The China Goverment

The People's Republic of China is a single-party state governed by the Communist Party of China and it is a multinational country. It is the world's most populous country. As of 2012, it is the world's second-largest economy, after the United States. Just as important as the upcoming elections in November here in the United States, the upcoming leadership changeover that is to occur in China this October. Xi Jinping is the heir apparent to Hu Jintao who is the current paramount leader of the People's Republic of China. For the issue of Diaoyu dispute, China expect that Japan give up sovereignty over the.

Diaoyu Islands and Japan ship immediately stop infringing activities. China hopes that Japan would not ruin the China-Japan relationship based on the overall interests of the China-Japan relationship and solve it by peaceful and rational negotiations. China would try our best to recover to normal relationship with Japan and hope that Japan has the same attitude. In recent months, China has changes some action over Diaoyu island. On September, when China maritime patrol enter the island near Diaoyu island, Japan ship warn them, “Don’t enter Japanese territorial waters” and China reply Diaoyu Islands are China's territory, we are conducting normal patrols.

In recent months, China releases "Diaoyu Islands are China's inherent territory" White Paper. Also, Chinamaritime patrol is active in the Diaoyu island and the move is to help safeguard the China’s territory. On October, naval fleet of China is the first time sailing Diaoyu waters. The current situation imply that China want to show their sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands and the dissatisfaction of Japan. China‘s stance is China has indisputable sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands that have been an inherent part of China since ancient times.

Japan has to fully recognize the complexity and sensitivity of issues concerning history. And we hope that military conflicts would not appear. In additional, China want Japan handling these sensitive issues based on the overall interests of the China-Japan relationship. Any disputes over Name: Yau Lai Ho Student ID:S116448 Course: Gen2002B possession of the South China Sea should be resolved bilaterally, not through multi- national talks. China is willing to negotiations of the dispute. In short run, at least Japan has to give up sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands and control of the resources.

Also, Japan immediately stops infringing activities because they don’t have authority to forbid China fishermen entering the water. China has indisputable sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands. According to international law "discovered" and "preemptive" principle, China has legitimate sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands. We claim this because China has historical reason. As mentioned earlier, late in the 15th century was first discovered and named the Diaoyu Islands, which has recognized the historical facts of the official and academic circles of China and Japan.

After a few years of the Ming and Qing dynasties to the Diaoyu Islands included in the territory of the rule before the Japanese occupation of China's sovereignty over the Diaoyu Islands have been validly existing, China is the sole legal owners. Also, with international law "preemptive" must first "terra nullius". In fact, the Japan does not confirm this point and they has not been published declaration of sovereignty over the Diaoyutai as Japanese territory after the end of World War II.

They make it secretly. It is illegal. Most importantly, Japan has the serious challenges of the post-war international order because the provisions of the Potsdam Proclamation, based on World War II after Japan's defeat, "Cairo Declaration" shall be carried out to limit the sovereignty of the Japanese islands of Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu and Shikoku, and other signatories country like United States, China, Britain decided the island, which does not include the Diaoyu Islands. We can see their behavior as disregarding international law and China. Therefore, we must emphasis the sovereignty in order to denounce Japan. We are not in want of military conflicts because we don’t want the dispute leading the war.

And the expansion of war is not acceptable among the world because we believe that the citizen are afraid of them and ruin the country in many aspects. We would protect our citizen and don’t want to make a threat of possible war among the world. We hope that Name: Yau Lai Ho Student ID:S116448 Course: Gen2002B the world can be stable and peace. The next reason of avoiding military conflicts is economical consideration. Under unstable and war environment, business would be spoil.

For example, war would lead to more military industry and people have to fight a war but it would decrease the productivity definitely. Also, it must ruin the relationship. Don’t ruin China-Japan relationship is very important because they still are leader in Asia Pacific Zone. China and Japan also have influence among the global environment, especially China. The good cooperation can also lead to economic growth. They both have business in the other country. For example, Japan's top three carmakers said their sales in China dived last month in the wake of anti-Japan protests over disputed islands. It shows that the aggravation of dispute can hurt other country’s economy directly and rapidly.

Honestly, China wants to have normal trade with all country and have stable and long run GDP growth. The reason of not through multi-national talks resolving the dispute because of US. US is a major country accepting China-threat theory because US fear a strong, and prosperous China may lead to the threat of world peace. Therefore, multi-national talks must include US. And they not make the China having maximum interests under negotiations. Also, Japan would have more powerful bargaining power to strive for more interests so we emphasis resolved dispute bilaterally with Japan.

Most importantly, it is the sovereignty problem in China, we would not bear the irrelevant country to intervene. Ignoring US with our firm stance or solving the dispute without US also can show the stronger China. It is very useful to increase our soft power in global environment because it can prove that China have the own ability to solve international dispute and the other country even US have to respect our stance. As we all knows, US should support Japan undoubtedly and traditionally. If China arrive their wants under the supporting Japan from US, it may the turning point in the history showing the replacement between China and US in international position.

Therefore, China and Japan resolved bilaterally is significant. Our bottom line is Japan have to give up sovereignty in short run over the Diaoyu Islands because we consider that the negotiations’ time may be long and hard to concession. That why we require Japan not to do anything over the islands. Resources allocation or ownership also has to discuss so we can’t accept Japan government buying island Name: Yau Lai Ho Student ID:S116448 Course: Gen2002B officially and illegally. If Japan don’t do this, we see it as encroach our land. Also, Japan have to stop infringing activities, for example, they can’t stop China fishermen in there.

Zhejiang, Fujian fishermen have habits of operating at the Diaoyu aters traditionally. Thus, China has responsibility to protect them in security and rights in order to show respect and care of our citizen to increase their faith of china government. To sum up, China expects Japan can have negotiations with peace and ration. Japan should respect China’s sovereignty and “Cairo Declaration. ” Japan are not allow to disobey international law. It is a serious challenge to the world.

Also, Japan should consider the overall interests and China also doesn’t want to affect the trade and become war. Therefore, Japan should stop doing anything in Diaoyu Island. China must to everything to persuade Japan and conferred on the best way. Notwithstanding US must support Japan, China hope that US don’t do it obviously and directly. After all, Diaoyu is our business. Finally, we look forward to achieving our expectation and maintain world peace. SOURCE Japanese car sales plunge in China after islands dispute. http://www. guardian. co. uk/business/2012/oct/09/japanese-car-sales-china-islands-dispute.