The Industrial Boom

During the industrial boom in the 1800’s, the main contributing factors to the growth of the country were the railroad, the discovery of oil and the immigration from other countries. Between 1860 and 1900 the urban population more than tripled in city areas. The most common immigrants were Chinese and Irish people. Through the discovery and rapid expansion of oil towns, the railroads and factories were working full pace to keep up with the demand for products. The railroad was also a large contributing factor in the extension of the American country.

Oil had mainly been used for lighting lamps and was not very cheap. After John Rockefeller became an oil tycoon, the price of oil was nearly cut in half because it was easy to find and also to manufacture. Almost every home in America would soon have the luxury of having lights and fuel for their homes. The production of oil also developed and the oil could now be made into many different products such as, kerosene, crude oil, and gasoline.

The easy extraction and manufacture process also made oil go down in price. The Railroad was also a large contributing factor of the expansion of the country. On top of the foundation for oil, the railroad thrived. It was now possible for goods and people to travel from New York to LA in less than a week. It helped spur larger more spread out cities and towns and during the civil war helped to end it. Andrew Carnegie was the man mostly responsible for this amazing feat across the country. Carnegie was one of the largest steel producers in the world.

He was responsible for building the tracks that would shape the nation. Along with the discovery of oil it was possible to take it to different parts of the country for use. One of the other main contributions to the American Revolution was the immigration of thousands upon thousands of migrant workers from other countries. This helped spur the expansion of industry by making labor cheaper and the work days longer.

The coal factories increased produced 5000 percent between 1860 and 1900. The steel industry also increased production by almost 2000 percent in the same time period, making the industry two to five times more productive than Germany and England.

During the American Revolution, there were many different contributing factors but the railroad, oil and immigration were the main ones. If this had never happened we wouldn’t be half as far today as we are. Without oil or steel, we would have never been able to industrialize this country.