The Trade Unions and the Charterists

Out of this Industrial revolution grew two more movements; they were the Trade Unions and the Charterists. Trade Unions were friendly societies, where it was thought that Socialism would grow They predate Marxism, and typical of Socialism, there was erratic development in the early 9th Century. The idea was that members would pay a small amount into the 'pot' each year, and this money was then used to help the members if any of them were ever in danger. It was not until the 190s that they began to fight for wage increases, and therefore was completely different to what we see as Trade Unions today.

Marx later used these organisations to try to show how Capitalism would in turn collapse. The levellers began in 1646 and were said to be the Early English Socialists. This in effect was not true, for even though their name suggests it, they did not seek to level society, as their name suggests.

"We never had it in our minds to level men's estates or make all things common". Their thoughts were mainly concentrated around the idea that England should have a written constitution, in order to prevent the monarch abusing their prerogatives, they were called the agreement of the people. It included ideas such as their being annual parliaments, whereby Mps could not stand for 2 years in a row, the abolishment of the House of Lords. However, what they were un sure about was who should get the ability to vote. The majority believed that royalists, servants, and charitable organisations should not be allowed to vote, while some believed that all people should have the ability to vote. The Diggers pronounced themselves as the true 'levellers'.

Lead predominantly by Gerald Winstanley. He argued that the existing system of land ownership meant that England was not properly cultivated. "The selfishness of a few leads to deprivation of millions. " Marxism is the economic, social and political theory and practice originating in the works of Karl Marx and Friedriech Engels. Karl Marx himself was the son of a lawyer and studied law and philosophy at University. He rejected the ideals of Hegel but was positively influenced by the work of Moses Hess.

In 1848 he wrote, with Engels, the Communist Manifesto and other works that broke with the tradition of appealing to natural rights to justify social reform, instead one of his main ideas was the power of history that would inevitably provoke social reform. With the help of Engels, Marx founded the International Workingmen's Association. There is no doubt that Marx and Engels changed the Socialist views and helped to modernise and adapt Socialism to be more applicable o today's world.

However as can be seen in this essay, Socialism existed as an entire form before Marx. Socialism was very scrambled at the time of the Diggers etc and it was Marx who brought the ideas together o forma comprehensive ideology, that later became Marxism… The Charterists campaigned for a Bill of Rights to be issued. They were generally political reformers. They also wanted the House of Lords to be abolished for they saw it as un-demographic and un democratic. There main aim however was that of equality, and they were shortly followed by Marx and Engels.