I’d also like to discuss the relation between the underrepresentation of women in politics and feminization of poverty and unemployment, which currently takes place. It should be mentioned that women now constitute 46. 7 % of the total labor force all over the world and 31 % in developed countries. However, because of the changes, which take place in global and domestic economies, women gradually lose their position and the important labor force. The situation becomes dangerous as there has been observed a considerable drop in the women employment since 1990s (Women in Politics: Beyond Numbers, 2007).
Statistic data also prove that the rate of the unpaid labor activity is substantially higher among women than men. It has been estimated that female unpaid activity is almost twice as high as that of men (Women in Politics: Beyond Numbers, 2007). The other grieve fact is that women are usually disadvantaged at their working places. Numerous researches proved the existence of the gender discrimination in employment, salaries, promotion and dismissal even in countries with developed economies and high level of democracy (Women in Politics: Beyond Numbers, 2007).
Thus, according to the statistic data provided by United Nations statistics, the average wage of a woman constitutes not more than 75 % of a man’s average wage. Women are less likely to get promoted and more often lose their jobs. This all led to the feminization of poverty and unemployment (Women in Politics: Beyond Numbers, 2007). As centuries ago women are discriminated on their gender characteristics. Their professional skills are less recognized than that of men. In order to achieve the same level of wage or the same position women have to work at least twice as hard as men.
Women contribution to science and economic development of the country is often underemphasized. The same is true for their political careers. In order to promote greater participation of women into political activities, it is essential to provide economic empowerment of women, increase their access to education facilitate their promotion both in the economic and political spheres. The Dual Burden However, I consider that the greatest problem for the women participation in politics and their success in political careers lies in the dual burden they have to carry.
Now as centuries ago women have disproportionately higher amount of domestic work as compared with men. While men are able to focus mainly on their career promotion and professional achievement women have to care about the well-being of their families. They always have to balance their political career with the family lives, which is not an easy task (Women in Politics: Beyond Numbers, 2007). Women always have to run a full-time job of being a mother and a wife along with the full-time job as a member of parliament.
None of them is easy; both of them are responsible and stressful. Under these conditions it is extremely difficult for a woman to hold both. When it becomes impossible to perform high on both “positions”, women often make up their mind to quit one. No wonder that mainly they decide to leave political arena (Women in Politics: Beyond Numbers, 2007). However, even in spite of these difficulties women are quite persistent in achieving their political goals along with taking care of the family and raising children.
That’s how Anna Balletbo, MP of Spain commented on this problem: “Women believe that entering parliament means choosing between a private life or a public life. This is not the case. Instead, women should view their life as a continuum. They should decide what they want to achieve in life and prioritize these goals in chronological order. There is a certain right time to achieve each of these goals, whether it is becoming a wife, mother, professional or a parliamentarian. Life is long and women can achieve many things” (Women in Politics: Beyond Numbers, 2007).