The Supreme Court Essay

Probation- A sentence of imprisonment that is suspended. Also, the conditional freedom granted by a judicial officer to a convicted offender, as long as the person meets certain conditions f behavior. Parole- The status of a convicted offender who has been conditionally released from prison by a paroling authority prior to the expiration of his or her sentence and is placed under the supervisions of a parole agency, and is required to observe the conditions of parole. The similarities of probation and parole are they have the guidelines they have to abide by a contract and do community service.

The difference between the two is purpose and implementations parolees have already been to prison probationers have not been to prison. Probation is a sentencing strategy parole is a correctional strategy that's primary purpose to return offenders gradually to productive lives. 8. ) If I had the authority to reduce the overcrowding in the prisons I would start by letting out the people who have smaller offences and put them on parole. That is if and only if they were not a threat to society. For example someone who has charges of check fraud or tickets for stealing gas for instance.

9. ) Reports say that the male correctional facilities are far more dangerous than a female correctional facility. The main reason for this is they don't rape other women and don't need to. The only time they rape someone is when they are trying to dominate the other female prisoner. Or for instance the most reported violence is women inmates being raped by the staff. The men however, feel they need to accommodate for the lose of having a woman around. In return they rape other men mainly their roommates. The phrase most often used is that they make them their "Bitch.

" 10. ) The prison subculture- The values and behavioral patterns characterized of prison inmates. Prison subculture has been found to be surprisingly consistent across the country. 11. ) Prisonization- refers to the learning of convict values. Attitudes roles and even language. They learn the prison codes. (1. ) Don't interfere with the interests of other inmates, "Never rat on a Con. " (2. ) Don't lose your head. Play it cool and (3) Don't exploit inmates. Don't steal. Don't break your word. Be right. (4) Don't whine. Be a man. (5) Don't be a sucker.

Don't trust the guards or staff. 12. ) Only the first amendment rights were used in the case Pell v Procunier. The Supreme Court established a "balancing test" operations. Inmates have rights, much the same as people who are not incarcerated. They are provided the legitimate needs of the prison for security, custody and safety are not compromised. Other courts have declared that order maintenance, security and rehabilitation are all legitimate concerns of prison administrations but that financial agencies and convenience are not.