Like in all other fields, occasional lapses do occur in the rendering of justice. Although the morality of law holds that even if criminals are not brought to book, it should be ensured that no innocent man is ever punished. However given the enormity of the situation, this cannot be guaranteed. Many are still held as suspects and imprisoned for considerable periods of time without a trial. When evidences are not recorded properly or when enforcement officers are not inclined to investigate evidences supportive of the suspect, justice is tampered.
Crime scene investigation in particular, when the first responder fails to identify crucial evidences, the investigation is not only stalled, but also takes off in the wrong direction. Although the practices by and large contribute to enforcement of societal justice, there are enormous opportunities for lapses in every aspect of criminal justice. Officers in the criminal justice system including enforcement officers, correctional officers, parole officers and judges are always under immense stress of the workload that every case cannot be given its due diligence.
The justice process when not undertaken with care and caution can have immense implications for the individual. There are many cases where people have been set free from the death row due to lack of evidence or faulty trials. Take for instance police brutality, which is one of the most debated forms of unfairness in the justice system which often goes unnoticed because police themselves are part of the machinery that checks these offences. Police brutality in the form of unwanted shootings, beatings and kicking may sometimes result in serous injuries or even death of the suspect.
When such unfortunate situations happen, police are quick to come out with a denial of charges and put a suitable theory to account for the happenings. Any amount of training, counseling or monitoring cannot make them perform perfectly. However, they need to be under severe scrutiny to ensure that their actions are justifiable (Human Rights Watch, 2007). The Institutional correctional systems, also known as the prison systems, intends to reform prison inmates through its facilities and programs.
Prisons are classified by its security like maximum, medium or minimum depending on the type of inmates they handle. Maximum-security prisons have severe restrictions on the movement of inmates. These prisoners are under extreme levels of surveillance and control, with scarce recreational and educational chances. Such treatment of prisoners breaches the basic human rights and dignity of the people. When people are held in such conditions for very long, they are very likely to suffer psychologically, from which they may never recover even if their sentences are completed.