The Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party is a political party that was formed back in 1947 and has ruled Syria ever since the 8 March Revolution in 1963. This party is lead by the current Syrian President Bashar El Assad and is the main target for removal by the opposition groups. The acting head and the one who takes all the actions and decisions is Bashar El Assad. Bashar El Assad has suffered from sanctions from most of the world including EU, USA, Canada and other nations.
Bashar El Assad and the political party are deploying troops from the Syrian Armed Forces, Syrian Security Agents and the Shabeeha which are the thugs and militia under Basahr's control. The Party seeks remaining in office and is trying to make changes by writing a new draft constitution and public referendums on other matters. Syrian National Council: The Syrian National Council was founded and formed on the 23rd of August 2011 in Istanbul. The SNC is supposedly a government in exile that is not able to recognize its legal power in Syria. The council was formed as a Syrian opposition coalition during the uprising in Syria.
The Council sought international recognition but denied playing the role of a government in exile. A few months later, when violence started occurring in Syria, the SNC declared the seeking of the end of the Bashar El Assad regime and the establishment of a modern and democratic state. The charter which belongs to the council contains basic human rights, judicial independence, democracy and political pluralisms its guiding principles. Local Coordination Committees of Syria: The Local Coordination Committees of Syria is a network of committees ann local groups that report and organize protests.
The LCCSyria was started on March 11 2011 due to the uprising in Syria. They support civil disobedience and oppose local armed resistance against the Syrian Government or the intervention of international military forces opposing the Syrian Government. The network opposes the regime, but prefers peaceful demonstrations instead of militarization, because militarization would make it impossible for the establishment for a proper foundation for Syria. Free Syrian Army: The Free Syrian Army was formed on July 29 2011, when Colonel Riad El Assad announced the forming of that specific opposition army.
The Free Syrian Army is the number 1 opposition party opposing the Bashar El Assad Regime. The Army has no political goals what so ever, their only goal is the liberation of Syria from the Bashar El Assad regime. The Free Syrian Army's leader Riad El Assad has stated that the opposition group and the attacks are not sectarian and are secular, and that there are some Alawi Syrian army defects working with them. The Free Syrian Army is supported by the Libyan National Transitional Council and is being financially aided and receiving military aid from the National Liberation Army of Syria.
The Brits are also aiding the group with communication tools for strategic help. Kurds: The Kurds are an ethnic group of people that make 9% of the Syrian population, making them the biggest ethnic minority group. They make about 1. 6 million people. The Kurds are being persecuted and do not receive or very little of human rights in Syria. The Kurds were not granted the Syrian citizenship until sometime during the uprising. The Kurds are being widely supported by many Human Rights organizations including Amnesty International and the Human Rights watch.
The Kurds' movement has widely grown after the assassination of their leader Mashal Tammo by Bashar Regime Agents. The Kurds have been recognized as citizens of the Syrian Arab Republic but have not received full civil and human rights. The Kurds are still protesting and demonstrating the dissatisfaction and will soon receive full rights in the Syrian Arab Republic. Foreign Involvement (Opposition of Syrian Government): Mostly everyone in the world is supporting the Syrian Opposition and opposing the current regime of the Ba'ath Party and Bashar El Assad.
The EU, USA, Canada, Gulf Countries, UK, Libya, Turkey and others have cut all ties with the Assad Regime. Eve Al Qaeda and Hizb El Tahrir are supporting the Opposition and supplying th opposition groups with weapons and other kinds of aid. Foreign Involvement (Support of Syrian Government): The Governments of China and Russia support the Syrian Government greatly. The Chinese government hasn't provided any aid for any of the sides in the uprising yet it has vetoed the resolution condemning the Bashar Regime.
The Russian Government is aiding the Bashar Regime with weapons, financial aid and other kinds of aid. Russia has also vetoed the resolution condemning the Bashar Regime. The Iranian Government is also supporting the Bashar Regime. They have aided the government with internet, cell phone and media monitoring technology. They have also aided the government with riot control equipment and snipers. Causes of the Revolution: There are many causes for the start of any revolution or uprising within any nation or country.
In the case of the Syrian uprising of 2011, there are causes such as having a corrupt government, a low standard of living, an having an authoritarian system. Authoritarian System: One of the causes of the uprising is having an authoritarian system as the base and ideology of the current Syrian government lead by Bashar El Assad. This basically means having an authoritarian regime which means having a small group of heads, politicians and leaders controlling every aspect in the government. This system opposes the ideologies of democracy, liberalism and individualism, which the people are asking for.
Absence of an Effective Constitution: Through the years which were under the regime of the Assad family, the constitution of Syria was of no use and did not have any impact on probably anything in the Syrian Nation. The Assad regime had indirect control of the legislature and the judiciary. The constitution had absolutely no effectiveness. The people of Syria saw that this factor in the nation had a negative impact on the nation and the actions that the government would make. Government Corruption: Like any other revolution by the people or probably most of them, one of the causes is having a corrupt government.
The Syrian Government lead by the Ba'ath Party which is lead by the Assad family, exercises practically 100% full control over everything in Syria. Other than that, there is also a very high rate or bribery and fraud in the Syrian Government. The government led by Bashar El Assad has contol over all branches of the government including the military. High Unemployment: The increasing rate of unemployment has also displeased the Syrian people which is why it was one of the main factors that contributed to the beginning of this uprising and revolution.
The unemployment rate in Syria, at the moment is 8. 5% of all the people, and for 13% of all people aged from 15 to 24, which is actually very high. 75% of all unemployed people, have been actually been looking for jobs, but no luck, this also displeased the people. The recession and decline in Syria's economy, resulting from the financial abuses of the Assad regime, have been the biggest factor that contribute to the the increasing unemployment rate. The revolution in Syrian is still in progress, for not all goals have been achieved yet and the people of Syria are not yet pleased.
Inspiration from Regional Protests: Inspiration always plays a great ole in uprising, anywhere in the world. The Syrian Revolution was mainly sparked by the 2011 Arab Spring. The Arab Spring was a series of uprisings, protests and revolutions that took place in the Middle East. The Spring started with the Tunisian Revolution then slowly started a chain reaction through the whole Middle East. People started believing that it is possible to topple the unjust regime that ruled them for all this time and started waking up and going down to the streets to protest.
Inspiration wasn't just regional but also local, for when people started seeing their family, friends, and people they know go protest, they were inspired and encouraged to go and do the same. The regional protests that occurred during the Arab Spring included Tunisia, Egypt, Syria, Yemen, Libya and some other countries. The inspiration has played a great and made a big contribution to the Syrian Revolution and the Arab Spring by starting a chain reaction that lead to the toppling of many corrupt regimes and the changing in the course of history for many soon to be great Arab Nations.
Goals of the Revolution: Resignation of Bashar El Assad and his Regime: Off course, the main purpose of the revolution and the uprising in Syria is to remove Bashar El Assad from office and topple his regime. The people believe that the Bashar Regime is the cause and reason for all the undemocratic things and economically negative state in Syria. The Bashar El Assad regime has not only shown that they were incompetent with the presidency and the power in Syria, but they also have killed protesters and refused resigning from office and handing over control.
Democratic Reforms: The people of Syria are hoping and fighting for democracy and equality in Syria. The people of Syria request different democratic reforms after the toppling of the regime; these reforms include, the unconditional freedom of opinion, expression, assembly, press, protests, strikes, organization, unions and organized political activities. And also, other than that, they require freedom of religion and full equality of sexes. Expanded Civil Rights: One of the revolution's goals to achieve through the uprising is expanding civil rights for the people of Syria.
The people demand economic and social justice and a modern welfare system covering each and every system. Civil rights also include the right of political and social freedom; and most importantly, the equality between every single citizen in the Syrian Arab Republic. Possible Solutions to the Issue: There are many possible solutions that are progressively decreasing while the situation in Syria escalates and becomes more violent. The solutions can be classified into three different categories or arenas. The Syrian Arena which is the solution within the Syria; the Arab Arena and the International Arena.