This is a discretionary warning where the witness has been suspect as to whether they were lying or suspect in anyway. This is usually given where the witness may look as though they have a grudge against the Defendant. This all started in 1977 with the Turnbull case. A Turnbull warning is the one most likely to be used, as it sets out all of the guidelines in disputed eye-witness cases. There must be evidence capable of supporting its correctness or it is not allowed to go to jury in the first place.
This warning is to help stop wrongful conviction on unreliable identifications. Cut throat defences: warnings to juries. A Beck warning is given where it looks as though the Witness has a purpose of their own to serve. This takes away a corroboration warning requirement, only a need to proceed with caution warning. Beck warnings may be given against co-defendants or against other people with a purpose of their own to serve. There is a mandatory Beck warning, and a discretionary Beck warning.
Cut throat defences would be a mandatory one. Where a witness is mentally ill and of "bad character" the warning, which again is discretionary, is that a jury must have regard to all of the medical evidence and circumstantial evidence of the witnesses character. 1. Knowledge: word goals: this, pencil, pen, book, eraser, ruler, pencil case, dictionary etc. language structures: Is this your pencil? Is that your backpack? Yes, it is. / No, it isn't. It's his/ her … 2. Ability: Enable Ss to find the owners of things in English. 3.
Moral education: Enable Ss to find the owners of things when they pick up some things. Lesson type: New lesson, Dialogue, Listening. Teaching aids: a recorder, a picture, some real things, two playbills. Teaching method: situational method; 3P modern. Teaching procedure: Step 1: Warming up (6mins) 1. T asks Ss to read the chant of " A-E-I-O-U" loudly. (1min) 2. T makes some short dialogues with some Ss or the whole class, in order to review what have learned in the past. (5mins) Good morning! Hello! I'm Qu Ying. What's your name?
What's her first name? What's his last name? How are you? What's this? Spell it, please. (In this step, T uses two playbills of Harry Potter and Michael Jordan to review the first name and last name. ) (2) Use the sentence patterns to make two dialogues. Writing on the Bb: Unit2 Is this your pencil? pencil dictionary Is this your pen? book this Yes, it is. It's my pen. eraser that No, it isn't. It's his pen. pencil case yes Is that your backpack? pencil sharpener no Yes, it is. /No, it isn't. backpack not ruler pen.