This Metropolitan Act

This Metropolitan Act set up the principles that helped to build the strong English modern policing. Crime rate in London was considerably reduced but of the nearby places increased. In the areas of London where police was not allowed to go, crime rate was all time on the rise. People were calling Wandsworth a “black” area for the number of criminals it was giving shelter too. Overall policing of 1829 was a great success and the frame work that was adopted by the Peels is still relevant today making the public police as the defining power of the policing.

It is said that the today’s police is undoubtedly born out of the glorious past as suggested by the Lucia Zedner and explores the possibility that “contemporary trends in the policing signifies less a departure from the historical practice than those who proclaim the arrival of the new epoch acknowledge. ” As the police force was faced with quite large number of evidences of their ineffectiveness to control the crime rate, efforts had always been to develop new methods and techniques to strengthen the police force.

One of the methods adopted by America as well as others is the concept of ‘community policing’ whose basic structure is based on Peel’s system of building a strong close ties between the public and the police and eventually controlling the crime rate. This shows the burden of the policing started to fall on the public as the concept which Zedner well defined as “responsibilization strategies” understood as a means of placing states obligations and responsibilities in the hands of the people.

This shift in the responsibilities from the state to the public was more beneficial to the victims of the crimes as they too became participatory to it. As Zedner states “one marginalized as the forgotten actors in the criminal justice process whose role and presence did not extend beyond providing information or serving as prosecution witnesses in court, victims are increasingly invited, even pressed into service, to write victim’s statement or participant in the restorative justice conference. ”

It is no doubt of the fact that though today policing system is based on the system as set by Sir Robert Peel yet fundamentally it continued to remain same as we could witness in pre Peel’s era. With the passage of time, Peel’s concept of policing too continued to show the signs of disintegration because of the increase in the interference of the Central Government. The number of the police force too declined making them difficult to concentrate in larger areas without any capability and dedication to serve the locals.

Now the crime rates too have increased manifold without any sign of getting them controlled. To accomplish the Peel’s mission, it is very important to restore the system back into its original form and develop the positive relationship between the police and the public and subsequently maintain the essence of the police force on which it was based. The Peel’s system was revolutionary concept in itself as with changing in the police system, it restored the judicial order of today.

There was increase in pressure from the twin problems of crimes because of the industrial revolution as well as urbanization. Patrick Colquhoun who was London’s stipendiary magistrate and also the main exponent of the police reform recorded in his 1795 Treatise on the Police of the Metropolis the number of criminals and the loss that was endangered by these crimes. In 1810 only in England and Wales, government was shocked to see that crime rates inexorably increased. It was said that Peel highly depended on these statistics to frame his police reforms policy.

His policies became extremely popular and are still prevalent today though in slight modified form. The beat system as well as the patrolling system is prevalent in many nations as well as many of them have even formulated community policing system to develop a positive relationship between the police and the public. Though the crime rate has increased because of many other factors yet the essence of the Peel’s reforms can still be felt. Bibliography Bloy, M. ‘The Metropolitan Police’, in The Victorian Web, 11October 2002, viewed on 15 August 2010, <http://www.

victorianweb. org/history/police. html>. Dempsey, John S. & Forst, Linda S. An Introduction to Policing. Cengage Learning, Clifton Park, NY, 2009. Reiner, R. ‘The birth of the blues: The establishment of professional policing in Britain 1829 – 56’. The Politics of The Police. Harvester Press, Brighton, 1986, pp. 9-47. Zedner, L. ‘Policing before and after the police: The historical antecedents of contemporary crime control’. British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 46, No. 5, May 2005, pp. 78-96.