Have experienced abuse of human rights by law enforcement personnel. These personnel are also called the police. Statistics and reports show that they use excessive amount of force with the public. We shall look at how police abuse affects the following nations; United States England Germany, China, Japan and Saudi Arabia. UNITED STATES; In early years in America it was found that many law enforcement personnel were using an excessive amount of force during face-to-face contact with the public. Therefore the study was conducted to investigate the amount of force used by the police officers or the so-called law enforcement personnel.
This was the first survey conducted on the 1996. The second survey was carried out in 1999 to evaluate the measures put into place to curb the use of force by law enforcement personnel or officers. Therefore, the findings that were obtained from the two survey were gong to be used in coming up with effective measures to control these issues. Police and look for some possible procedures of correction in criminal justice basically gear these measures towards streamlining the use of force. The sampling technique as a means of data collection can be said to be effective.
This is because out of the total population, individuals from different ethnic groups were picked for interview and even for administering of questionnaire during the study. Therefore the use of sampling was effective. A good sample must be done in a manner in which all the groups are represented. For example out of 6,421 persons picked for study, we had whites forming the major ethnic group therefore were large in number, followed by blacks, Hispanic and others. The number varied because of the differences in the number of each ethnic group forming part of the study.
By sampling the different ethnic groups we could understand the group who are highly victimized when in contact with the police. The questionnaires are used in study to get information from police and public about the use of force. Questionnaires are effective since some members of the public fear speaking out information when interviewed. Therefore, when given questionnaires they could fill them at their own pace. Questionnaires also provide detailed information that can be stored for future use. (Michael, G, 2007 p. 102). The interviews that were carried out during the study targeted different people from different household.
Once a sample was picked of persons with 12 years old and above, this person was to be interviewed. The national Crime Victimization survey was based on interviews with representative samples of American households. The interview was effective in the sense that each member sampled from a household was to be interviewed seven times during the three-year period of survey to provide accurate information. Because those interviewed had a known probability of selection the information obtained would be useful in estimating the total number of the public with or without contacts with the police.
Those who might have had contacts with police were to be interviewed for long time or would take more time as compared to those who did not have contact with police. The findings on why most of the people were coming into contact with police were that they were seeking for assistance from police; some were victims of crime or witness to a crime. Other reasons could be that these people were trying to assist the police and others just coming into contact during meetings/casual contacts with police. Ethical issues that were touched during the study were; Male teenagers were highly in contact with police than female counterparts.
Whites formed the majority of those who come into contact with police followed by blacks and Hispanics last. Other issues included why some citizens had multiple police contacts. Some of the respondents had repeated contacts with police during 1996 study. The reasons were giving was that they were reporting crime to police, asking police for help or other help to police, and witness to a crime. Majorities were victims and some felt that they were suspected of being involved in crime. However, the survey question did not specifically ask who initiated the contact: the respondent or police. (Anthony, A, 1993 p. 89)
Actions by police during the contacts are other issues to be discussed. These include threats, beating of citizens or victims. The citizens were to be interviewed on the specific type of force applied by police during the contact. No one reported that they had been kicked, hit with a flashlight, attacked by police dog or shot at by a police. Some citizens were reported to be in contact with police because they were assaulting the police or they feared the presence of police therefore behaving like a criminal suspect. Expected findings for the current research project will be to discuss the issues of police integrity.
This is because the use of excessive force by police was not highlighted as a central topic so the current research is geared towards training, selecting, hiring and maintaining professional standards and integrity in the force. Other measures of correction in criminal justice are also provided in the project. The upcoming study will concentrate on the measures to be taken when any person is victimized. The study should look into possible procedures to reduce the use of excessive force by law enforcement personnel. In Chicago the police force is accused of racial biasness.
Most of these racial abuses are committed by a small percentage of officers. Many of them members of the gin tactical outfits such as the special operations unit that work in low-income African-American and Latino neighborhoods. Police abuse and misconduct against lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people is common in the US. An example of this is the report of Kelly Macalister, in Aug 2002. She was a white transgender woman who was arrested in Sacramento California. She was pulled from her truck thrown on the ground and allegedly beaten. She was pepper-sprayed, handcuffed then jailed by the police.
She claimed to have been severely sexually abused. Raiding of guy clubs and their arrest by police is common. Although the department denies fostering a culture that tolerates corruption, little is done to discipline the officers whose behavior exacts such a toll on the city or deter others form following the example. Statistics provided by the city in a federal civil rights suit show 10,150 complaints of police abuse in categories of excessive force, illegal arrest, illegal search, and racial and sexual abuse. From 2002 – 2004 this resulted in only 18 officers receiving any meaniful displine.
. JAPAN; Women are victims of incest, rape and domestic violence that often lead to trauma, physical handicap or death. In Japan people most affected by police abuse are women. Rape is still used as a weapon of war a strategy used to subjugate and terrify the entire community. Police deliberately impregnate women of different ethnic groups and abandon them when it is too late to get an abortion. Other women are sent for prostitution by their parent or husbands. They are raped but on reporting to the police they are raped home and even assaulted at the police station.
SAUDI ARABIA; Religious police in Saudi Arabia have drawbacks in the country. They have negatively affected citizens by detaining and beating them up without prosecution. Many people have died in custody due to this harassment by the religious police in Saudi. GERMANY; The police officers abuse foreigners who are in custody by speaking to them in a language they do not comprehend, by not contacting a relative or a lawyer of their choice and by not availing to them medical assistance. Ilegal arrest is also a form of torture. CHINA; The police abuse women sexually.
An incident in 2005 one young Chinese woman was shown in a video clip being strip- searched and ill treated in a Malaysians police station. Another young Chinese woman claims four Malaysians sexually assaulted her. Chinese police abuse immigrants. An example is a 27-year-old man who was detained by police for lack of a temporary residence permit in a migrant detention center and was severely beaten . He died a few days later in the police custody. FRANCE The law enforcement and internal security apparatus consists of the gendarmerie, the national police and municipal police forces.
In major cities all of which are under effective civilian control have these forces. Members of these forces have been seen to committee some serious human rights abuse. There are instances of abuse of detainees, particularly foreigners by law enforcement officers. Examples include long delays in bringing cases to trill and lengthy pre-trial detention. Violence and threats against ethnic and religious minorities is an abuse. Beating of citizens in custody. Excessive force used during beating and use of tear gas grenadine to calm down a demonstrating crowd.
Women in France who report rape cases committed by catholic priests to police are assaulted and dismissed by the police. ENGLAND; Racial harassment of the black people by the British police . An example is the Carl Josephs case where he was always stopped on suspicion of having a criminal record and driving a stolen car just because he was black. Another police abuse is the use of excess force e. g. a policeman shooting a suspect to death in a crime scene. How nations deal with the problem alone; In France , a ministry of state for women was established.
Its main goals are among others to promote woman’s rights and strengthen their role in economic, social, and political a cultural life. Legal measures are being adopted towards the elimination of violence against women. The establishment of special courts to deal with violence is envisaged. Psychological treatment for abused women is also planned along with establishment of women shelters around the country. Specially trained female police officers could provide assistance to victims of violence. In Japan there has been introduction of police units specially trained for dealing with police rape.
These police stations are staffed entirely by women. In addition, police to have been trained internationally to change social attitudes and beliefs that encourage male violence. China abolished temporary resident permits and reformed the migrant detention centers . Use of excessive force by police was banned The German government strengthen international disciplinary measures against offending police officers and the internal prosecutorial and judicial measures to ensure that in the future all police officers accused of ill-treatment was shortened.
Police and immigration officers of all ranks as well as medical personnel received compulsory training concerning the convention against torture. As most reports of ill treatment came from foreigners, the officers also received compulsory training in areas of conflict management and ethnic minorities. How nations together deal with the problem; To curb religious police abuse and other war s the Un military was sent to Saudi Arabia for war. The US military raided and seized weapons and equipment used by Saddam Hussein and his men to fight the nation.
They also captured , procuted and killed saddam hussien. Another method is to place sanctions on specific countries to stop them from police abuse. Lastly international training for the police force is given through semina REFERENCE Anthony, A. (1993). Police use of force; official Reports, Citizen. Complaints, and legal consequences, Washington, D. C. 2 (1): p 8-100. Michael G. Maxfield, Earl R. Bobbie (2007). Research methods for criminal justice and criminology. London, Thomson Publisher rs and conferences to shan police abuse.