the most prominent African American leader of his time. His controversial conviction that African Americans could best gain equality in the U. S. by improving their economic situation through education rather than by demanding equal rights was termed the Atlanta Compromise. Samuel Chapman Armstrong (January 30, 1839 – May 11, 1893) was an American educator and a commissioned officer in the Union Army during the American Civil War.

[1] He is best remembered for his work after the war as the founder and first principal of the normal school which is now Hampton University. He is the man Booker most admired in the world. After the Civil War, he took it upon himself to find a way to educate the black race and help them integrate into a dominant white society. As a result, he established the Hampton Institute and that is where Booker attended school. General Armstrong’s philosophies about how education and work go hand-in-hand later influenced Booker into applying them to his own educational ideas.