The second reason that they give as to why coal should not be used is related to the global warming. They said that these plants would emit carbon dioxide in large quantities and as we all know this would only worsen the already alarming situation of the global warming. They therefore argue that there is no need to create new coal-fired plants which they refer as traditional. They say that there are other alternatives that would also provide the energy.
This can be done by building plants which would utilize the use of clean coal technologies such as carbon sequestration and IGCC and also by conservation measures and demand management implementation. (Macawber. com, 2008) No matter what type of technology that is used to provide power to Texas, there are environmental and economic risks and benefits associated with it. This calls for diversity of types of generating resources as the key factor to a relatively inexpensive, clean and reliable power.
Texas may be considered as a state that does not have a lot of energy diversity for base load power. The only options for base load power in Texas are nuclear, coal and natural gas. Therefore, it puts all its energy eggs in the basket of natural gas. This means that the bills will definitely go high to the consumers, industries and businesses with the recent rise in the prices of gas. Natural gases may be considered to be better than coal in terms of the pollutants that it produces and also for its lower carbon dioxide production.
At the same time, apart from their production of low pollutants, the gas-fired plants are less expensive to build compared to coal or nuclear power plants while they are very reliable at every bit. This type of power also offers a type of flexibility that is not available for both nuclear and coal. They come in different sizes and therefore the allow users to generate their own power. (IFAD 2007) However, over the recent years, there has been a steady rise in oil prices as the country shift to the use of natural gases.
This has had a serious effect on the economy far beyond the effect on the direct effect on the economy. Financially, it is estimated that farmers in the U. S. paid six billions dollars more on energy in 2004 compared to what they paid in 2003. The chemical industry recorded an increase of more than ten billion dollars since 2003. This indicates how businesses and individual has been hard hit by soaring oil prices. (Texas Electricity Companies, 2008)